{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 5039, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5039", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.71", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1661-1669", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1661", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1669", "Disp_Title" : "The Pancake Woman", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jan Steen", "Sort_Artist" : "Steen, Jan", "Disp_Dimen" : "26 1/4 x 20 7/16 in. (66.7 x 51.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "26 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 7/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Pancake vendors, much like outdoor food vendors today, were a common sight on Dutch streets during the 1600s. Originally a delicacy prepared on the festival day of Shrove Tuesday, the last day of Carnival and the day before the beginning of Lent, pancakes were associated with feasting and wild behavior. Images of pancake makers were initially moralistic in nature, symbolizing gluttony and lust. By the 17th century, pancakes were eaten every day and the theme lost some of its allegorical significance. The scene retained its popularity among painters and printmakers of “low-life” genre scenes, or scenes of everyday peasant and street life. [Gallery label text] Steen was a prolific artist who specialized in low-life genre scenes, such as the popular subject of the pancake maker. A delicacy prepared especially on Vastenavond, or Shrove Tuesday, which was the last day of Carnival, the pancake had become associated with feasting and riotous behavior. It was therefore identified with overindulgence and became a symbol of gluttony or lust. During the seventeenth century, however, pancakes began to be enjoyed at any time, which reduced the allegorical potency of the theme. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.71_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.71_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.71_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.71_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15974", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }