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More than half of his work consists of individual portraits. [Forman Gallery, Summer 2015]", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.65_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.65_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.65_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.65_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15973", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 10618, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/10618", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.81.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1625", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1625", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1625", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait of a Man (one of a pair)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Thomas de Keyser", "Sort_Artist" : "Keyser, Thomas de", "Disp_Dimen" : "6 x 4 1/2 in. (15.2 x 11.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "6 in.", "Disp_Width" : "4 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "copper", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on copper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "1985 Adams catalogue raisonne (see bibliography) says that the RKD''s photo mount identifies the subject as Francois Spieringh, but gives no reference for the identification. This may be the tapestry designer, c. 1576-1630?", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.81.2_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.81.2_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.81.2_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.81.2_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25729", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk dated 2/18/08", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 10617, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/10617", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.81.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1625", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1625", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1625", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait of a Woman (one of a pair)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Thomas de Keyser", "Sort_Artist" : "Keyser, Thomas de", "Disp_Dimen" : "6 x 4 1/2 in. 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They married in 1585.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.81.1_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.81.1_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.81.1_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.81.1_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25727", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk dated 2/18/08", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5042, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5042", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.77", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1670", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1665", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1675", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait of a Gentleman", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Nicholas Maes", "Sort_Artist" : "Maes, Nicholas", "Disp_Dimen" : "47 x 38 1/2 in. (119.4 x 97.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "47 in.", "Disp_Width" : "38 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.77_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.77_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.77_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.77_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14496", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6542, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6542", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.69", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait of a Lady", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Frans van Mieris the Elder", "Sort_Artist" : "Mieris the Elder, Frans van", "Disp_Dimen" : "5 x 4 in. (12.7 x 10.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "5 in.", "Disp_Width" : "4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "copper", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on copper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.69_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.69_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.69_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.69_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29371", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Temporary image- do not use for web or print", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6544, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6544", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.75", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "A Family at Supper", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jan Molenaer", "Sort_Artist" : "Molenaer, Jan", "Disp_Dimen" : "13 x 11 in. (33 x 27.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "13 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.75_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.75_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.75_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.75_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29372", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Temporary image- do not use for web or print", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5992, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5992", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.67", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1647", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1647", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1647", "Disp_Title" : "The Barn", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Adriaen von Ostade", "Sort_Artist" : "Ostade, Adriaen von", "Disp_Dimen" : "7 3/4 x 9 5/16 in. (19.7 x 23.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "7 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "9 5/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.67_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.67_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.67_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.67_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "18257", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5040, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5040", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.72", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1640", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1635", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1645", "Disp_Title" : "Eva Bicker", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Dirck van Santvoort", "Sort_Artist" : "Santvoort, Dirck van", "Disp_Dimen" : "27 x 23 1/2 in. (68.6 x 59.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "27 in.", "Disp_Width" : "23 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.72_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.72_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.72_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.72_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15975", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5039, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5039", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.71", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1661-1669", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1661", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1669", "Disp_Title" : "The Pancake Woman", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jan Steen", "Sort_Artist" : "Steen, Jan", "Disp_Dimen" : "26 1/4 x 20 7/16 in. (66.7 x 51.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "26 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 7/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Pancake vendors, much like outdoor food vendors today, were a common sight on Dutch streets during the 1600s. Originally a delicacy prepared on the festival day of Shrove Tuesday, the last day of Carnival and the day before the beginning of Lent, pancakes were associated with feasting and wild behavior. Images of pancake makers were initially moralistic in nature, symbolizing gluttony and lust. By the 17th century, pancakes were eaten every day and the theme lost some of its allegorical significance. The scene retained its popularity among painters and printmakers of “low-life” genre scenes, or scenes of everyday peasant and street life. [Gallery label text] Steen was a prolific artist who specialized in low-life genre scenes, such as the popular subject of the pancake maker. A delicacy prepared especially on Vastenavond, or Shrove Tuesday, which was the last day of Carnival, the pancake had become associated with feasting and riotous behavior. It was therefore identified with overindulgence and became a symbol of gluttony or lust. During the seventeenth century, however, pancakes began to be enjoyed at any time, which reduced the allegorical potency of the theme. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.71_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.71_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.71_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.71_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15974", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6545, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6545", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.66", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1628-1630", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1628", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1630", "Disp_Title" : "An Old Woman", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Dutch", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Dutch", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 5/8 x 20 5/8 x 3/4 in. (65.1 x 52.4 x 1.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.66_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.66_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.66_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.66_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25726", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "After cleaning and conservation. On disk dated 2/18/08", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }