{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 5039, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5039", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.71", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1661-1669", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1661", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1669", "Disp_Title" : "The Pancake Woman", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jan Steen", "Sort_Artist" : "Steen, Jan", "Disp_Dimen" : "26 1/4 x 20 7/16 in. (66.7 x 51.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "26 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 7/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Pancake vendors, much like outdoor food vendors today, were a common sight on Dutch streets during the 1600s. Originally a delicacy prepared on the festival day of Shrove Tuesday, the last day of Carnival and the day before the beginning of Lent, pancakes were associated with feasting and wild behavior. Images of pancake makers were initially moralistic in nature, symbolizing gluttony and lust. By the 17th century, pancakes were eaten every day and the theme lost some of its allegorical significance. The scene retained its popularity among painters and printmakers of “low-life” genre scenes, or scenes of everyday peasant and street life. [Gallery label text] Steen was a prolific artist who specialized in low-life genre scenes, such as the popular subject of the pancake maker. A delicacy prepared especially on Vastenavond, or Shrove Tuesday, which was the last day of Carnival, the pancake had become associated with feasting and riotous behavior. It was therefore identified with overindulgence and became a symbol of gluttony or lust. During the seventeenth century, however, pancakes began to be enjoyed at any time, which reduced the allegorical potency of the theme. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.71_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.71_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.71_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.71_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15974", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5032, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5032", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.70", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1680", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1680", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1680", "Disp_Title" : "Tavern Scene", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "David Teniers the Younger", "Sort_Artist" : "Teniers the Younger, David", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 3/8 x 24 in. (46.7 x 61 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "24 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The son-in-law of Jan Brueghel and a friend of Peter Paul Rubens, Teniers achieved success in Antwerp and then moved to Brussels, where he served as court painter to the archduke Leopold Wilhelm and later to Don Juan of Austria. Tavern Scene is one of numerous genre paintings in which rustics carouse, uninhibited by notions of propriety or temperance. Such subjects frequently served a moralizing purpose, indicated here by the drawing tacked to the wall above the laughing drunkard. The bird flanked by eyeglasses and candlestick may illustrate the proverb, “What use candle and spectacles if the owl cannot and will not see?” [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Flemish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.70_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.70_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.70_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.70_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12642", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5879, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5879", "Disp_Access_No" : "1924.49", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1695", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1695", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1695", "Disp_Title" : "The Famous Shoemaker (De Vermaarde Schoenmaaker)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Cornelis Dusart", "Sort_Artist" : "Dusart, Cornelis", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 15/16 x 7 1/16 in. (25.3 x 17.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 15/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 1/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of the estate of Martin Brewer Anderson, first president of the University of Rochester, by transfer from the University Libraries", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/24.49_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/24.49_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/24.49_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/24.49_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25932", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5969, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5969", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.54", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1648", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1648", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1648", "Disp_Title" : "Peasant Interior", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Adriaen von Ostade", "Sort_Artist" : "Ostade, Adriaen von", "Disp_Dimen" : "5 3/16 x 3 7/8 in. (13.2 x 9.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "5 3/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Alan Valentine", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.54_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.54_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.54_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.54_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "18256", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4859, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4859", "Disp_Access_No" : "1962.29", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Roman Ruins with Card Players ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jan Both", "Sort_Artist" : "Both, Jan", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 5/8 x 32 1/8 in. (65.1 x 81.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "32 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "As an independent subject of painting, landscape first emerged in Europe during the 1600s. Its development reflects changes in the views commonly held at that time on the universe and man’s relation to it. As landscape painting developed, the Dutch were quick to acquire a taste for Italian settings and motifs. In this painting, Both uses Italian motifs, such as ruins, as pictorial elements; he then combines them with the typical genre scene of a group of men playing cards. Also called The Ruins of the Temple of Saturn, this painting is a version of the original Jan Both painting of the same subject that is owned by the Alte Pinakothek in Munich, Germany. It was probably painted by either Jan Both or his brother, Andries. [Gallery label text] Born in Utrecht, Both subsequently traveled to Rome, where he remained from 1635 until 1641, when he returned to Holland. He was among the leading “bamboccianti,” as the Dutch painters were called who assimilated their native genre tradition with the classical landscape tradition they discovered in Italy. This popular composition, an autograph version of which survives in the Alte Pinakothek, Munich, shows low-life types amusing themselves near the formidable ruins of the Temple of Saturn. [Gallery label text] ", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Albert S. Schwab", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "See another version of this painting (or original?) at Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen https://www.sammlung.pinakothek.de/en/artist/jan-both/roemische-volksszene-mit-kartenspielern-vor-dem-saturntempel", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/62.29_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/62.29_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/62.29_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/62.29_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26216", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Note that master image for this photo has the wrong number on the number bar in the shot: it reads 69.29 rather than 62.29. Frame has been cropped out for this view and print master, but is visible in master image.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5996, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5996", "Disp_Access_No" : "1979.67", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1653", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1648", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1658", "Disp_Title" : "The Anglers", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Adriaen von Ostade", "Sort_Artist" : "Ostade, Adriaen von", "Disp_Dimen" : "4 11/16 x 6 3/4 in. (11.9 x 17.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "4 11/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "6 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching on laid paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. James H. Lockhart, Jr.", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/79.67_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/79.67_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/79.67_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/79.67_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27330", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6139, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6139", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.56", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1602", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1602", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1602", "Disp_Title" : "A Flemish Fair (after Vinckboons)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Nicolaes de Bruyn", "Sort_Artist" : "Bruyn, Nicolaes de", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 1/2 x 26 15/16 in. (44.5 x 68.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "26 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Engraving", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Howard and Florence Merritt", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Flemish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.56_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.56_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.56_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.56_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "30959", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Temporary image- not for web or print", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7934, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7934", "Disp_Access_No" : "1992.62", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1635", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1630", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1640", "Disp_Title" : "Two Amorous Couples at an Inn", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jan Georg van Vliet", "Sort_Artist" : "Vliet, Jan Georg van", "Disp_Dimen" : "8 5/16 x 10 3/4 in. (21.1 x 27.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "8 5/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "laid paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching on laid paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. James H. Lockhart, Jr.", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/92.62_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/92.62_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/92.62_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/92.62_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25942", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6347, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6347", "Disp_Access_No" : "1995.36", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1641", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1641", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1641", "Disp_Title" : "The Card Player", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn", "Sort_Artist" : "Rijn, Rembrandt Harmensz. van", "Disp_Dimen" : "3 9/16 x 3 1/4 in. (9.1 x 8.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "3 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "wove paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Norbert Ruf in honor of James O. Belden", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.36_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.36_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.36_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.36_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15293", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }