{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 4261, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4261", "Disp_Access_No" : "1976.13", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1560", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1555", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1565", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait of a Boy of the Bracciforte Family of Piacenza", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Girolamo Mazzola Bedoli", "Sort_Artist" : "Bedoli, Girolamo Mazzola", "Disp_Dimen" : "65 x 34 5/8 in. (165.1 x 87.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "65 in.", "Disp_Width" : "34 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Every pictorial element in this full-length portrait of a young boy refers to his aristocratic heritage and high status in society. His costume is made of a richly-textured fabric trimmed with buttons of gold; the elegant purse at his waist, his fashionable small plumed hat and the golden hilt of his sword attest to the wealth of his family. The coat of arms on the gilded medallion he holds in his right hand clearly identifies him as a member of the Bracciforte family of Piacenza, one of the richest cities in Renaissance Europe. A book, flute and allegorical statue of Fame, shown here as a winged figure holding two long, thin trumpets, are on a table at his right; they suggest the importance of education and music in the highest strata of Renaissance society. For decades, this portrait was attributed to the painter Niccolò dell’Abate. Recent scholarship, however, has suggested that it is the work of Girolamo Mazzola Bedoli, who was well known for his portraits of the Farnese and other notable and aristocratic families in the Duchy of Piacenza as well as the nearby Duchy of Parma. These two duchies united only a few years after this portrait was painted. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/76.13_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/76.13_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/76.13_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/76.13_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "36524", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Photographed in its frame; frame cropped out in Photoshop", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/76.13_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/76.13_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/76.13_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/76.13_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "36525", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Photographed in its frame; frame cropped out in Photoshop", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/76.13_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/76.13_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/76.13_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/76.13_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "36526", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/76.13_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/76.13_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/76.13_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/76.13_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "36527", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/76.13_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/76.13_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/76.13_A7.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/76.13_A7.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "36528", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 10476, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/10476", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.27", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "October 1922", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "10/1922", "_Disp_End_Date" : "10/1922", "Disp_Title" : "Autumn Brook", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Bellows", "Sort_Artist" : "Bellows, George", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 1/2 x 24 in. (41.9 x 61 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "16 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "24 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "With his unflinching paintings of brutal boxing matches and urban tenements, George Bellows made a name for himself in the early years of the century as a central Urban Realist artist. In this later painting, "Autumn Brook," the modernist influence of expressive color, space and line is visible in Bellows’ lyrical painting of the countryside near his summer home in Woodstock, NY. [Gallery label text, 2007] "Autumn Brook" contains the archetypal elements present in Bellows's finest Woodstock landscapes, including water, rolling hills, mountains, animal life, vegetation, and a dramatic sky. Bellows's choice of vivid colors celebrates the magnificence of nature and the artist's joy at finding himself immersed in it. The active brush strokes prove his ability to paint with a controlled sense of abandon. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Muriel Englander Klepper and Marion Stratton Gould Fund In honor of Marjorie B. Searl", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.27_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.27_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.27_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.27_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13430", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 205, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/205", "Disp_Access_No" : "1947.13", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1914", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1914", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1914", "Disp_Title" : "Evening Group", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Bellows", "Sort_Artist" : "Bellows, George", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 x 30 in. (63.5 x 76.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 in.", "Disp_Width" : "30 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "board", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on composition board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This painting portrays the artist with his wife, Emma, and daughter, Anne, on vacation on Monhegan Island off the coast of Maine. Two neighbor children occupy the right side of the canvas. [Gallery label text, 2007] In the summer of 1914, painter George Bellows convinced his wife, Emma, to travel to Monhegan Island off the coast of Maine along with their young daughter, Anne. There, he hoped to paint more of the stunning seascapes he had worked on so successfully in past years. Evening Group depicts Emma and Anne on the left, the artist in the middle, and two neighbor children on the right. Based in New York City during much of the year, Bellows found that the harsh beauty of places like Monhegan Island provided him with subjects that contrasted dramatically with his acclaimed urban scenes. He first visited the island in 1911 in the company of his teacher and mentor, Robert Henri, and wrote enthusiastically to Emma: “The Island is only a mile wide and two miles long, but it looks as large as the Rocky Mountains. It’s three times as high as Montauk [Long Island] and all black and grey rock. Beautiful pine forests and wonderful varieties of all kinds…” In another letter, he lamented “my head is full of millions of great pictures which I will never have time to paint.” [Gallery label text, 2005]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Children" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "3002", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "Study for "Evening Group"" } ], "Curator" : "Note that the online catalogue raisonne lists the inclusion of this work in a 1926 exhibition at the Los Angeles Museum of Art, but an exhibition of that date that might contain this work could not be found.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/47.13_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/47.13_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/47.13_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/47.13_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12371", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42bellows1.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42bellows1.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42bellows1.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42bellows1.tif", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23028", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "CMYK tif image from Monroe Litho for Seeing America catalogue. Cannot be converted to RGB for web use without considerable color adjustment.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 3002, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/3002", "Disp_Access_No" : "1993.23", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1914", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1909", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1919", "Disp_Title" : "Study for "Evening Group"", "Alt_Title" : "The Family, Evening", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Bellows", "Sort_Artist" : "Bellows, George", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 11/16 x 21 3/16 in. (44.9 x 53.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 11/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "21 3/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet (irregular)", "Medium" : "Graphite", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Conté crayon and graphite on tracing paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "George Bellows was a remarkable painter who studied, taught, and lived in New York City. There, he often associated with members of the group of artists known as The Eight, led by Robert Henri. In 1911, accompanied by Henri, George Bellows made the first of several trips to Monhegan Island off the coast of Maine. On his last visit, in 1914, he was accompanied by his wife and daughter Anne, who are the two figures on the left of this drawing. The figures on the right are young neighbors, but the central figure has not yet been identified. While this drawing has an anecdotal quality in its depiction of friends and family, the artist's interest in composition, or the arrangement of forms, can also be seen in the heavily-drawn diagonal lines and the diamond grid in the paper that he used. Bellows used this drawing as a preliminary study for a similar painting that is owned by the Gallery, which underwent technical analysis at the Williamstown Art Conservation Center to determine what changes the artist may have made to the painting before his death in 1925. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Bennett Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Parent" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "205", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "Evening Group" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.23_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.23_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.23_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.23_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12519", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42bellows2.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42bellows2.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42bellows2.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42bellows2.tif", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23029", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "CMYK tif image from Monroe Litho for Seeing America catalogue. Cannot be converted to RGB for web use without considerable color adjustment.", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.23_I1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.23_I1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.23_I1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.23_I1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "27091", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 211, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/211", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1928", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1928", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1928", "Disp_Title" : "Boomtown", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Thomas Hart Benton", "Sort_Artist" : "Benton, Thomas Hart", "Disp_Dimen" : "46 1/8 x 54 1/4 in. (117.2 x 137.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "46 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "54 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Egg yolk and oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Egg yolk and oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early in his career, Thomas Hart Benton was involved in the American abstract movement, Synchromism. In the 1920s, Benton embarked on a style that incorporated Synchromist rhythmic line and expressive color with representational imagery of rural America. With this major shift in style, Benton established the Regionalist movement. Many consider Boomtown to be the artist’s first Regionalist masterpiece. [Gallery label text, 2007] Boomtown is one of the masterpieces of the Gallery's collection because of its impressive and unique depiction of an American landscape. When Thomas Hart Benton sketched this panoramic scene from a second floor window, the smoky fire on the horizon signified progress, not pollution. Borger, Texas was a boomtown that sprang to life in 1926 after a refinery company hit a gusher that produced 5000 gallons of oil a day. Benton is one of the three major American Regionalists (the other two are Grant Wood and John Steuart Curry), so called because most of their subjects were about life in the rural heartland of America. While Benton was not a fan of contemporary modernist painting, and in fact disdained artists who painted in the abstract style, he couldn't help but be influenced by the curvy and streamlined aesthetic of his times and the way in which artists were reinterpreting three-dimensional space. Consider the way in which the people, buildings and landscape are layered from top to bottom on the canvas, rather than being laid out carefully from front to back in the manner of traditional artistic renderings. [Gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12375", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Transparency rescanned at much larger size for publication as _P2 image", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.1_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.1_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : 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"Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.1_R5.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.1_R5.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.1_R5.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.1_R5.tif", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "37733", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 292, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/292", "Disp_Access_No" : "1944.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1765", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1760", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1770", "Disp_Title" : "Unfinished Portrait of Nathaniel Hurd (1729-1777)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "John Singleton Copley", "Sort_Artist" : "Copley, John Singleton", "Disp_Dimen" : "29 3/8 x 24 5/8 in. (74.6 x 62.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "29 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "24 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Nathaniel Hurd (1730-1778), silversmith, goldsmith, and engraver, was a member of a distinguished Boston family of silversmiths. In addition to creating a number of silver pieces, he was well-known for his bookplates, which were designed for many distinguished colonial families including Loyalists and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and were based on heraldic motifs (to which they may or may not have been entitled). Hurd also designed a plate for his own family, as well as bookplates for both Harvard and Dartmouth Colleges. The bookplates provide an unusual link to the social and intellectual climate of the times, and literally speak volumes about sociocultural aspirations of eighteenth-century America. Hurd was a contemporary of Copley’s. This ca. 1765 portrait, Copley’s first to depict a fellow artisan in working costume, had been preceded by an earlier miniature that Copley had painted of Hurd in 1755. [Gallery label text, 1996] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/44.2_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/44.2_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/44.2_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/44.2_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12367", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print Master derived from Digital Master for Seeing America Pachyderm project August 2008.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 352, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/352", "Disp_Access_No" : "1974.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1860", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1860", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1860", "Disp_Title" : "Genesee Oaks", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Asher Brown Durand", "Sort_Artist" : "Durand, Asher Brown", "Disp_Dimen" : "28 1/4 x 42 in. (71.8 x 106.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "28 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "42 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Asher B. Durand was commissioned to paint this magnificent vista overlooking the Genesee River Valley in Geneseo, New York, by a member of the Wadsworth family, the village founders. At one time, they owned all the land from Geneseo to Rochester. [Gallery label text, 2007] No matter what the weather, this view across the Genesee Valley near Geneseo is as breathtaking now as it was over two hundred years ago, when landowner James S. Wadsworth commissioned Hudson River school founder Asher B. Durand to record the beauty of the landscape in a painting. In the summer of 1859, Durand traveled from New York City to the Genesee Valley to make preparatory sketches. Trained as an engraver, he recorded many of the details that he saw, but in addition, his personal belief in the immanence of the divine in the natural world motivated him to present a landscape that seems to extend infinitely. Statuesque oak trees, many of which are still standing on the land, dominate the painting. In this region, the trees were more than a decorative feature. When the Wadsworths began to sell and lease land to local farmers, they included a clause in the contract requiring that a number of trees remain after the land was cleared. This was a holdover from British husbandry; the result was a countryside that was not only beautiful but that provided sun and moisture control for humans and animals alike. Genesee Oaks was Durand's tribute to the splendor of this valley. [Gallery label text] Durand visited the Genesee country but once, sketching in the Geneseo area during late June and July of 1859. Of his trip he wrote to his son in August: "With all my troubles I believe I have learnt more about the management of colors in the painting of trees than by all my previous practice, altho' I have never produced so little in the same span of time, not having made but four studies in five weeks." During the following year, back in his studio, Durand painted Genesee Oaks, based on the sketches he had made. The painting was commissioned by James Samuel Wadsworth, a local squire, who owned the work when it was exhibited at the National Academy of Design in 1861. Seven oil studies done near Geneseo in 1859 are photographed in Durand's studio after 1878. A photograph shows three small sculptures of cows, two standing, one reclining that may have served as models for the animals in the painting. Howard S. Merritt Peters, Susan Dodge, ed. Memorial Art Gallery: An Introduction to the Collection. (Rochester, NY: The Memorial Art Gallery, 1988). p.182-3.", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Women's Council in honor of Harris K. Prior", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/74.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/74.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/74.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/74.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12463", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 396, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/396", "Disp_Access_No" : "1973.12", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1915", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1910", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1920", "Disp_Title" : "Beach at Blue Point", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William Glackens", "Sort_Artist" : "Glackens, William", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 1/4 x 30 1/8 in. (64.1 x 76.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "30 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Like many American painters, including Winslow Homer, William Glackens was an artist-reporter early in his career. He met Robert Henri in Philadelphia, shared a studio with him, and went to Paris with him in 1895. Upon Glackens's return, he moved to New York City. He exhibited with The Eight in 1908, and chaired the Armory Show in 1913. By 1914, he was devoting all of his time to painting, and espoused subjects like this one, colorful depictions of Americans at play. Many of his paintings reflect the influence of French impressionists, particularly Pierre Auguste Renoir. [Gallery label text, 2003]", "Dedication" : "Elizabeth R. Grauwiller Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.12_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.12_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.12_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.12_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12454", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 13365, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/13365", "Disp_Access_No" : "2005.33", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1837", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1837", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1837", "Disp_Title" : "Pittsford on the Erie Canal", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Harvey", "Sort_Artist" : "Harvey, George", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 1/2 x 23 1/2 in. (44.5 x 59.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "23 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This scene is thought to be in the vicinity of King’s Bend Park just outside of Pittsford Village. [Gallery label text, 2007]", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Margaret M. McDonald Memorial Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2005.33_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2005.33_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2005.33_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2005.33_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27616", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk dated 1-16-05", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 489, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/489", "Disp_Access_No" : "1975.138", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1876", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1871", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1881", "Disp_Title" : "Back from the Orchard", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Eastman Johnson", "Sort_Artist" : "Johnson, Eastman", "Disp_Dimen" : "10 3/8 x 6 5/8 in. (26.4 x 16.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "10 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "6 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "board", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/75.138_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/75.138_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/75.138_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/75.138_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12465", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 522, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/522", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1948", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1948", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1948", "Disp_Title" : "Summer Street Scene in Harlem", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jacob Lawrence", "Sort_Artist" : "Lawrence, Jacob", "Disp_Dimen" : "20 1/16 x 24 1/8 in. (51 x 61.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "20 1/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "24 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Tempera", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Tempera on gesso panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Jacob Lawrence chronicled the migration of African Americans from the South to the North in the first half of the 20th century. In Summer Street Scene in Harlem, Lawrence’s style incorporates the flattened surfaces, distorted shapes, and bold colors of modernism to capture the energy and vitality of life in Harlem, New York. [Gallery label text, 2007]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12514", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print Master derived from Digital Master for Seeing America Pachyderm project August 2008. Needs curatorial approval for other uses.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 553, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/553", "Disp_Access_No" : "1945.70", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1938", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1938", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1938", "Disp_Title" : "Ice Cream Cones", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Reginald Marsh", "Sort_Artist" : "Marsh, Reginald", "Disp_Dimen" : "24 x 30 in. (61 x 76.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "24 in.", "Disp_Width" : "30 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Egg tempera", "Support" : "board", "Disp_Medium" : "Egg tempera on composition board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of a Friend of the Gallery", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/45.70_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/45.70_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/45.70_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/45.70_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12370", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print master derived 11/23/09 by Lu Harper for Seeing America lesson plans. Needs to be okayed by Curatorial for any other use.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4477, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4477", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.35", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1864", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1864", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1864", "Disp_Title" : "Towing a Boat, Honfleur", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Claude Monet", "Sort_Artist" : "Monet, Claude", "Disp_Dimen" : "21 3/4 x 32 5/16 in. (55.2 x 82.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "21 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "32 5/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""All that is painted directly, at a given moment, has a force, power, and vitality which can never be duplicated in a studio." --Eugène Boudin, to his student Claude Monet Claude Monet’s early paintings were solidly grounded in the work of the preceding generation of French landscape painters called the Barbizon school. Their insistence on painting en plein air, or out of doors, led to Monet’s passion for capturing the transience of light. Towing a Boat, Honfleur, painted ten years before the term Impressionism was coined, captures the moment that night overtakes sunset. It is one of the earliest of Monet’s many seascapes. As an experiment in reproducing the changing effects of light under different atmospheric conditions, the painting shows his process of abstracting nature into simplified forms and exaggerated color contrasts. [Label copy from Monet: Vision and Process exhibition, 2018]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Marie C. and Joseph C. Wilson", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.35_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.35_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.35_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.35_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25404", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 3891, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/3891", "Disp_Access_No" : "1998.74", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1907", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1907", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1907", "Disp_Title" : "Sunday Morning", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jerome Myers", "Sort_Artist" : "Myers, Jerome", "Disp_Dimen" : "37 1/2 x 44 1/2 in. (95.3 x 113 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "37 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "44 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "with frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Jerome Myers said of his art, “I went to the gutter for my subject, but they were poetic gutters.” [Gallery label text, 2007] Jerome Myers was called "the gentle poet of the slums" for his compassionate images of immigrant life in New York's Lower East Side. Myers recorded the unglamorous, yet commonplace aspects of city life, as did fellow painters John Sloan and Robert Henri, members of The Eight or the Ashcan School. However, his vision of the city's poor never evoked a sense of wretchedness: "Why catch humanity by the shirt-tail," he said, "when I could see more pleasant things?" Though tame to us today, paintings like Sunday Morning were considered progressive, even "revolutionary" when they were painted, because of their subject matter. However, when it came to exhibiting with The Eight, Robert Henri didn't think that Myers's work was forceful enough. As a founder of the innovative American Association of Painters and Sculptors in 1911, Myers helped to pave the way for the watershed 1913 Armory Show in New York City, the exhibition that introduced European modernism to an enthusiastic but occasionally bewildered public. [Gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/98.74_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/98.74_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/98.74_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/98.74_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12547", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print Master derived from Digital Master for Seeing America Pachyderm project August 2008. Needs curatorial approval for other uses.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5058, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5058", "Disp_Access_No" : "1972.75", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1630-1640", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1630", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1640", "Disp_Title" : "The Fox and the Heron", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Frans Snyders and workshop", "Sort_Artist" : "Snyders, Frans", "Disp_Dimen" : "47 1/8 x 61 1/4 in. (119.7 x 155.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "47 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "61 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Monumental and decorative animal painting developed in Antwerp in the 17th century in the immediate circle of Rubens. Snyders, whose workshop was famous for this type of work, often also collaborated on the animals, flowers, and fruit in his friend Rubens's paintings. The rendering of materials such as the fur of the fox, the plumage of the bird, and the transparency of the glass jar add to the interest in texture. "The Fox and the Heron" is a story from Aesop's Fables. In the background, the fox invites the heron for dinner and offers only a bowl of soup, impossible for the heron to eat. In the foreground, the heron in turn invites the fox. Dinner is served in a long-necked glass jar and the fox can only lick the outside. Moral: One bad turn deserves another! [Gallery label text, August 1996]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. James V. Aquavella", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Flemish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/72.75_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/72.75_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/72.75_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.75_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29171", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Scanned by Andy Olenick April 2009 from a 1995 transparency shot by James Via. Master exists only in TIF form, not DNG. On disk 090407", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/72.75_R1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/72.75_R1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/72.75_R1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.75_R1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "30877", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Related image from National Museum, Stockholm", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 720, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/720", "Disp_Access_No" : "1988.6", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1852", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1847", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1857", "Disp_Title" : "Peeling Onions", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Lilly Martin Spencer", "Sort_Artist" : "Spencer, Lilly Martin", "Disp_Dimen" : "36 x 29 in. (91.4 x 73.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "36 in.", "Disp_Width" : "29 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Women's Council in celebration of the 75th anniversary of the Memorial Art Gallery", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/88.6_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/88.6_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/88.6_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/88.6_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12511", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 10408, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/10408", "Disp_Access_No" : "2000.11.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "332 BCE-30 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "332 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "30 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Inner Coffin of Pa-debehu-Aset", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Egyptian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Egyptian", "Disp_Dimen" : "72 1/16 x 20 7/8 x 18 7/8 in. 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"Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Do not use this photo for publication as it is distorted and disproportionate due to processing from book format.", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/53.68.232v_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/53.68.232v_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/53.68.232v_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/53.68.232v_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "42914", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Do not use this photo for publication as it is distorted and disproportionate due to processing from book format.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4827, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4827", "Disp_Access_No" : "1987.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1792-1793", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1792", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1793", "Disp_Title" : "The Death of Richard II", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Francis Wheatley", "Sort_Artist" : "Wheatley, Francis", "Disp_Dimen" : "78 x 60 in. (198.1 x 152.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "78 in.", "Disp_Width" : "60 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Francis Wheatley was best known for his historical paintings, scenes of daily life, and portraits. He trained at the Royal Academy in London and became the director of the Society of Artists in 1774. Debts and an unfortunate affair with the wife of a colleague led to his abrupt departure from England to Ireland. He returned in 1783, when he began painting illustrations for works by contemporary authors. The success of these “painted illustrations” led to major commissions, including the one for this monumental painting from the print publisher Robert Bowyer. One of Bowyer’s most ambitious projects was an illustrated edition of David Hume’s "The History of England." It comprised not only a lavish publication, but the creation of a “History Gallery” for the public display of the original paintings. According to Bowyer’s prospectus, the paintings were intended “to rouse the passions, to fire the mind with emulation of heroic deeds, or to inspire it with detestation of criminal actions.” Wheatley responded to this challenge by depicting the more dramatic version of Richard’s death, in which he was beheaded rather than starved in prison. The theatrical gestures and expressions, lurid coloring, and bold brushwork serve to heighten the violent drama of the events. In the end, the project was a financial disaster; the paintings from the gallery, including Wheatley’s "The Death of Richard II," were sold in a lottery in 1807. [Label text from It Came From the Vault exhibition, 2013]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/87.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/87.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/87.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/87.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "17184", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4828, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4828", "Disp_Access_No" : "1987.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1792-1793", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1792", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1793", "Disp_Title" : "Study for "The Death of Richard II"", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Francis Wheatley", "Sort_Artist" : "Wheatley, Francis", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 1/2 x 11 1/2 in. (36.8 x 29.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/87.2_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/87.2_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/87.2_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/87.2_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "16970", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7805, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7805", "Disp_Access_No" : "1942.55", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1330 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1335 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1325 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Standing Figure of the Finance Minister Maya", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Egyptian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Egyptian", "Disp_Dimen" : "33 9/16 x 11 in. (85.2 x 28 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "33 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without mount", "Medium" : "Limestone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Limestone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The inscription identifies this relief as belonging to the tomb of Maya, the son of Iwy and Werit. Maya, the Overseer of the Royal Treasury who served the pharaohs Tutankhamun, Aya and Horemhab, also supervised the preparation of the tombs of Tutankhamun and Ay in the Valley of the Kings. An inscription from another part of the tomb, now in Liverpool, England, tells us that Tutankhamun himself ordered Maya to journey from Aswan, a city in the south, to the shores of the Mediterranean. His instructions were to levy taxes in order to establish offerings for all the gods of Egypt. In this relief, Maya is shown wearing an elaborate wig, the individual curls of which are tied at their ends. His facial features are distinctive, particularly his aquiline nose and strong chin. His accessories include two collars of disk beads that represent the “gold of honor.” Pharaohs of the period gave this type of collar to distinguished administrators as a reward for their service. Richard Lepsius, a famous German Egyptologist, studied the tomb of Maya during the 1900s. He and his team published drawings that place the Gallery’s relief on the exterior south side of the entrance to the antechamber of the tomb. [Excerpted from gallery label text, 2004]", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Egyptian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "New Kingdom, Dynasty 18 (1550-1295 BCE)", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42.55_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42.55_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42.55_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42.55_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29014", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42.55_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42.55_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42.55_A7.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42.55_A7.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29015", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6015, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6015", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.203", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1275 BCE-1225 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1275 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1225 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Krater", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Mycenaean", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Mycenaean", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 1/2 in. (47 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta, paint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "A krater is a large, wide-mouthed jar, often used for mixing wine and water. These two kraters [51.203, 51.204] were found on Cyprus, an important island in the trade routes of the ancient Mediterranean and location of a significant Mycenaean colony. They likely served a funerary function, holding wine at the funeral feast, or containing the cremated remains of the deceased. The similar scenes on these two kraters represent the popular Mycenaean decorative motif of horse-drawn war chariots. The vase painter represented the two horses as a single body with two heads, two tails, and two pairs of forelegs and hind legs. The scene may refer to honors for a fallen warrior as described by Homer in the Iliad, where, during the Trojan War, the Greek hero Achilles led a solemn chariot procession in tribute to his dead companion Patroclus. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Mycenaean", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Possibly from a tomb opened at Enkomi, Cyprus, in 1896; see Rystedt in 1988 Medelhavsmuseet bulletin. 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"https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.203-204_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.203-204_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29073", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "51.203 and 51.204 photographed together", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6020, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6020", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.204", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1275 BCE-1225 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1275 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1225 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Krater", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Mycenaean", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Mycenaean", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 1/2 in. (44.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta, paint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "A krater is a large, wide-mouthed jar, often used for mixing wine and water. These two kraters [51.203, 51.204] were found on Cyprus, an important island in the trade routes of the ancient Mediterranean and location of a significant Mycenaean colony. They likely served a funerary function, holding wine at the funeral feast, or containing the cremated remains of the deceased. The similar scenes on these two kraters represent the popular Mycenaean decorative motif of horse-drawn war chariots. The vase painter represented the two horses as a single body with two heads, two tails, and two pairs of forelegs and hind legs. The scene may refer to honors for a fallen warrior as described by Homer in the Iliad, where, during the Trojan War, the Greek hero Achilles led a solemn chariot procession in tribute to his dead companion Patroclus. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Mycenaean", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Possibly from a tomb opened at Enkomi, Cyprus, in 1896; see Rystedt in 1988 Medelhavsmuseet bulletin. Markings seem very similar to those illustrated in that article. --KSchauber, Curatorial Research Ass''t", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29039", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29040", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29041", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29042", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A7.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A7.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29043", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A8.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A8.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A8.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A8.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29044", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A9.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A9.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A9.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A9.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29045", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A10.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A10.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A10.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A10.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29046", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A11.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A11.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A11.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A11.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29047", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A12.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A12.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A12.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A12.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29048", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A13.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A13.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A13.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A13.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29049", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.204_A14.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.204_A14.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.204_A14.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.204_A14.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29050", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.203-204_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.203-204_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.203-204_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.203-204_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "29074", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "51.203 and 51.204 photographed together. On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 2886, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/2886", "Disp_Access_No" : "1968.35", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Chilkat Robe (Naaxéin)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Tlingit", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Tlingit", "Disp_Dimen" : "52 3/4 x 62 1/2 in. (134 x 158.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "52 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "62 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wool", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wool, cedar bark, natural dyes", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Living along the Chilkat River of Southern Alaska, the Chilkat people are a single kwan, or geographical grouping, of the larger Tlingit culture. Male and female clan leaders honor their ancestors, both human and animal, by wearing Chilkat robes at festivals called potlatches and other important events. The Chilkat robe (or naaxéin) is a woven ceremonial cape traditionally worn and danced by the chief and other important members of Tlingit society. When danced, the motions of the performer include the dramatic manipulation of the long fringe, further enlivening the animal forms on the robe. The patterns on Chilkat robes represent animals important to Tlingit clans. These designs manipulate and rearrange specific animal forms, often adding additional faces and multiple eyes. This Chilkat robe features a diving humpback whale in the center panel. The whale is pictured both from above and in profile. Seated ravens shown in profile fill the two side panels of the robe. The arrangement of the overall design takes into account the position of these individual components when the robe is worn. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Gift of a Friend of the Gallery", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Textiles", "Creation_Place2" : "Native American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "May represent a diving whale. See photocopies in curatorial file.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/68.35_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/68.35_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/68.35_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/68.35_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28360", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/68.35_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/68.35_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/68.35_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/68.35_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28361", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Detail of center panel. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/68.35_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/68.35_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/68.35_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/68.35_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28362", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Detail of left panel. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/68.35_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/68.35_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/68.35_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/68.35_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28363", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Detail of right panel. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/68.35_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/68.35_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/68.35_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/68.35_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28364", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Detail of left half of center panel. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/68.35_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/68.35_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/68.35_A7.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/68.35_A7.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28365", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Detail of right half of center panel. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5262, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5262", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.90", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1000-1350", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1000", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1350", "Disp_Title" : "Jaguar Vessel", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 x 9 3/4 x 11 1/2 in. (35.6 x 24.8 x 29.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 in.", "Disp_Width" : "9 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This vessel has all the features of a jaguar: ferocious snarling face, sharp teeth, long tail and golden black-spotted coat. The hollow legs and the mouth contain small clay balls that rattle when the jar is shaken, in imitation of the jaguar’s growl. Admired for their strength and agility, jaguars were a powerful and ubiquitous symbol frequently adopted by shamans as an alter-ego. Here the jaguar is depicted in a human-like crouch with the “hands” placed on the knees – a position not possible for this animal. In fact, what we’re witnessing is a typical meditation pose of a shaman and the transformation into his/her animal form. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund ", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Pataky", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20163", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20164", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20165", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20166", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20167", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4910, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4910", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.107", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Crest Mask: Male Antelope (Chi Wara)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Bamana", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Bamana", "Disp_Dimen" : "40 9/16 x 2 15/16 x 13 9/16 in. (103 x 7.5 x 34.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "40 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, fiber, and metal", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In many cultures, gods and spirits take the form of animals. Selected for their physical or behavioral traits, features of different animals are combined to create mythical creatures whose symbolic powers are greater than those of ordinary beasts. This antelope crest mask combines the curved horns of an antelope, the curious snout and scales of a pangolin (a kind of anteater) and the squat body of an aardvark—all animals that dig up the earth. This makes the mask a fitting representations of Chi Wara, the supernatural being the Bamana believe taught humans to farm. Chi wara masks were worn in male/female pairs during dance performances in the fields that taught and encouraged good farming. Today, because of conversion to Islam and a variety of social changes due to westernization, the Chi Wara masquerade is now performed for entertainment and cultural pride. The small pieces of red cloth attached to the snout of this male Chi Wara may have originated in the woolen bandages imported by the French during the First World War. In Bamana culture, red is the color of danger and is often restricted to men of certain status. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Malian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28367", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28368", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28370", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "At the left, with 93.14 on the right. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4784, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4784", "Disp_Access_No" : "1983.55", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1850-1900", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1850", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1900", "Disp_Title" : "Rama, Sita and Lakshmana Return to Ayodhya", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Indian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Indian", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 1/4 x 17 15/16 in. (28.6 x 45.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "17 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet (irregular)", "Medium" : "Opaque watercolor", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Opaque watercolor, ink, silver and gold paint on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This painting shows a scene at the end of the epic Indian poem, The Ramayana. Rama and Lakshmana have saved Sita and they all fly home on the aerial chariot Pushpaka to see Rama crowned king of Ayodhya. They ride with twenty-three million monkeys and bears who helped them defeat the demon king Ravana. When Ravana asked Brahma to make him indestructible to gods and demons, he underestimated the power of ordinary men and animals, who became his downfall after his abduction of Rama's wife, Sita.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Helen H. Reiff in memory of Robert F. Reiff", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Indian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/83.55_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/83.55_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/83.55_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/83.55_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14524", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 851, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/851", "Disp_Access_No" : "1993.14", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Crest Mask: Female Antelope (Chi Wara)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Bamana", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Bamana", "Disp_Dimen" : "30 1/2 x 7 5/8 x 8 in. (77.5 x 19.4 x 20.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "30 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, cane, shell, yarn and brass", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In many cultures, gods and spirits take the form of animals. Selected for their physical or behavioral traits, features of different animals are combined to create mythical creatures whose symbolic powers are greater than those of ordinary beasts. This antelope crest mask combines the curved horns of an antelope, the curious snout and scales of a pangolin (a kind of anteater) and the squat body of an aardvark—all animals that dig up the earth. This makes them fitting representations of Chi Wara, the supernatural being the Bamana believe taught humans to farm. The masks were worn in male/female pairs during dance performances in the fields that taught and encouraged good farming. Today, because of conversion to Islam and a variety of social changes due to westernization, the Chi Wara masquerade is now performed for entertainment and cultural pride. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Gift of Isabel C. Herdle", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Malian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28376", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28377", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28379", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On the right, with 69.107 on the left. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }