{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 7801, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7801", "Disp_Access_No" : "1944.10", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 865 BCE-860 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "865 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "860 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Winged Genius", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Assyrian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Assyrian", "Disp_Dimen" : "33 3/8 x 29 1/8 x 2 1/2 in. (84.7 x 73.9 x 6.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "33 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "29 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "with mount", "Medium" : "Alabaster", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Alabaster", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This mythical guardian figure, called a Genius, wears a two-horned helmet and fringed garment and carries a double-handled dagger, all attributes of his divine nature. His hands gesture protectively toward a flowering tree, just visible at the right edge of the sculpture. This relief, once brightly painted, is a fragment from the Northwest palace built by the Assyrian king Ashirnasirpal II (883—859 BCE) in his capital city at Kalhu, now the Iraqi city of Nimrud. Dozens of huge stone slabs carved with scenes of human and divine figures decorated the palace walls. [Gallery label text, 2009] This relief is a fragment of a larger composition of similar figures that once decorated one of the palaces of King Ashurnasirpal II, who ruled Assyria from 883 to 859 BCE. He established his capital at Kalhu, now the Iraqi city of Nimrud. Carved in a technique typical of Assyrian bas-reliefs, with contours deeply channeled to make them discernible in diffuse light, the figure’s facial features and musculature are carefully modeled. The hair and garments are also carved in detail, enhancing the decorative effect that the Assyrians favored in such reliefs. The wings and the two-horned helmet worn by the figure, called a Genius, are attributes of his divinity. That he is a protective deity is implied by his gesture toward the tree form, which suggests the care of a farmer for planted crops. The palmettes of a tree behind the figure’s right foot separated this figure from a similar one, now in the Vatican Museum in Rome, facing in the opposite direction. The motif of tending to these tree forms appears on many of the more than 315 Assyrian reliefs in collections outside of Nimrud, and is believed to represent an act that was part of ritual ceremonies. While such ceremonies remain unexplained, their frequent representation in palace reliefs suggests their importance to Assyrian court life. "I, Ashurnasirpal, the king whose glory is mighty, took Kalhu and changed its ancient mound… A palace of boxwood, mulberry, cedar, cypress, pistachio, tamarisk, and poplar… for my royal dwelling and for my lordly pleasure I founded therein, I adorned and made glorious.” King Ashurnasirpal II, who ruled Assyria from 883-859 BCE, so described the founding of his new capital city at Kalhu (modern-day Nimrud) on the banks of the Tigris River. Ashurnasirpal’s most elaborate project was the construction of the Northwest Palace, which included state apartments, a throne room, administrative offices, a harem and a tomb. Built during his reign and completed by his successors, the palace was decorated with huge stone slabs that were carved with scenes of figures in relief and inscribed with a record of important events during Ashurnasirpal’s reign. The Gallery’s relief, Winged Genius, probably comes from this palace. [Gallery label text, 2004] ", "Dedication" : "R. T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Assyrian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Per John Stearns of Dartmouth, this panel came from the Northwest Palace of Assurnasirpal II, the left half of the upper register of Room I; the right half of the panel is in the Vatican Museum. Deaccessioned from Cleveland Museum of Art in 1944 due to space considerations (see letter in curatorial file). --KSchauber, Curatorial Research Ass''t", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/44.10_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/44.10_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/44.10_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/44.10_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29017", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Digitally manipulated by Andy Olenick to combine photos to get an even distribution of lighting. On disk 1, 090330", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7531, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7531", "Disp_Access_No" : "1953.41", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "5th Century BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "401 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "The God Mars as a Warrior", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Etruscan", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Etruscan", "Disp_Dimen" : "7 1/2 x 1 15/16 x 2 11/16 in. (19.1 x 5 x 6.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "7 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "with base", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This warrior originally held a spear in his right hand and a shield on his left arm. The crested helmet enabled his fellow soldiers to distinguish him in the heat of battle and also increased his apparent height, making him psychologically more formidable. [Gallery label text, 2004]", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Etruscan", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/53.41_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/53.41_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/53.41_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/53.41_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "12698", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/53.41_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/53.41_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/53.41_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/53.41_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "12699", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/53.41_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/53.41_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/53.41_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/53.41_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "12700", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/53.41_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/53.41_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/53.41_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/53.41_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25127", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6373, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6373", "Disp_Access_No" : "1949.14", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "9th Century BCE-8th Century BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "701 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Pyxis (Toiletry Box)", "Alt_Title" : "Herzfeld Pyxis", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Syrian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Syrian", "Disp_Dimen" : "2 3/8 x 3 3/8 x 3 1/4 in. (6 x 8.5 x 8.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "2 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Red porphyry", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Red porphyry", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This small vessel, fashioned from a single block of stone to hold fine cosmetics or ointments, once included a lid which swiveled to one side. The carving on the pyxis shows two double-headed sphinxes, a deer gazing at a large bird, and two banqueters at a table piled high with loaves of bread. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "R. T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Syrian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.14_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.14_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.14_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.14_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12685", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.14_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.14_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.14_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.14_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "12686", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.14_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.14_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.14_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.14_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "12687", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.14_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.14_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.14_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.14_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "12688", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7803, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7803", "Disp_Access_No" : "1928.334", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "8th Century BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "800 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "701 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Standing Female Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Syrian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Syrian", "Disp_Dimen" : "3 3/4 x 13/16 x 3/8 in. (9.5 x 2.1 x 1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "3 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Ivory", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Ivory", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Syria and Palestine (Canaan) were the crossroads of the ancient world. Local artists borrowed and adapted the cultural influences of traders and traveling craftsmen, and created a composite decorative art style of great individuality. This figure, which might represent the Canaanite goddess Astarte, has thick curly hair suggestive of the wigs worn by the Egyptians. [Gallery label text, 1995]", "Dedication" : "The C. Herbert Ocumpaugh Collection", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Syrian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Per registrar''s ledger: from Hama, Syria", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/28.334_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/28.334_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/28.334_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/28.334_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25162", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20896, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20896", "Disp_Access_No" : "", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "600 BCE-401 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "401 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Miniature Mask of the River God Acheloüs ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Etruscan", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Etruscan", "Disp_Dimen" : "2 3/16 x 1 7/16 x 3/8 in. (5.6 x 3.6 x 1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "2 3/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 7/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The river god Acheloüs, spirit of the longest river in Greece, was represented as a bull, an animal often associated with fast-flowing water. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Anonymous loan", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Etruscan", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "This object has been on view in the Ancient World Gallery as far back as institutional memorial exists with the following label information, "Miniature mask of the River God Achelous, Etruscan, 600-400BCE, Terracotta, Anonymous Loan," with no accession number attached. During the fall 2007 effort to photograph all the objects in the Ancient World cases, the identity of this object came into question. Despite thorough research, no accession number was identified for this object. It was given a T number for tracking purposes. It is unknown where the information regarding its date originated. Jessica Marten, Assistant Curator November 2007", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/T705_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/T705_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/T705_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/T705_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25081", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23263, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23263", "Disp_Access_No" : "21.2003bL", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "332 BCE - 30 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "332 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "30", "Disp_Title" : "Cartonnage Sandal - One of a Pair", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Egyptian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Egyptian", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 x 3 x 1/8 in. (22.9 x 7.6 x 0.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Cartonnage, pigment", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Cartonnage, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Ancient Egyptians believed that ornamented masks and body coverings as well as sacred texts could magically protect the mummy in the afterlife. These sandals are made of cartonnage, a material of plaster and linen similar to papier-mâché. In ancient Egypt, these cartonnage forms, frequently ornamented and painted with depictions of gods and goddesses, were placed on the body after it was mummified. These images, along with hymns and texts from the Book of the Dead, protected the mummy in the afterlife in the same way as the decoration on anthropoid coffins. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Egyptian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ptolemaic Period (332 -30 BCE)", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/21.2003bL_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/21.2003bL_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/21.2003bL_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/21.2003bL_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "36597", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "A print master TIF exists, saved in mag_data on ''its-fp3'': Collection: Print Files, but there is no master-level photography. This photo cropped from an image of the pair of sandals together.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5605, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5605", "Disp_Access_No" : "1923.22", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "332 BCE-30 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "332 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "30 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Crescent", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Egyptian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Egyptian", "Disp_Dimen" : "3 in. (7.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "3 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Ivory", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Ivory", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. William R. Taylor", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Egyptian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/23.22_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/23.22_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/23.22_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/23.22_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "35038", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }