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(29.2 x 20.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "8 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Ida Lynch", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Per note in file, inscribed on old mat: No. 5 of the Belgium set. Was once the fortified Port of Bruges. Render catalogue no. 397 (Knoedler)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/41.9_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/41.9_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/41.9_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/41.9_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "32616", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4530, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4530", "Disp_Access_No" : "1941.15", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1906", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1906", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1906", "Disp_Title" : "Still Waters", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "David Young Cameron", "Sort_Artist" : "Cameron, David Young", "Disp_Dimen" : "6 7/8 x 13 1/8 in. (17.5 x 33.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "6 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching and drypoint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Ida Lynch", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Per note in file, inscribed on old mat: Render 381 IV", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/41.15_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/41.15_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/41.15_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/41.15_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "32618", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4581, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4581", "Disp_Access_No" : "1926.3", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1925", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1920", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1930", "Disp_Title" : "Stone Pines in Moonlight", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Alfred Hartley", "Sort_Artist" : "Hartley, Alfred", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 1/8 x 10 15/16 in. (23.2 x 27.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Aquatint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Published in Fine Prints of the Year, vol. 3, 1926, London and New York.", "Dedication" : "Gallery purchase", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/26.3_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/26.3_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/26.3_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/26.3_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25568", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4793, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4793", "Disp_Access_No" : "1930.42", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1928", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1928", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1928", "Disp_Title" : "The Limekiln, Night", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Norman Janes", "Sort_Artist" : "Janes, Norman", "Disp_Dimen" : "10 13/16 x 14 15/16 in. (27.5 x 37.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "10 13/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "14 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood engraving", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Granger A. Hollister Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/30.42_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/30.42_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/30.42_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/30.42_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25571", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4810, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4810", "Disp_Access_No" : "1926.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1926", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1926", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1926", "Disp_Title" : "George Eastman (1854-1932)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Philip Alexius de Laszlo", "Sort_Artist" : "de Laszlo, Philip Alexius", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 x 13 in. (40.6 x 33 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "De Laszlo also painted a portrait of George Eastman that now hangs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as well as portraits of Eastman's parents.", "Dedication" : "Gift of the artist", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/26.8_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/26.8_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/26.8_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/26.8_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26096", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk dated 3-25-08", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4831, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4831", "Disp_Access_No" : "1975.112", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1920", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1920", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1920", "Disp_Title" : "James McBey (1883–1959)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Ernest Stephen Lumsden", "Sort_Artist" : "Lumsden, Ernest Stephen", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 1/16 x 13 1/16 in. (28.1 x 33.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 1/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13 1/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "McBey (1883–1959) was a Scottish printmaker. He travelled extensively and was a war artist during the First World War.", "Dedication" : "General Acquisitions Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/75.112_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/75.112_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/75.112_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/75.112_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25579", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4835, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4835", "Disp_Access_No" : "1957.58", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1949-1951", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1949", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1951", "Disp_Title" : "Woman Holding Cat", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Henry Spencer Moore", "Sort_Artist" : "Moore, Henry Spencer", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 x 20 7/8 in. (35.5 x 53 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Published in 1951.", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.58_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.58_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.58_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.58_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "17655", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4951, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4951", "Disp_Access_No" : "1914.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1910", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1910", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1910", "Disp_Title" : "Oxen on the Beach", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida", "Sort_Artist" : "Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquin", "Disp_Dimen" : "29 x 43 in. (73.7 x 109.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "29 in.", "Disp_Width" : "43 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Sorolla discovered Impressionism during an 1885 visit to Paris and took its revolutionary approach to light and color back to Spain with him. There he developed his own style, characterized by large, strong brushstrokes, and soon his international reputation was established. Sorolla's special ability to render the play of bright sunlight on the sea, on sand, and on figures along the beach has been praised by critics. "Oxen on the Beach," which features all three surfaces, is a brilliant display of Sorolla's talents. [adapted from gallery label text, 1999]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. James Sibley Watson", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Spanish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/14.8_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/14.8_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/14.8_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/14.8_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14425", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4953, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4953", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.36", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1909", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1909", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1909", "Disp_Title" : "The Linen", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pierre Bonnard", "Sort_Artist" : "Bonnard, Pierre", "Disp_Dimen" : "19 5/8 x 25 1/2 in. (49.8 x 64.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "19 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "25 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on paper laid down on board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "As an art student in Paris, Bonnard became affiliated with the Nabis, or Prophets. This group of young artists was influenced by Paul Gauguin's belief that a painting should be a product of the imagination rather than a mere copy of nature. Influenced also by Gauguin's style, the Nabis simplified form and used color boldly and expressively. After the turn of the century, Bonnard refined these principles, developing a personal, decorative, and highly subjective style. As in this scene, his pictures of everyday life often featured his wife. Painting from memory in his studio, Bonnard freely modified form and heightened color to express the beauty he recalled in nature. [Gallery label text, 1999]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Marie C. and Joseph C. Wilson", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.36_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.36_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.36_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.36_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26159", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4955, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4955", "Disp_Access_No" : "1973.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1902", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1902", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1902", "Disp_Title" : "Young Priestess", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William-Adolphe Bouguereau", "Sort_Artist" : "Bouguereau, William-Adolphe", "Disp_Dimen" : "71 1/4 x 32 in. (181 x 81.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "71 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "32 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Bouguereau's idealized figures, with their realistically-rendered surfaces and painstaking level of finish, show a technical mastery that still astonishes. Here the fluid fabrics of the priestess's garments and the drapery behind her contrast sharply with her pale flesh and the stone mosaic of the floor. The lack of context invites viewers to provide the figure with a narrative. This painting, completed when the artist was almost 80, demonstrates a return to the themes of classical antiquity that had been mainstays of his youthful work. Bouguereau had a typical Academic education: he studied anatomy, classical literature and archaeology along with drawing and painting, and spent a year in Rome where he took inspiration from Renaissance artists. A member of the Academy throughout his career, his paintings were regularly included in the annual Salon exhibitions. [Gallery label text, 2011]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Paul T. White in memory of Josephine Kryl White", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "18213", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Museum Print Editions scan purchased by Gallery Store for production purposes", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4959, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4959", "Disp_Access_No" : "1931.21", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1900", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1895", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1905", "Disp_Title" : "Dancers", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Edgar Degas", "Sort_Artist" : "Degas, Edgar", "Disp_Dimen" : "37 5/8 x 26 3/4 in. (95.6 x 67.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "37 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "26 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Pastel", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Pastel and charcoal on tracing paper, mounted on wove paper, mounted on board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "When asked by Mrs. Horace Havemeyer, an American collector, why he so often portrayed dancers, Degas replied “Because I find there, Madame, the combined movements of the Greeks.” This pastel was produced late in the artist’s life when his eyesight had begun to fail. It is possible that his diminished vision resulted in the heavy contours that surround the dancers and give only the barest suggestion of their facial features. Rather than attempting great detail, he concentrated on mapping out the unpredictable effects of theatrical lighting on the forms of the figures. [Label text from It Came From the Vault exhibition, 2013]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Charles H. Babcock", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Lemoisne catalogue raisonne describes this work as a study for or replica of cats. no. 1428 (now Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel) and 1429, "Three Dancers." No information could be found in curatorial or archival records indicating where or from whom MAG bought this work; Mrs. Babcock gave the funds. Seven flattened spots of red wax on verso of panel appear to have been used like glue to adhere a sheet of paper (now missing) to the entire surface. Per Pat Hamm, this appears not to have been fixed with fixative. Work made up of two sheets, attached vertically.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/31.21_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/31.21_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/31.21_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/31.21_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "38865", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Photographed in situ as installed; frame cropped out in Photoshop.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4961, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4961", "Disp_Access_No" : "1981.23", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "cast 1919-1937", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1919", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1937", "Disp_Title" : "Woman Washing Her Left Leg", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Edgar Degas", "Sort_Artist" : "Degas, Edgar", "Disp_Dimen" : "5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "5 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of George and Gertrude Thannhauser Beyer in memory of the Thannhauser family", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/81.23_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/81.23_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/81.23_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/81.23_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "37426", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4975, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4975", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.87", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1911", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1911", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1911", "Disp_Title" : "The Pond at Chaville (L'Étang de Chaville)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pierre Auguste Renoir", "Sort_Artist" : "Renoir, Pierre Auguste", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 3/16 x 22 in. (46.2 x 55.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 3/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "22 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. James H. Lockhart, Jr.", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.87_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.87_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.87_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.87_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "16792", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4978, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4978", "Disp_Access_No" : "1946.42", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1904", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1904", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1904", "Disp_Title" : "Moonlight: The Artist's House at Gerberoy", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Henri-Eugène-Augustin Le Sidaner", "Sort_Artist" : "Le Sidaner, Henri-Eugène-Augustin", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 1/4 x 32 in. (64.1 x 81.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "32 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "About the time this work was painted, Le Sidaner's art was compared by a French critic with the music of his countryman and exact contemporary Claude Debussy. The painting's subtle, almost monochromatic coloring, with daubing brushstrokes creating a soft, flickering play of light over surfaces, is certain reminiscent of Debussy's dappled tonal effects. [Adapted from gallery label text, 1999]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. William R. Taylor", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Catalogue raisonné (Yann Farinaux-Le Sidaner, 1989) says this painting was made in 1903; but 1974 Musée de la Ville de Dunkerque catalogue indicates artist didn''t buy this cottage until 1904.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/46.42_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/46.42_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/46.42_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/46.42_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14442", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5204, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5204", "Disp_Access_No" : "1958.3", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1926", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1926", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1926", "Disp_Title" : "Reunion (Wiedersehen)", "Alt_Title" : "Meeting Again", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Ernst Barlach", "Sort_Artist" : "Barlach, Ernst", "Disp_Dimen" : "19 in. (48.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "19 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze (one of six casts)", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "R. T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "German", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/58.3_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/58.3_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/58.3_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/58.3_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "37409", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5206, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5206", "Disp_Access_No" : "1957.17", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1911", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1911", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1911", "Disp_Title" : "The Dying Centaur", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Antoine Bourdelle", "Sort_Artist" : "Bourdelle, Antoine", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 in. (35.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "R. T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.17_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.17_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.17_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.17_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "31816", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.17_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.17_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.17_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.17_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "31817", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5208, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5208", "Disp_Access_No" : "1954.12", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1913", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1913", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1913", "Disp_Title" : "Still Life with Pipe (Nature morte à la Pipe)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Georges Braque", "Sort_Artist" : "Braque, Georges", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 x 13 in. (40.6 x 33 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/54.12_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/54.12_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/54.12_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/54.12_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "38867", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Photographed in situ as installed; frame cropped out in Photoshop.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5209, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5209", "Disp_Access_No" : "1964.47", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1923", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1918", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1928", "Disp_Title" : "Florentine Still Life (Balcone a Firenze)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Giorgio de Chirico", "Sort_Artist" : "Chirico, Giorgio de", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 3/4 x 25 in. (47.6 x 63.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "25 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Helen C. Ellwanger in memory of Gertrude Newell", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.47_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.47_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.47_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.47_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "35470", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Scanned from Jim Via transparency 12/10 KSchauber.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5212, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5212", "Disp_Access_No" : "1981.47", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "In a Happy Mood", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Alexei von Jawlensky", "Sort_Artist" : "Jawlensky, Alexei von", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 1/2 x 11 in. (29.2 x 27.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "wood", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Arthur L. and Molly S. Stern", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/81.47_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/81.47_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/81.47_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/81.47_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14521", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5214, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5214", "Disp_Access_No" : "1946.11", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1924", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1924", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1924", "Disp_Title" : "Footed Goblet", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Fernand Léger", "Sort_Artist" : "Léger, Fernand", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 1/4 x 18 in. (64.1 x 45.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "18 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/46.11_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/46.11_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/46.11_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/46.11_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "15702", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5215, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5215", "Disp_Access_No" : "1957.32", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1956", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1956", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1956", "Disp_Title" : "Maternity", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Giacomo Manzù", "Sort_Artist" : "Manzù, Giacomo", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 x 7 x 9 in. (35.6 x 17.8 x 22.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze ", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The remarkable bond between a mother and her child begins with gestation and continues after birth through touch. Our first lessons on how to interact with our world and the people around us begin in our mother’s arms. Giacomo Manzù captured this intensely physical relationship in a series of sculptures of women with their children in various states of embrace and caress. This sculpture was never put into production, and the chalky remains of the casting process remain on its surface. [Label text from It Came From the Vault exhibition, 2013]", "Dedication" : "R. T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Copyright Holder Not Found", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.32_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.32_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.32_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.32_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "31818", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.32_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.32_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.32_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.32_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "31819", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5217, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5217", "Disp_Access_No" : "1958.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1957", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1957", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1957", "Disp_Title" : "Small Rider (Piccolo Cavaliere)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Marino Marini", "Sort_Artist" : "Marini, Marino", "Disp_Dimen" : "19 3/16 in. (48.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "19 3/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "R. T. 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Ackerman Foundation", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/80.90_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/80.90_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/80.90_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/80.90_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "18545", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6578, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6578", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.27", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1907-1919", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1907", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1919", "Disp_Title" : "Near Cagnes", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pierre Auguste Renoir", "Sort_Artist" : "Renoir, Pierre Auguste", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 3/8 x 22 in. (46.7 x 55.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "22 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Renoir’s health began failing in the early 1900s, and he spent most of his remaining years in the south of France. In 1907, he bought property near Nice, France, where he lived until his death. Despite his physical limitations due to severe rheumatism, he continued to paint still lifes, portraits, and landscapes of the area. Like Monet, he used a fairly limited color palette, usually five to seven pigments, to create his complex, yet subtle, color relationships. 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(78.7 x 58.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "31 in.", "Disp_Width" : "23 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "wood", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Charles Cottet was particularly well known for his landscapes and stormy seascapes of Brittany, where he spent several months a year. The dark tones and strong values of his work belong to the tradition of Realism, an artistic movement that emphasized objective representations of the world based on the impartial observation of contemporary life. He studied and exhibited with artists such as Edouard Vuillard. [adapted from gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "George Eastman Collection of the University of Rochester", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/36.62_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/36.62_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/36.62_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/36.62_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26140", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk dated 3-25-08", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6620, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6620", "Disp_Access_No" : "1945.80", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1910", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1910", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1910", "Disp_Title" : "Woman Leaning on Her Elbows", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pierre Auguste Renoir", "Sort_Artist" : "Renoir, Pierre Auguste", "Disp_Dimen" : "8 3/4 x 8 3/4 in. (22.2 x 22.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "8 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "8 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "This figure appears to have been cut down from a larger canvas of sketches, published in the Renoir c.r. (vol. 4, 2012: no. 3216). See curatorial file.", "Images": [ ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6676, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6676", "Disp_Access_No" : "1926.28", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Street Scene, Rabat (Une Rue a Rabat)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Azouaou Mammeri", "Sort_Artist" : "Mammeri, Azouaou", "Disp_Dimen" : "10 x 13 in. (25.4 x 33 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "10 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Ink", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Ink", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of George Blumenthal for the Committee for the Diffusion of French Art", "Copyright_Type" : "Under copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Rabat is in Morocco. A "marabout" was a term for a local holy man or ascetic. --KSchauber, Curatorial Research Ass''t, 5/10", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/26.28_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/26.28_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/26.28_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/26.28_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26586", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6684, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6684", "Disp_Access_No" : "1989.50", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1902", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1902", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1902", "Disp_Title" : "Geraniums", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Odilon Redon", "Sort_Artist" : "Redon, Odilon", "Disp_Dimen" : "19 13/16 x 15 7/8 in. (50.3 x 40.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "19 13/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "15 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Pastel", "Support" : "board", "Disp_Medium" : "Pastel on thin pasteboard with a fibrous blue-beige surface", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. James H. Lockhart, Jr.", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/89.50_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/89.50_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/89.50_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/89.50_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "18214", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print Master is Museum Print Editions Scan purchased by Store for production purposes. Access image derived from Print Master.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6834, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6834", "Disp_Access_No" : "1976.145", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1927", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1927", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1927", "Disp_Title" : "Pentagon (Fünfeck)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Vasily Kandinsky", "Sort_Artist" : "Kandinsky, Vasily", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 1/16 x 9 1/16 in. (28.1 x 23.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 1/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "9 1/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Watercolor", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Watercolor and ink on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Watercolor", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/76.145_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/76.145_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/76.145_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/76.145_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "39126", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6693, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6693", "Disp_Access_No" : "1957.89", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1918", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1918", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1918", "Disp_Title" : "Allegorical Self-Portrait", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Lovis Corinth", "Sort_Artist" : "Corinth, Lovis", "Disp_Dimen" : "12 3/8 x 9 13/16 in. (31.5 x 24.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "12 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "9 13/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet (irregular)", "Medium" : "Chalk", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Black chalk and graphite on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Thomas Corinth", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "German", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.89_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.89_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.89_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.89_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26593", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6694, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6694", "Disp_Access_No" : "1957.91", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1921", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1916", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1926", "Disp_Title" : "Illustration for "Wallenstein's Camp" ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Lovis Corinth", "Sort_Artist" : "Corinth, Lovis", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 9/16 x 6 7/16 in. 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(23.9 x 18.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 7/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet (irregular)", "Medium" : "Pen and ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Pen and black ink over graphite on tan wove paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Thomas Corinth", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "German", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.92_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.92_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.92_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.92_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26596", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6696, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6696", "Disp_Access_No" : "1957.93", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1919", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1914", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1924", "Disp_Title" : "Girl at Piano", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Lovis Corinth", "Sort_Artist" : "Corinth, Lovis", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 x 7 in. (22.8 x 17.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet (irregular)", "Medium" : "Crayon", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Crayon on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Thomas Corinth", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "German", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.93_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.93_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.93_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.93_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26597", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6725, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6725", "Disp_Access_No" : "1948.19", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1942", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1942", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1942", "Disp_Title" : "Two Mayan Worshippers", "Alt_Title" : "Adoracion de indios", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Alfredo Ramos Martinez", "Sort_Artist" : "Ramos Martinez, Alfredo", "Disp_Dimen" : "19 7/8 x 14 1/2 in. (50.5 x 36.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "19 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "14 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Brush and black ink over charcoal", "Support" : "tan wove paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Brush and black ink over charcoal on tan wove paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This print is related to a gouache on newspaper drawing in the collection of the Phoenix Art Museum.", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "Mexican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/48.19_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/48.19_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/48.19_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/48.19_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "17026", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6727, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6727", "Disp_Access_No" : "1948.32", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "20th Century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1900", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1999", "Disp_Title" : "Two Lovers", "Alt_Title" : "Dos Amantes", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Alfredo Ramos Martinez", "Sort_Artist" : "Ramos Martinez, Alfredo", "Disp_Dimen" : "13 5/8 x 16 3/8 in. (34.6 x 41.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "13 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "16 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Ink and graphite on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "Mexican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/48.32_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/48.32_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/48.32_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/48.32_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "17028", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6933, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6933", "Disp_Access_No" : "1947.25", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1946", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1946", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1946", "Disp_Title" : "Revelation", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Louis le Brocquy", "Sort_Artist" : "Brocquy, Louis le", "Disp_Dimen" : "7 1/8 x 6 3/8 in. (18.1 x 16.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "7 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "6 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Watercolor", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Watercolor, ink and wax", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Watercolor", "Creation_Place2" : "Irish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/47.25_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/47.25_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/47.25_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/47.25_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27536", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6941, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6941", "Disp_Access_No" : "1916.26", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1916", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1911", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1921", "Disp_Title" : "Eventide on the Colne", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "David Murray Smith", "Sort_Artist" : "Smith, David Murray", "Disp_Dimen" : "7 5/8 x 10 7/8 in. (19.4 x 27.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "7 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Watercolor", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Watercolor", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Artist", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Watercolor", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/16.26_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/16.26_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/16.26_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/16.26_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "37948", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7203, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7203", "Disp_Access_No" : "1949.81", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1922", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1922", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1922", "Disp_Title" : "Peat-cutting, Leba (Beim Torfstechen, Leba)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Max Pechstein", "Sort_Artist" : "Pechstein, Max", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 9/16 x 24 15/16 in. (47.1 x 63.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "24 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Watercolor", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Watercolor and black crayon on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Rudolph Hofeinz in memory of her son", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Watercolor", "Creation_Place2" : "German", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.81_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.81_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.81_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.81_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "24160", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7205, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7205", "Disp_Access_No" : "1949.82", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1921", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1921", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1921", "Disp_Title" : "The Red Bridge", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Karl Schmidt-Rottluff", "Sort_Artist" : "Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 3/4 x 23 3/4 in. (47.6 x 60.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "23 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Watercolor", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Watercolor on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "An inscription on the reverse locates this bridge in Regenwalde.", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Watercolor", "Creation_Place2" : "German", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.82_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.82_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.82_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.82_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14715", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7281, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7281", "Disp_Access_No" : "1931.29", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1904", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1904", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1904", "Disp_Title" : "Flowers", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pablo Picasso", "Sort_Artist" : "Picasso, Pablo", "Disp_Dimen" : "24 1/2 x 18 1/2 in. (62.2 x 47 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "24 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "18 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Gouache", "Support" : "cardboard", "Disp_Medium" : "Gouache, watercolor on cardboard", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Emily Sibley Watson", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Watercolor", "Creation_Place2" : "Spanish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/31.29_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/31.29_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/31.29_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/31.29_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "35306", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "These photos (master, print and access) were derived from post-conservation treatment photography (jpg) provided by Patricia Hamm, paper conservator, Fine Arts Conservation.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7518, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7518", "Disp_Access_No" : "1980.41", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1960", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1960", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1960", "Disp_Title" : "Black Beast", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Lynn Chadwick", "Sort_Artist" : "Chadwick, Lynn", "Disp_Dimen" : "40 x 79 1/4 x 28 in. (101.6 x 201.3 x 71.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "40 in.", "Disp_Width" : "79 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The British sculptor Lynn Chadwick trained and worked as a draftsman until after World War II, when he began to experiment with openwork metal in the form of mobiles. After taking a welding course in 1950, he moved to the production of solid sculptures in bronze. His primary subject matter during this time was the human figure; he also made a number of large-scale bronze sculptures of abstract aggressive, angular creatures such as MAG’s Black Beast. Although easily recognizable as an animal form, the roughened bronze lacks specific naturalistic features such as ears, eyes, and hooves. Chadwick focuses instead on expressing the beast’s massive, dynamic brute force through the sculpture’s surface texture and form. The areas of discoloration on Black Beast’s surface are not the original intent of the artist, but a result of the many years the sculpture stood in MAG’s old sculpture garden on the north side of the building. When conservation funds permit, the stained areas will be treated and the sculpture applied with a protective coating suitable for outdoor display. [Label text from It Came From the Vault exhibition, 2013]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Charles Rand Penney", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/80.41_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/80.41_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/80.41_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/80.41_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "39369", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7567, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7567", "Disp_Access_No" : "1960.16", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1921", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1921", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1921", "Disp_Title" : "Torso, Ile de France", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Aristide Maillol", "Sort_Artist" : "Maillol, Aristide", "Disp_Dimen" : "47 1/4 x 13 5/8 x 20 3/8 in. (120 x 34.6 x 51.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "47 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7742, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7742", "Disp_Access_No" : "1926.47", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1925-1926", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1925", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1926", "Disp_Title" : "Putto with Dolphin ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Putto with Dolphin: Reproduction of the original in the court of the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Andrea del Verrocchio", "Sort_Artist" : "Verrocchio, Andrea del", "Disp_Dimen" : "28 in. (71.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "28 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Samuel Gould in memory of her daughter, Marion Stratton Gould", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Metalwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Per a4/28/1926 letter to McKim, Mead & White, the fountain was provided by Howard Studios, Inc., in New York City. copy of letter in MAG Archives.", "Images": [ ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7751, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7751", "Disp_Access_No" : "1926.46.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1925-1926", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1925", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1926", "Disp_Title" : "Fountain", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Fountain: Reproduction of the original basin and column in the court of the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Italian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Italian", "Disp_Dimen" : "91 in. (231.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "91 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Marble", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Marble", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Samuel Gould in memory of her daughter, Marion Stratton Gould", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7769, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7769", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.118", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Pitcher with Panther Handle", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, European", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, European", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This is a modern replica of a pitcher found at Pompeii, now in the National Archaeological Museum, Naples. Identical pieces can be found in the sales catalogue of Sab. de Angelis & Fils, a Naples bronze foundry, around the turn of the 20th century.", "Dedication" : "Buswell-Hochstetter Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Metalwork", "Creation_Place2" : "", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.118_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.118_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.118_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.118_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25662", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7913, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7913", "Disp_Access_No" : "1992.56", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1902", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1897", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1907", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait of the Artist in a Black Gown", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Augustus Edwin John", "Sort_Artist" : "John, Augustus Edwin", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 3/16 x 8 7/8 in. (28.4 x 22.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 3/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "8 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "laid paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching and drypoint on laid paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Published by John Knewstub.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. and Mrs. James H. Lockhart, Jr.", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/92.56_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/92.56_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/92.56_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/92.56_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25608", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 8205, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/8205", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.21", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 1914-1916", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1914", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1916", "Disp_Title" : "Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pierre Bonnard", "Sort_Artist" : "Bonnard, Pierre", "Disp_Dimen" : "12 7/8 x 10 in. (32.7 x 25.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "12 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "laid paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.21_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.21_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.21_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.21_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13408", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 8381, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/8381", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.23", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1912", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1907", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1917", "Disp_Title" : "Mother and Child (Maternité)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pierre Auguste Renoir", "Sort_Artist" : "Renoir, Pierre Auguste", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 11/16 x 19 5/8 in. 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Norry", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Spanish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.12_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.12_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.12_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.12_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19267", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 9030, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/9030", "Disp_Access_No" : "1932.14", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1922-1923", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1922", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1923", "Disp_Title" : "The Three Bathers, III (Les trois baignèuses, III)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pablo Picasso", "Sort_Artist" : "Picasso, Pablo", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 15/16 x 11 1/8 in. 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(64.1 x 50.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "19 13/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "wove paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Drypoint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Spanish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ ] },{ "embark_ID" : 9033, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/9033", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.20", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1905", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1905", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1905", "Disp_Title" : "The Mother Dressing (La Toilette de la mère)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pablo Picasso", "Sort_Artist" : "Picasso, Pablo", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 1/4 x 6 7/8 in. (23.5 x 17.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "6 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "wove paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Spanish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.20_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.20_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.20_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.20_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29238", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Temporary Image do not use for web or print", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 9034, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/9034", "Disp_Access_No" : "1958.95", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1933", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1933", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1933", "Disp_Title" : "Bullfight II (Combat dans l'arene, course de taureau)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Pablo Picasso", "Sort_Artist" : "Picasso, Pablo", "Disp_Dimen" : "7 5/8 x 10 9/16 in. (19.4 x 26.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "7 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 9/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching and drypoint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Spanish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Paris 8 November XXXIII Musee Picasso lists a print of this date: Title: Suite Vollard L071 (Mort au soleil IV); Medium: Drypoint, scraping & etching on Montval paper, edition 250; Dimension: 20 x 28 [26,3 x 34.5] cm", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/58.95_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/58.95_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/58.95_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/58.95_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "39061", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 9047, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/9047", "Disp_Access_No" : "1960.51", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1900", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1900", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1900", "Disp_Title" : "Maja von Heijne", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Anders Zorn", "Sort_Artist" : "Zorn, Anders", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 5/16 x 12 3/16 in. (46.5 x 31 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 5/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "12 3/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching ", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Women's Council", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Swedish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/60.51_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/60.51_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/60.51_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/60.51_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25576", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 10405, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/10405", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.21", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1930", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1925", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1935", "Disp_Title" : "The Soil of Postwar Capitalist "Prosperity" ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Russian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Russian", "Disp_Dimen" : "20 x 13 5/8 in. (50.8 x 34.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "20 in.", "Disp_Width" : "13 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The caption in the lower border is from the writings of Lenin. In translation, it reads "The bourgeoisie can still torment, torture, and murder, but it cannot stop the inevitable and--from the point of view of global history--imminent victory of the revolutionary proletariat." Lenin", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.21_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.21_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.21_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.21_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "32656", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11787, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11787", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "The Anti-Religious Alphabet ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1040; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. This young and cheerful boy, dressed in a Soviet military costume and carrying a school blackboard, plays the protagonist of <em>The Anti-Religious Alphabet<em>. Although he only appears in five of the posters, he serves as both role model for and link between readers and the Soviet anti-religious campaign. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.1_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.1_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.1_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.1_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27425", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11788, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11788", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Comrades, Clean out the Cult's Claptrap!", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1041 from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. The red color of the large silhouetted broom links it to the Soviet government, which, beginning in 1929, actively set out to close and destroy churches, bells and objects used in the practice of religion. Some religious objects, such as icons, crosses and bibles, were relocated in special anti-religious museums where they were displayed as artifacts of an ancient cult. Here, the broom sweeps the floor to remove an icon with an image of the Virgin Mary, a censer used in Orthodox religious rituals, a bible, and a chotki, or prayer rope used for saying repetitive private devotional prayers. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.2_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.2_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.2_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.2_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27426", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11789, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11789", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.3", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Believing is Bad for you, Badder than Booze", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1042; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. Recognized as a capitalist by his top hat and monocle, the sneering man at the top of the image sprays three figures with liquid from a pressurized canister-- perhaps one similar to those used to ferment alcohol-- labeled "religion." The three figures beneath are engaged in stereotypical self-destructive and frenetic, seemingly drunken, activities related to their religious beliefs. The colorful man at the left is probably a Mongolian who pierces himself with knives; the old peasant woman bangs her head on the ground while praying; and the <em>kulak</em>, or wealthy landowner, flagellates himself with a whip. [Gallery label text, 2004]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.3_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.3_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.3_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.3_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27427", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11790, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11790", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.4", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "The Lord's Law Lauds the Lords", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1043; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. The wealthy and fat capitalist, riding heavily on the back of a common man, points to a Bible opened to the words "Be patient." According to the anti-religious campaigners, the acceptance of Christian belief resulted in the enslavement of the masses, shown here by the whip that the capitalist wields. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.4_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.4_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.4_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.4_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27428", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11791, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11791", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Prohibit Prehistoric Peasant Prejudices", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1044; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. Along with the church, the <em>kulak</em>, or wealthy landowner, and the village priest were seen as key impediments to the Soviet anti-religious campaign. In this image, the giant silhouetted tractor, symbolic of the Soviet government by both its red color and the sign of the hammer and sickle, mows down a church as well as the <em>kulak</em> and the priest. The fields in the background, delineated by barbed wire, refer to the land owned by the <em>kulak</em>, who was the primary opponent to true agricultural collectivization. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.5_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.5_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.5_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.5_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27429", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11792, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11792", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.6", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "The Faithful Friars' Frequent Fasting ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1045; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. The fast, or sacrificial self-denial of food, is a traditional method of religious observance in most faiths. The irony in this image is clear: the priest who is in theory serving the faith and the faithful through sacrifice is in reality a glutton. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.6_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.6_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.6_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.6_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27430", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11793, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11793", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.7", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "The Saintly Spiders Sting the Stragglers", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1046; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. The old peasant woman on pilgrimage, a sack on her back and carrying a walking stick, travels along a path that connects at the far right with an enormous spider's web. The spider, his head crowned with the black headdress of a high-level member of the Orthodox clergy, lays in wait. As bait, he dangles religious icons as she approaches the web. Icons like these were purchased by the religious faithful at various pilgrimage sites dedicated to saints and miracles of the Church. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.7_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.7_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.7_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.7_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27431", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11794, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11794", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Substitute Science for the Sorcerer's Spells", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1047; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. In many Russian rural communities, peasants consulted the village sorcerer as frequently as they consulted the village priest. The toothless and unkempt man on the left-- the sorcerer-- is shown with various tools of his trade: a rat, a bone, seeds, and a candle. A bottle labeled with the symbol of the Russian Orthodox cross is probably holy water, linking the magic of the sorcerer with the sorcery of the church. The scientific alternatives to magic, including the "new bible" <em>Political Education</em>, a microscope, and a draftsman's triangle are shown on the right. [Gallery label text, 2004]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.8_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.8_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.8_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.8_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27432", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11795, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11795", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.9", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "The Jury's Judgment: Jeers for a Judas", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1048; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. The religious faith and passive resistance movement of Mahatma Gandhi, the Hindu leader who was an activist for the rights of Indians under British colonial rule, was in direct opposition to the philosophy of the militant Soviet anti-religious campaign. On the left, Gandhi is shown with his hand outstretched, receiving money from the bejeweled hand of a capitalist; on the right, masses of Indians carrying the Soviet flag with its sign of the hammer and sickle raise their fists in anger. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.9_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.9_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.9_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.9_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27443", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11796, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11796", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.10", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Blacksmith, Beat the Bells into Ballbearings", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1050; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. On January 30, 1929, the Presidium, one organ of the Soviet government, banned the pealing of church bells, and within the next three years, hundreds of churches were demolished or closed and looted. Massive numbers of bells and icons were destroyed; the metal was used to support industrialization efforts. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.10_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.10_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.10_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.10_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27444", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11797, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11797", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.11", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "The Lurid Lava of Loathsome Lies ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1051; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. The Soviet anti-religious movement was directed at all religions, including Judaism, Islam, Western Catholicism, and Russian Orthodox Christianity. The headdresses of the four figures spewing liquid from their mouths indicate that they are leaders within their particular faith: from left to right are a rabbi, an Orthodox priest, a mullah, and the Pope. The protagonist of <em>The Anti-Religious Alphabet</em>, armed with his blackboard and umbrella, shows how the power of education can counter and protect against religious propaganda. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.11_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.11_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.11_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.11_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27445", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11798, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11798", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.12", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "The Mass's Martyrs Meet the Might of the Masses", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1052; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. This image juxtaposes stragglers going to church, seduced by the holy relics of martyrs, with the massive numbers of workers heading into a factory. The powerful factory whistle blasts its call to labor; the fractured and broken lines around the church bell suggest the weakness of both its sound and effectiveness in an industrialized society. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.12_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.12_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.12_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.12_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27446", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11799, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11799", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.13", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "The Merry Monks' Mendacious Miracles", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1054; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. Icons-- images of the Virgin Mary, Christ, or holy saints-- are important devotional objects in Russian Orthodox Christianity. Because believers communicate through them with the divine world, they are sometimes seen as magical. Here, the magic is revealed as the outright trickery of the clergy. Although this image of the Virgin Mary seems to weep genuine tears, in reality a monk is pouring a bucket of water into a vessel attached to the back of the icon. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.13_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.13_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.13_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.13_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27447", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11800, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11800", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.14", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "A Proletarian Prayer for Pious Preachers", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1055; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. As in many other images from the alphabet, the Roman Catholic pope is shown as a dangerous figure; a large knife attached to his rosary substitutes for the traditional Christian cross. Here, however, the pope is unsuccessful in his mission: the large boot of the young anti-religious protagonist from <em>The Anti-Religious Alphabet</em> forcefully removes him from the premises.", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.14_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.14_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.14_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.14_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27448", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11801, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11801", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.15", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Pull the Plug on the Parasites' Paradise", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1056; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. In this image, the religious clergy of Western Catholicism are shown as propagandists at the service of capitalism. The shark-toothed man at the bottom of the image, recognized as a capitalist by his hat and monocle, holds a stick topped by a cloud labeled "Paradise." At the top of the cloud is Christ, who is stretching his hands out toward the people running to meet him. The offer of religious paradise to the masses, though, is shown here as a devious trap: the people are being forcibly driven to the edge of a cliff by the pope (recognized by his crown) and western monks and priests (recognized by their costume and the cross of Western Christianity). The gap between the edge of the cliff and paradise is too wide, and they fall directly into the mouth of the capitalist. [Gallery label text, 2004]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.15_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.15_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.15_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.15_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27449", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11802, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11802", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.16", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Sacred Stories are So Silly! ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1057; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. Although our protagonist is clearly reading, which is the point of learning the alphabet, he is also laughing at the religious stories he finds in the Bible. The premise of the Soviet educational movement can be summarized with another well-used slogan of the time: "Literacy: The Path to Communism." Students were expected to read selectively in a way that would advance the industrialization of society and the principles of atheist materialism.", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.16_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.16_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.16_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.16_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27450", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11803, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11803", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.17", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "That's the Way to Till, Comrade Tractor!", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#x1058; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. In the Russian countryside, the <em>kulak</em>, or wealthy landowner, the village priest, and elderly peasant women who persisted in their religious beliefs were considered the three holdouts to both the Soviet anti-religious campaign and the move toward collective farming and industrialization. Here, despite the three characters' attempts at restraining the tiller, the tractor going around the circumference of the circle clears the <em>kulak</em>'s land of individual plots, replacing them with a single one filled with golden wheat. The word "collectivization" is written on the tiller. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.17_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.17_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.17_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.17_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27451", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11804, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11804", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.18", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Sack the Saints-Sow the Seeds ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1059; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. Russian peasants frequently planted their crops based on a belief in superstitions and the power of divine forces rather than scientific methods. This image juxtaposes the old way of farming with the new and technologically advanced. On the left, two saints identified by their halos as Nicholas and Elijah are watering wilted crops and swinging a censer used in church rituals. On the right, a full field of healthy wheat serves as a backdrop to a book with the words "Agrotechnology" and "Fertilizers." The drawing is of a Machine Tractor Station (MTC). ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.18_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.18_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.18_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.18_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27452", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11806, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11806", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.19", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Ford's Factories are Fascist Forts ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1060; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. In this image, which addresses the threat of Nazi Germany to the Soviet Union, the hat of the American icon Uncle Sam is crowned with a Nazi swastika. The soldiers on the brim of the hat fire machine guns into the populace on the ground. The figure of Uncle Sam holds a Bible open to a page that assures "All men are brothers." The caption for this image refers to Henry Ford, the founder of the American automotive industry and one of the wealthiest businessmen in the world. In 1931, Ford, a staunch supporter of Hitler, established a factory in Cologne, Germany, which, along with the factories of General Motors, provided many of the trucks that eventually motorized the Nazi attempt to conquer Europe. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.19_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.19_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.19_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.19_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27453", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11807, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11807", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.20", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Waving the Word While Wielding the Whip", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1061; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. An important tenet of the anti-religious movement was the intertwined relationship between Christian beliefs and capitalism, a relationship that was dangerous to the freedom of the common man. In this image, a slave, perhaps from one of the African or Caribbean nations colonized by Europeans, is chained and whipped by the wealthy capitalist. A Franciscan friar, symbolizing the missionary preachers of the Catholic Church, displays a Bible opened to the words "love one another." Men bent over from the weight of their burdens are seen in the background. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.20_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.20_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.20_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.20_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27454", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11808, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11808", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.21", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Churches are Chains that Choke and Chafe", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1062; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. The Soviet anti-religious campaigners believed that the common man was enslaved by the church, and that his freedom could only be obtained by embracing the doctrine of atheist communism. The man in this image, blindfolded and chained to the dome of a church, wears the traditional tunic and hairstyle of a Russian peasant. The cross that he wears on the chain around his neck is the same one that extends from the top of the church dome. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.21_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.21_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.21_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.21_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27455", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11809, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11809", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.22", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Read it Loud and Clear! Rosaries are Rubbish!", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1063; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. Like the rosaries of Roman Catholicism, the <em>chotki</em>, or prayer ropes, of Russian Orthodox Christianity are strings of beads used by the religious faithful to recite a series of predetermined prayers. Because of the Western rather than Orthodox cross on the end of the beads, this image could refer to the Roman pope's mandate for Catholics to say the Rosary "for the conversion of Russia," which was seen as a symbol of western aggression by the Soviet anti-religious campaign. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.22_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.22_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.22_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.22_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27456", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11810, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11810", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.23", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Pierce the Pack of Priestly Pretenders ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1064; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. Armed with a shield in the form of the journal <em>The Godless</em>, the official publication of the activist "League of the Militant Godless," our young protagonist aggressively attacks the figureheads of the key religions seen as threats to the Soviet government. Seen from left to right are a mullah, the Pope, a Russian Orthodox priest, a shaman (shamanism was still practiced among Siberian tribes), and a rabbi. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.23_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.23_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.23_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.23_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27457", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11811, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11811", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.24", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Tongs! Trim Their Twisted Tentacles! ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1065; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. By the time the <em>Anti-Religious Alphabet</em> was produced in 1932, Adolph Hitler's rise to power was almost complete. Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany in January 1933; his regime immediately implemented the mass arrests of communists and socialists, imprisoning them in the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau. In this image, an enormous yellow one-eyed octopus, its top hat marked with a Nazi swastika, stretches four bristled tentacles across a map of Europe. At the end of each tentacle is a figure that symbolizes both real and perceived threats to the Soviet Union. From left to right are a Japanese soldier, a member of the out-of-favor Soviet Socialist Democratic Party, another soldier (nationality unknown), and a member of the Russian Orthodox clergy. By snipping the tentacles at the source of the threat, the giant red pincers halt both the internal and external threats to the Soviet government. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.24_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.24_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.24_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.24_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27458", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11812, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11812", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.25", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Extract the Exploiters with Electric Excavators", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1069; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. The electrification of the countryside, intended to defeat the ignorance of the populace by bringing agricultural communities into the Machine Age, was a primary goal of the Soviet government. Here, the electric excavator forcefully removes two of the key opponents to the Soviet effort: the <em>kulak</em>, or wealthy landowner, and the low-level village priest. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.25_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.25_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.25_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.25_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27459", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11813, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11813", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.26", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "How Humble, How Holy He is! ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1070; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. One of the key changes that the Soviet government made to agriculture was to replace individual land ownership with the collective farm, or <em>kolkhoz</em>. Here, the fist at the right, crowned with the cap of the <em>kulak</em>, or rich landowner, manipulates a village "holy fool" with strings like those of a marionette. Holy fools traveled itinerantly throughout the countryside and were often seen as prophets of wisdom. Here, the holy fool is crying out to an old peasant woman "Don't join the <em>kolkhoz</em>," which was the obvious desire of the <em>kulak</em>. The artist Cheremnykh used word play to strengthen the imagery: in Russian, <em>kulak</em> is also the word for fist. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.26_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.26_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.26_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.26_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27460", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 11814, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/11814", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.20.27", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1932", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Vile and Virulent is the Viper's Venom", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "The letter &#1071; from The Anti-Religious Alphabet", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh", "Sort_Artist" : "Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 7/8 x 10 5/8 in. (37.8 x 27 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet/ image", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "2ply board", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From a portfolio of 27 prints. Pope Pius XI, the leader of the Catholic Church at the time Cheremnykh designed <em>The Anti-Religious Alphabet</em>, was openly critical of the atheistic doctrine of the Soviet Union. He condemned communism as the most persistent enemy of Christianity, calling it a "satanic scourge" from which the common man must be saved. The pope was seen as a grave threat to Soviet society; this image presents Pius XI's words as a writhing, dangerous snake waiting to strike. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.20.27_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.20.27_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.20.27_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.20.27_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27461", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 13868, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/13868", "Disp_Access_No" : "1945.78.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "20th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1900", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1999", "Disp_Title" : "Flounce", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, French", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, French", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 1/4 x 134 in. (36.2 x 340.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "134 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Lace", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Black Chantilly lace", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. J.S. Watson", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Textiles", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "During 2005/2006 textile storage inventory two pieces of lace found with sewn labels 45.78. This object was measured and determined to be .2 even though the catalog card shows .2 dimensions as 4 yards x 6 1/2". The (rough) dimensions of this object taken on 2/15/06 are 134" x 14 1/4". Even though these clearly don''t match those dimensions listed on the catalog card, the .1 and .2 are exact matches in pattern, and both already had sewn tags of 45.78. At this time a sewn tag of 45.78.2 was attached to the original sewn tag. Jessica Marten, Assistant Curator", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/45.78.2_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/45.78.2_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/45.78.2_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/45.78.2_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26311", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }