{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 980, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/980", "Disp_Access_No" : "1964.28", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1927", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1927", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1927", "Disp_Title" : "Fountain Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Gaston Lachaise", "Sort_Artist" : "Lachaise, Gaston", "Disp_Dimen" : "72 in. (182.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "72 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Limestone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Limestone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Charlotte Whitney Allen and her husband hired Pittsford native Fletcher Steele to design a garden for their newly built house on Oliver Street [Rochester, NY] in 1915. The lot was small, ninety by two hundred feet, so Steele had to make use of interesting details to provide visual stimulation. The young landscape architect had strong notions of what would make a small backyard into a charming city oasis, which he enumerated in several articles and even a book, "Design in the Little Garden". Sculpture was one such detail Steele felt was crucial to a small garden, providing it met the proper criteria. He also considered space composition a necessary factor in good garden design. Some of the traits good garden sculpture should possess, according to Steele, include substantial mass, interesting silhouette, strong light and shadow, and contrasting material and color to the foliage around it. Mr. and Mrs. Allen commissioned the French-born sculptor Gaston Lachaise in 1926 to create a figure for the focal point of their garden. They had first seen his work in an exhibition in New York City in 1918, from which they may have purchased a small sculpture, and possibly even earlier in the 1913 Armory Show. A group of letters housed at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio chronicles the development of their occasionally stormy relationship. After considerable delay, the sculpture was finally installed above the pool in the Oliver Street garden. Alfred Stieglitz, who championed Lachaise, wrote to the Allens in 1927 that "It [the sculpture] has been seen by at least thirty sculptors and their unanimous opinion has been that it is one of the grand bits of work that has come out of America." (Kenyon College Special Collections, Gambier, Ohio, March 26, 1927) [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Charlotte Whitney Allen", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Children" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "3184", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "Sketch for "Fountain Figure"" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.28_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.28_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.28_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.28_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12420", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.28_R1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.28_R1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.28_R1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.28_R1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "18655", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.28_R2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.28_R2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.28_R2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.28_R2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "18656", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.28_R3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.28_R3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.28_R3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.28_R3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "33491", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "In situ view in Charlotte Whitney Allen''s garden...Photo in Object file.", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.28_R4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.28_R4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.28_R4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.28_R4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "33492", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "In situ view in Charlotte Whitney Allen''s garden...Photo in Object file.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 984, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/984", "Disp_Access_No" : "1973.75", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1928", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1928", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1928", "Disp_Title" : "Standing Woman", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Gaston Lachaise", "Sort_Artist" : "Lachaise, Gaston", "Disp_Dimen" : "65 in. (165.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "65 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Standing Woman" was commissioned for the New York City apartment of Mr. and Mrs. O'Donnell Iselin, cousins of James Sibley Watson, Jr., one of Lachaise's most important patrons. Lachaise designed the sculpture knowing that the work was to be the centerpiece of a formal library, and would be placed on the mantel above the fireplace. He wrote that he "composed the figure in a spirit of tranquil elevation, harmonious to the purpose of the room." Lachaise's most distinguished subjects are life sized draped female figures. The Memorial Art Gallery is fortunate to own two examples, the bronze Standing Woman and the stone Fountain Figure, both on view in the Vanden Brul Sculpture Pavilion. [Gallery label text, 2005]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mr. Peter Iselin and his sister, Mrs. Emilie I. Wiggin", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.75_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.75_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.75_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.75_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "21999", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "This photograph is actually a conservation photo taken after treatment at Williamstown Art Conservation Center in 2005. The existing digital/embark kiosk display image is so deplorable and misrepresentative of the object that it seemed necessary to use the more current, better quality conservation photo. Modifications to the original image file (saved to embark drive: images folder: conservation images folder: 73.75 folder) was to block out the white base the object was photographed on. Jessica Marten, Assistant Curator. February 2, 2006", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 987, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/987", "Disp_Access_No" : "1997.11", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "July 1923 - February 1924", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "7/1923", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2/1924", "Disp_Title" : "The Mountain", "Alt_Title" : "The Mountain", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Gaston Lachaise", "Sort_Artist" : "Lachaise, Gaston", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 x 20 x 9 in. (22.9 x 50.8 x 22.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Limestone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Limestone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Lachaise made numerous versions of "The Mountain," in which he suggested the similarity between a reclining female figure and a mountainous form. [Gallery label text, 2005]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. Michael L. Watson", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Hilton Kramer, author of "The Sculpture of Gaston Lachaise" (New York, Eakins Press Publishers, 1967) said "Lachaise created numerous reclining ''Mountain'' figures in varying sizes in stone and bronze - the first in 1913, the last and largest at the end of his life."", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/97.11_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/97.11_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/97.11_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/97.11_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15903", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/97.11_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/97.11_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/97.11_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/97.11_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "26544", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }