{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 4807, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4807", "Disp_Access_No" : "1978.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1789", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1784", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1794", "Disp_Title" : "Mrs. John Addison (Lucy Clark)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "John Hoppner", "Sort_Artist" : "Hoppner, John", "Disp_Dimen" : "28 x 21 in. (71.1 x 53.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "28 in.", "Disp_Width" : "21 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Having a portrait painted by a noted artist such as John Hoppner was a mark of status; decades later, American collectors still enjoyed the prestige of owning portraits of European gentry. Even into the twentieth century, America was seen as a young country, and newly-wealthy Americans could “borrow” the pedigree that accompanied the sitter by displaying these portraits. Comprehensive estate taxes were introduced in England in 1894, and in the years that followed, families were forced to sell off some of their family holdings, including real estate, household belongings, and works of art, to pay these death duties. At the same time, wealthy American industrialists like George Eastman, who owned this painting and several other British portraits, were building their art collections, and bought family portraits as well as Old Master works as they came on the market. Little is known of Mrs. Addison; her husband was in the civil service of the East India Company, and they lived in India for much of their married life. [Gallery label text, 2008] ", "Dedication" : "George Eastman Collection of the University of Rochester", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/78.2_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/78.2_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/78.2_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/78.2_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13080", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }