{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 4261, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4261", "Disp_Access_No" : "1976.13", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1560", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1555", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1565", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait of a Boy of the Bracciforte Family of Piacenza", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Girolamo Mazzola Bedoli", "Sort_Artist" : "Bedoli, Girolamo Mazzola", "Disp_Dimen" : "65 x 34 5/8 in. (165.1 x 87.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "65 in.", "Disp_Width" : "34 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Every pictorial element in this full-length portrait of a young boy refers to his aristocratic heritage and high status in society. His costume is made of a richly-textured fabric trimmed with buttons of gold; the elegant purse at his waist, his fashionable small plumed hat and the golden hilt of his sword attest to the wealth of his family. The coat of arms on the gilded medallion he holds in his right hand clearly identifies him as a member of the Bracciforte family of Piacenza, one of the richest cities in Renaissance Europe. A book, flute and allegorical statue of Fame, shown here as a winged figure holding two long, thin trumpets, are on a table at his right; they suggest the importance of education and music in the highest strata of Renaissance society. For decades, this portrait was attributed to the painter Niccolò dell’Abate. Recent scholarship, however, has suggested that it is the work of Girolamo Mazzola Bedoli, who was well known for his portraits of the Farnese and other notable and aristocratic families in the Duchy of Piacenza as well as the nearby Duchy of Parma. These two duchies united only a few years after this portrait was painted. 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(37.6 x 26.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 13/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Color stipple engraving", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Edith Holden Babcock", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/47.80_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/47.80_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/47.80_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/47.80_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "32623", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5049, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5049", "Disp_Access_No" : "1953.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1630-1635", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1630", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1635", "Disp_Title" : "Two Musicians", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Bernardo Strozzi", "Sort_Artist" : "Strozzi, Bernardo", "Disp_Dimen" : "45 5/8 x 47 7/8 in. (115.9 x 121.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "45 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "47 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This scene of a middle-aged lute player and young violinist illustrates many qualities of Baroque art. Both musicians look directly out from the painting, their eye contact and lively expressions establishing a sympathetic psychological relationship with their audience. A parapet that separates performer from spectator links imaginary and actual space; dramatic lighting, naturalistic details and richly saturated colors all merge to intensify the viewer’s visual experience. The meaning of Two Musicians leaves much to the imagination. The two figures here could suggest a contrast between naïve youth and experienced age; the violin and the lute both refer to ideas of balance and harmony. Concert scenes sometimes symbolize the sense of hearing or the idea of harmony and love. Whatever the interpretation, these paintings of concerts were, like the music they represent, extremely popular with their public during the Baroque period. As a young man, Strozzi entered a monastery where he painted religious subjects. After his father’s death, he was allowed to leave the monastery to support his mother; he refused, though, to return after she died and was forced to flee his native Genoa. In 1631, he settled in Venice, where he became a Roman Catholic prelate, or church official. He enjoyed continuous success as a painter for the rest of his life. 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