Mrs. William Provis of Bath
29 1/2 x 24 in. (74.9 x 61 cm)
Thomas R. A. Gainsborough
(Sudbury, England, 1727 - 1788, London)
Medium and Support:
Oil on canvas
George Eastman Collection of the University of Rochester
Location: Not currently on view
George Eastman Collection
A founding member of the Royal Academy, Thomas R. A. Gainsborough was a premier 18th-century English portraitist whose upward trajectory to fame began with a strategic move to Bath, a town with many portrait-commissioning British gentry. This particular portrait captures Bath resident Ann Pigott in her lonely and isolated youth. At 17, she married a much older William Provis and was left alone and childless while he lived at his country estate. As British gentry were selling family art collections in face of financial strain from estate taxes implemented in 1894, newly-wealthy Americans were building art collections. George Eastman acquired this portrait in 1912 in that manner and later bequeathed it to the University of Rochester.[
Label text from It Came From the Vault exhibition, 2013]
The sitter (ca. 1745-1813); to her daughter, Ann Pigott (1790-1854); to her husband's grandson, Cecil Hugh Pigott (1860-1893); to his wife at his death, Mary Agnes Smyth-Pigott (1856-1947); her anonymous sale, Christie's, London, May 19, 1911, lot 88; Colnaghi, London (dealer) and M. Knoedler, New York (dealer), May 27, 1911, book 5, stock no. 12440; Roebel and Reinhardt Galleries, Milwaukee WI, June 28, 1911; George Eastman (1854-1932), Rochester, NY, purchased 1912; his bequest to the University of Rochester, 1932; transferred to the Gallery in 1978
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This object was included in the following exhibitions:
This object has the following bibliographic references:
Article Title: A Group of Eighteenth Century Portraits.
Article Scope: Article.
Memorial Art Gallery.
Rochester, New York: Memorial Art Gallery, 1935-1995.
Volume Number: 5,
Issue Number: 3.
Issue Date: December 1939-January 1940.
Page Number: 2-3
Article Scope: Entry and reproduction.
Donald Rosenthal, ed.
The George Eastman Collection.
Rochester, New York: University of Rochester Press, 1979.
Article Scope: Mention.
Magnum Opus: The Story of the Memorial Art Gallery, 1913-1988.
Rochester, NY: Memorial Art Gallery, 1988.
John D. Morse.
Old master paintings in North America: over 3000 masterpieces by 50 great artists .
New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1979.
Article Scope: Catalogue Raisonné Entry.
Thomas Gainsborough: The Portraits, Fancy Pictures and Copies after Old Masters.
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2019.
Volume Number: 2
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