{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 7699, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7699", "Disp_Access_No" : "1995.25", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "307-334", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "307", "_Disp_End_Date" : "334", "Disp_Title" : "Coin of Constantine the Great", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Roman", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Roman", "Disp_Dimen" : "3/4 x 13/16 in. (1.9 x 2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The reverse of this coin depicts a Roman army camp gate. The inscription translates as “To the Foresight of our Emperors” in honor of Constantine’s imperial ancestors. [Gallery label text, 2009] Constantine is depicted as the proud ruler, with three beaded strands tied around his head, rather than with the traditional laurel wreath of the victorious warrior. The inscription gives the Roman form of his name, Constantinus, with the abbreviation AVG for Augustus, the title conferred on emperors. Constantine, the first Christian emperor, chose the city of Byzantium (now Istanbul) as his capital and dedicated it to the Virgin Mary. He rebuilt it from 325 to 330 C.E. and decorated it with famous artworks from all over his dominions. [Gallery label text, 1995]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Ralph Alexander", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Numismatics", "Creation_Place2" : "Roman", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.25_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.25_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.25_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.25_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25300", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.25_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.25_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.25_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.25_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25299", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7703, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7703", "Disp_Access_No" : "1995.26", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "133-134", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "133", "_Disp_End_Date" : "134", "Disp_Title" : "Coin of the Bar Kochba Rebellion Against Rome", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Roman", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Roman", "Disp_Dimen" : "1 1/4 x 1 3/16 x 1/16 in. (3.1 x 3 x 0.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "1 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 3/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "During the Roman occupation of Judaea, Jews restamped foreign coins with Hebrew inscriptions and Jewish symbols, such as the palm tree signifying the holy menorah of the Temple. These coins provided financial and moral support to their rebellion against Rome in 133 CE. [Gallery label text, 2009] Led by Shimon Bar Kochba, Judaea rebelled against Roman rule for the second time in 132 C.E. The revolt was brutally crushed by Julius Severus in 135. This coin, crudely restruck over a Roman one (bronze was at a premium), features a palm tree on one side and grape leaves on the other. [Gallery label text, 1995]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Ralph Alexander", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Numismatics", "Creation_Place2" : "Roman", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.26_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.26_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.26_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.26_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25308", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.26_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.26_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.26_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.26_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25307", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7716, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7716", "Disp_Access_No" : "1995.34", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "148 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "148 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "148 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Denarius of Lucius Sempronius Pitio", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Roman", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Roman", "Disp_Dimen" : "3/4 x 1/16 in. (1.9 x 0.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Silver", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Silver", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The name of the mint official appears on both sides of his coin: PITIO on the obverse, and L SEMP on the reverse. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Ralph Alexander", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Numismatics", "Creation_Place2" : "Roman", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.34_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.34_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.34_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.34_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25316", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.34_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.34_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.34_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.34_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25315", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7712, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7712", "Disp_Access_No" : "1995.32", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "10-14", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "10", "_Disp_End_Date" : "14", "Disp_Title" : "Dupondius of Emperor Augustus and Proconsul Agrippa", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Roman", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Roman", "Disp_Dimen" : "1 x 1/8 in. (2.6 x 0.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "1 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This coin celebrates the Battle of Actium (31 BCE) which brought Egypt under Roman rule. It was minted decades later in a colony settled by veterans of that battle. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Ralph Alexander", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Numismatics", "Creation_Place2" : "Roman", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.32_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.32_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.32_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.32_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25303", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.32_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.32_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.32_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.32_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25304", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7704, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7704", "Disp_Access_No" : "1995.27", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "330", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "330", "_Disp_End_Date" : "330", "Disp_Title" : "Nummus of Constantine", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Roman", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Roman", "Disp_Dimen" : "11/16 x 1/16 in. (1.7 x 0.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "11/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Constantine issued this coin commemorating the city of Rome simultaneously along with a similar one representing Constantinople, his new capital city. Together they symbolized the equality of the two imperial cities. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Ralph Alexander", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Numismatics", "Creation_Place2" : "Roman", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.27_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.27_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.27_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.27_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25297", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.27_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.27_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.27_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.27_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25298", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7709, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7709", "Disp_Access_No" : "1995.30", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "98-117", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "98", "_Disp_End_Date" : "117", "Disp_Title" : "Quadrans of Emperor Trajan", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Roman", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Roman", "Disp_Dimen" : "9/16 x 1/8 in. (1.4 x 0.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "9/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Trajan uses this coin to associate himself with the Greek hero Hercules. The reverse shows the Nemean Boar, killed by Hercules as one of his Twelve Labors. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Ralph Alexander", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Numismatics", "Creation_Place2" : "Roman", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.30_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.30_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.30_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.30_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25306", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.30_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.30_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.30_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.30_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25305", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7707, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7707", "Disp_Access_No" : "1995.29", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "54-68", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "54", "_Disp_End_Date" : "68", "Disp_Title" : "Sestertius of Emperor Nero", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Roman", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Roman", "Disp_Dimen" : "1 5/16 x 3/16 in. (3.4 x 0.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "1 5/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The reverse of Nero’s coin features a scene of Annona, the Roman personification of Grain. She stands before the seated goddess of the harvest, Ceres. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Ralph Alexander", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Numismatics", "Creation_Place2" : "Roman", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.29_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.29_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.29_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.29_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25312", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/95.29_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/95.29_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/95.29_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.29_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25311", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }