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2000 - 1000 BCE

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Ba-bird Amulet

1069 BCE - 664 BCE
Third Intermediate Period (1069-664 BCE)
1 1/4 in. (3.2 cm)

Unknown, Egyptian
Egyptian

Object Type: Ceramics
Medium and Support: Mold-made blue glazed faience
Credit Line: The C. Herbert Ocumpaugh Collection
Accession Number: 1928.261.1
Location: Currently on view
Link to this object
Collection: The C. Herbert Ocumpaugh Collection

Amulets are small objects that represent gods, goddesses, and symbols of rebirth. Made of bronze, clay, or stone, they offered the wearer sacred protection both in the world of the living and in the afterlife. Ancient Egyptians wore amulets as jewelry
during life; priests would also place amulets within the wrappings of a mummy as they prepared it for burial. Certain amulets were placed in specific locations on the mummy, such as over the heart, the throat, or the incision on the abdomen.

The figure of the ba-bird has a human head on a bird’s body and symbolizes the ba, one of the human spirits that could return to the body after death. Ba-bird amulets were usually placed on the mummy’s chest and, if necessary, could act as a substitute for the ba of the deceased.

[Gallery label text, 2009]

Provenance
C. Herbert Ocumpaugh, Rochester, NY (1864-1929); his gift to the University and the Gallery in 1928

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Web Links See links to web pages and lesson plans
Protected for Eternity: The Coffins of Pa-debehu-Aset, Gallery Guide Explore the world of Pa-debehu-Aset, and the sacred stories that relate the Egyptian journey to the afterlife. Learn how a mummy is made, and explore reading and writing in ancient Egypt.
Ocumpaugh property at 51-55 Main Street East Note from the Rochester Images project, direct url: http://photo.libraryweb.org/carlweb/jsp/DoSearch?databaseID=716&count=10&terms=19789&index=z

"The Ocumpaugh family was prominent in Rochester for many years. E. Ocumpaugh sold ready-made clothing from a shop at 71 Main Street in the 1840s. Later the "Ocumpaugh Building", occupied a space on the south side of the west end of the Main Street Bridge into which the "Y" moved in February 1876. In the mid-1920s, C. Herbert Ocumpaugh presented his collection of Egyptian and Eastern-Mediterranian antiquities to the Memorial Art Gallery."


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