{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 418, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/418", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1942", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1942", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1942", "Disp_Title" : "The Opposition", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William Gropper", "Sort_Artist" : "Gropper, William", "Disp_Dimen" : "28 x 38 in. (71.1 x 96.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "28 in.", "Disp_Width" : "38 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Lawmakers were threatening to cut significant federal funding for the arts when political cartoonist and painter William Gropper satirized the United States Senate in The Opposition. Gropper wrote, “I have portrayed the type of representative that is opposed to progress and culture. The U.S. Senate…[has] such an influence on American life, good and bad, that it has even affected the artist and the cultural development of our country.” [Gallery label text, 2007] William Gropper was best known for his caustic commentary on the American political and social scene. He depicted realistic and identifiable subjects; The Opposition was one of a number of paintings and illustrations that came out of his 1934 assignment for the magazine Vanity Fair, to sketch legislators in action in Washington. Gropper made no bones about his distaste for politics and used his art to further his point of view: "I have portrayed the type of representative that is opposed to progress and culture. The U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives have had such an influence on American life, good and bad, that it has even affected the artist and the cultural development of our country. No matter how far removed from politics artists may be, it seems to strike home. Only recently one blasting speech of a reactionary representative resulted in not only doing away with the Section of Fine Art, but also dismissing the Graphic Division of the OWI [Office of War Information] and nullifying art reportage for the War Department." Gropper's start as a newspaper illustrator informed the creative processes of the rest of his life. His work retained his journalist's interest in issues of the day, giving it a particularly topical essence presented in a dynamic, expressionistic format. [Gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Children" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "1714", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "The Opposition" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12387", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 1714, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/1714", "Disp_Access_No" : "1989.59", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1942", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1942", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1942", "Disp_Title" : "The Opposition", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William Gropper", "Sort_Artist" : "Gropper, William", "Disp_Dimen" : "12 1/8 x 17 in. (30.8 x 43.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "12 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "17 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Print Club of Rochester, by exchange", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Parent" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "418", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "The Opposition" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/89.59_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/89.59_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/89.59_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/89.59_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27608", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk dated 1-16-05", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 1983, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/1983", "Disp_Access_No" : "1975.120.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1974", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1974", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1974", "Disp_Title" : "The 1920's... The Migrants Arrive and Cast Their Ballots", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jacob Lawrence", "Sort_Artist" : "Lawrence, Jacob", "Disp_Dimen" : "34 3/8 x 26 in. (87.3 x 66 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "34 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "26 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Color serigraph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In 1975, Jacob Lawrence and twelve other artists were asked to respond to the question, "What does independence mean to me?" The prints made by the artists comprise the Kent Bicentennial Portfolio: Spirit of Independence, commissioned in honor of the American Bicentennial. Jacob Lawrence's parents migrated from the south to New York City, so the theme of migration was one that had great meaning to his personal history. He said, "During the post World War I period millions of black people left southern communities in the United States and migrated to northern cities. This migration reached its peak during the 1920's. Among the many advantages the migrants found in the north was the freedom to vote. In my print, migrants are represented expressing that freedom." [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Lorillard, New York", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "This print was also published as a poster. ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/75.120.8_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/75.120.8_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/75.120.8_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/75.120.8_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19161", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 2325, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/2325", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.73", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1854", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1854", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1854", "Disp_Title" : "The County Election (after George Caleb Bingham)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "John Sartain", "Sort_Artist" : "Sartain, John", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 5/8 x 32 3/16 in. (65.1 x 81.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "32 3/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Hand-colored line, stipple and mezzotint engraving", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This scene is a commentary on American elections as well as on a specific Election Day in 1850. On that day, in Saline County, Missouri, the artist George Caleb Bingham ran for a place in the State Legislature. E. D. Sappington, the candidate lifting his shiny top hat, was the winner. Sappington, with his workers, tried to buy votes with liquor, and because he was related to the judge and one of the clerks, the election’s outcome aroused suspicion. While Bingham did not contest the results, The County Election makes a powerful statement about his thoughts concerning the corrupt proceedings. The artist represents himself as the figure in the stovepipe hat seated on the courthouse steps, attended by a friendly dog and two men in white hats who pause to look over his shoulder. John Sartain was a highly successful engraver and publisher. He is well-known for his mezzotints of paintings by some of America’s major artists, including Emanuel Leutze and Thomas Sully. His descendants continued to make important contributions to the world of 19th century American art. [Gallery label text, October 2010]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.73_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.73_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.73_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.73_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "18944", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }