{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 7834, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7834", "Disp_Access_No" : "1974.71", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Orator's Chair", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Iatmul", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Iatmul", "Disp_Dimen" : "44 1/2 x 18 1/2 x 20 in. (113 x 47 x 50.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "44 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "18 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Carved and painted wood, shell", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Orator's stools were not actually designed to be sat upon. Rather, they held a central place within the Men's House, serving as a lectern during debates. Taking turns, members of a clan would attempt to upstage each other with their eloquence, theatrics and knowledge of genealogical lineages. A speaker would stand or sit next to the stool, carrying a bundle of leaves. At key points in his speak, he would place a leaf on the stool or strike the stool with the bundle to invoke the ancestor represented on the stool. This particular example is from the village of Suapmeri, of the Iatmul peoples in the Middle Sepik River Region of New Guinea. Typical of the area are the four black circles on the whitened face, the treatment of the eyes, and the catfish headdress, and the squat muscular figure with its scars. Around the periphery of the face runs a fiber band for the attachment of fern leaves. On either side of the central figure, which is male, are two small female figures in bridal veils. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "New Guinean", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/74.71_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/74.71_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/74.71_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/74.71_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26799", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7829, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7829", "Disp_Access_No" : "1973.139", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Gable Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Iatmul", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Iatmul", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 3/4 x 7 11/16 x 4 1/2 in. (37.5 x 19.5 x 11.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 11/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, pigment, shell", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The spiritual lives of Melanesian communities are dominated by Men’s Societies. The ceremonial Men’s House is the sacred dwelling place of the clan spirits, treasures, and of initiated men. Gable masks like this adorned the façades of Men’s Houses. Similar to gargoyles in medieval churches, these figures were meant to ward off troublesome spirits that can cause illness and spread mischief. Gable masks embodied powerful female, ancestral spirits. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Papua New Guinean", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.139_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.139_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.139_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.139_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "26798", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.139_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.139_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.139_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.139_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28374", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7839, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7839", "Disp_Access_No" : "1977.158", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Mask (Mai)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Iatmul", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Iatmul", "Disp_Dimen" : "29 x 6 1/2 x 5 1/2 in. (73.7 x 16.5 x 14 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "29 in.", "Disp_Width" : "6 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, shells, hair, paint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This mask was made in the mid-20th century by an Iatmul artist after the traditional mai masks danced by young initiated men and boys. Mai masks were not worn directly over a dancer’s face, rather they were attached to a large basketry piece that fit over his head and upper body. To this piece were attached brightly colored flowers, feather and leaves that disguised the human form below. Hidden below the costume the dancer sang in falsetto through a bamboo tube which helped to further transform his voice and presence. Four masks were danced together in two pairs, one as a pair of brothers and one as a pair of sisters. While the performances were public affairs, much of the preparation before and activities during were veiled in secrecy. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Papua New Guinean", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/77.158_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/77.158_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/77.158_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/77.158_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "31034", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }