{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 5271, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5271", "Disp_Access_No" : "1972.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 500-800", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "500", "_Disp_End_Date" : "800", "Disp_Title" : "Jar with Reptile Heads", "Alt_Title" : "Pot with Double-Headed Lizards", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Atlantic Watershed", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Atlantic Watershed", "Disp_Dimen" : "5 15/16 x 11 x 7 1/2 in. (15.1 x 28 x 19 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "5 15/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Blackware", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Blackware", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This pot originates from the mountainous region of central Costa Rica. Painted with black-slip, the vessel was then decorated with incised marks made after firing. The two lizard heads serve both as handles and as a visual metaphor for the concept of dualism. This deeply-rooted artistic convention often depicts objects in pairs to represent the fundamental complexities of life and death. A central component of many societies in the Ancient Americas, symbolic dualism seeks to balance the opposing manifestations of male and female, left and right, light and dark, and night and day. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "El Rio applique and Belen incised styles", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/72.8_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/72.8_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/72.8_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.8_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20190", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5534, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5534", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.56", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 800-1525", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "800", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1525", "Disp_Title" : "Shaman Figure (Sukia)", "Alt_Title" : "Shaman Smoking a Cigar", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Atlantic Watershed", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Atlantic Watershed", "Disp_Dimen" : "4 1/4 x 2 x 4 in. (10.8 x 5.1 x 10.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "4 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Volcanic stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This seated shaman figure is a standard type that was produced in great quantities in central Costa Rica. Carved from volcanic stone these figures were included in burials, and perhaps made initially for domestic use. Hallucinogenic drugs, derived from native plants and animals, played a large role in this culture. Shown deep in a trance, the shaman here is most likely either inhaling or expelling a narcotic. He wears no earthly clothing or jewelry and there is no visible body modification, as he is both of this world and the world beyond. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Henry Buxbaum", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.56_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.56_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.56_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.56_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20178", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5548, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5548", "Disp_Access_No" : "1972.10", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1200-1550 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1200", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1550", "Disp_Title" : "Ceremonial Grinding Stone (Flying-Panel Metate)", "Alt_Title" : "Flying Panel Metate", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Central Highlands or Atlantic Watershed", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Central Highlands or Atlantic Watershed", "Disp_Dimen" : "12 1/2 x 27 x 21 in. (31.8 x 68.6 x 53.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "12 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "27 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Volcanic stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "A metate is a tool for grinding and preparing food. Because of its crucial role in ancient people’s everyday existence (see photo to the right) over time the metate evolved into a ritual object. Carved from a single piece of stone, the delicate open work on this flying-panel metate was accomplished by skilled artists using only tools made from stone or wood. Both real and supernatural creatures decorate the base. The central figure is a shaman in the form of a crocodile. Respected for its power and swiftness on land and in the water, the crocodile is a fitting representation for a shaman. Metates were also employed as funeral biers in the most prestigious tombs; the body was laid out on two or three metates placed side by side. The more elaborate "flying-panel" examples may have been manufactured especially for high-rank burials. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Stonework", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/72.10_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/72.10_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/72.10_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.10_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20196", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/72.10_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/72.10_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/72.10_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": 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"https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/72.10_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/72.10_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/72.10_A7.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.10_A7.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20214", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/72.10_A13.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/72.10_A13.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/72.10_A13.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.10_A13.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20215", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5501, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5501", "Disp_Access_No" : "1973.142", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 300 BCE - 500 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "300 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "500", "Disp_Title" : "Ceremonial Half-Celt Pendant", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "3 3/8 x 1 3/8 x 1/2 in. (8.6 x 3.5 x 1.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "3 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Green stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Green stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This form traces its lineage from actual working hand-axes whose blades, or celts, were used for farming and felling trees for land use. In this incarnation, the celt has become strictly ceremonial, yet it maintains its ties to the power and prestige that accompanies land ownership. The half-celt form is one subdivision of a whole celt, carefully split length-wise to produce two pieces, each with a flat back and curved and carveable front. Depicting a crouching figure, this image may represent the human-animal combination of a shaman. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Jewelry", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.142_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.142_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.142_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.142_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29788", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5543, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5543", "Disp_Access_No" : "1971.17", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "500 - 1000 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "500", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1000", "Disp_Title" : "Ceremonial Horned Owl Mace Head", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "2 3/8 x 3 1/16 x 3 1/4 in. (6 x 7.7 x 8.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "2 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 1/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Once mounted on a staff, this ceremonial mace head descended from a similar form originally used for war clubs. These symbolic weapons were usually found in high-status graves and identified the deceased as warriors capable of self-defense, or the defense of their clan. Mace heads were made by the thousands yet found to represent a finite number of species or types, the actual animal depicted may have been a distinguishing marker of a particular clan. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Stonework", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/71.17_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/71.17_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/71.17_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/71.17_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20185", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/71.17_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/71.17_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/71.17_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/71.17_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20186", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5261, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5261", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.89", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "500-800", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "500", "_Disp_End_Date" : "800", "Disp_Title" : "Human Head Vessel", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "5 7/8 x 7 1/2 x 7 1/2 in. (14.9 x 19.1 x 19.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "5 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The effigy vessel seen here takes the form of a human head and may refer to the practice of ritual decapitation. This bowl was made by the coil method and represents an early example of tri-color, highly polished vessels that flourished in the region of Costa Rica for over one thousand years. The painted decoration shares similarities with both the Maya ceramic tradition to the north and the Nasca effigy bowls to the south. The similarity in aesthetic approaches across cultures is the result of an active trading network which ran throughout the Americas. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.89_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.89_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.89_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.89_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20181", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5258, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5258", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.62", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "800-1200 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "800", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1200", "Disp_Title" : "Incense Burner", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "15 7/8 x 10 3/8 in. (40.3 x 26.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "15 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Incense burners are found throughout the Ancient Americas, and this example is similar in purpose to the incense burner in the figure of Macuilxochitl in the case across the room. The smoke that emanated from an incense burner during a ritual could magically shroud the physical world before it dissipated into the mysterious world of the cosmos. The form itself is firmly rooted in the natural world: echoing the shape of an active volcano, the rough-textured bands of appliquéd pellets are symbolic of the scutes on an alligators hide. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Henry Buxbaum", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.62_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.62_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.62_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.62_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20179", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.62_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.62_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.62_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.62_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20180", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5262, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5262", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.90", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1000-1350", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1000", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1350", "Disp_Title" : "Jaguar Vessel", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 x 9 3/4 x 11 1/2 in. (35.6 x 24.8 x 29.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 in.", "Disp_Width" : "9 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This vessel has all the features of a jaguar: ferocious snarling face, sharp teeth, long tail and golden black-spotted coat. The hollow legs and the mouth contain small clay balls that rattle when the jar is shaken, in imitation of the jaguar’s growl. Admired for their strength and agility, jaguars were a powerful and ubiquitous symbol frequently adopted by shamans as an alter-ego. Here the jaguar is depicted in a human-like crouch with the “hands” placed on the knees – a position not possible for this animal. In fact, what we’re witnessing is a typical meditation pose of a shaman and the transformation into his/her animal form. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund ", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Pataky", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20163", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20164", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20165", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20166", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.90_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.90_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.90_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.90_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20167", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5267, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5267", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.101", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "800-1200 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "800", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1200", "Disp_Title" : "Puma Vessel", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "8 1/2 x 13 in. (21.6 x 33 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "8 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The puma is found throughout Central and South America. It is slightly smaller than the jaguar and its tawny coat is unspotted. Both animals are excellent hunters, being especially active at dawn and dusk. Their ability to move through the darkness, coupled with their strength and stealth, make them excellent alter-egos for the shaman. The cup on the back of this puma vessel is decorated with a depiction of another puma. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.101_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.101_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.101_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.101_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20184", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5537, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5537", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.99", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "500-800 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "500", "_Disp_End_Date" : "800", "Disp_Title" : "Seated Hunchback Female Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "4 5/8 x 3 15/16 x 3 7/16 in. (11.8 x 10 x 8.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "4 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay, pigments", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Made in great multitudes and providing a wealth of detail, small ceramic figures like this one illustrate the prevailing hair, clothing, body piercing and tattooing styles of the day. This female figure, with her hands placed on either side of her belly, draws attention to her ability to bear children. Figures with hunchbacks are common subjects in many Ancient American societies and are often depict individuals with shamanic powers. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.99_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.99_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.99_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.99_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20182", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.99_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.99_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.99_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.99_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20183", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5263, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5263", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.92", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "800 - 1200", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "800", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1200", "Disp_Title" : "Vessel with Bird Head", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya", "Disp_Dimen" : "12 x 8 1/4 x 8 1/4 in. (30.5 x 21 x 21 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "12 in.", "Disp_Width" : "8 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.92_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.92_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.92_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.92_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "30511", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.92_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.92_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.92_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.92_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "30512", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5481, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5481", "Disp_Access_No" : "1954.37", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "700-1550 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "700", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1550", "Disp_Title" : "Figure Pendant", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya or Diquis", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Greater Nicoya or Diquis", "Disp_Dimen" : "2 3/8 x 1 11/16 x 1/2 in. (6 x 4.3 x 1.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "2 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 11/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Copper", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Gold-copper alloy", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Gold was associated with immortality in the Ancient Americas. Its unchanging nature made it a symbol of continuity, permanence and power, and it was prized for its ability to shine like and reflect the sun. Southern Central America is one of the world’s largest gold sources, and the gold found there was highly prized by the Spanish explorers. Much of the goldwork produced by Ancient Americans was melted down and taken back to Spain as currency. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Jewelry", "Creation_Place2" : "Costa Rican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/54.37_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/54.37_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/54.37_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/54.37_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20177", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }