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Interior of a Mosque

1890-1899
23 3/8 x 35 3/8 in. (59.4 x 89.9 cm)

Jean-Léon Gérôme
French (1824 - 1904)

Object Type: Painting
Medium and Support: Oil on canvas
Credit Line: Gift of Mr. and Mrs. F. Harper Sibley
Accession Number: 1957.18
Location: Currently on view
Link to this object
Collection: Hiram Sibley Collection

An enthusiastic amateur archaeologist, Gérôme painted dozens of Eastern scenes over his long career, including a number of mosque interiors. Although the mosque seen here has not been identified, the artist was known to have travelled in Asia Minor, the Middle East, and North Africa, and it is believed that this elaborate interior is a composite, made up of details from a number of specific sites. The worshippers assume accurate postures for their devotions, from the initial upright recitation of vows to the final prostration before God.

Gérôme was a firm proponent of the Academic style: he taught at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and won national honors and the patronage of royalty. Although his pupils had included icons of modernism such as Fernand Leger and Everett Shinn, Gérôme was initially opposed to any challenges to the supremacy of the Academy. In the face of increasing opposition to his conservative viewpoint, he declared that the work of the Impressionists was “insipid and badly executed.”

[Gallery label text, 2011]

Marks
Backing board. Back of canvas not seen 7/08.


Provenance
Hiram W. Sibley (1845-1932), New York and Rochester; by descent to his son, F. Harper Sibley, and his wife; their gift to the Gallery in 1957

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