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The Martyrdom of St. Ludmilla

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The Martyrdom of St. Ludmilla

32 x 39 5/16 in. (81.3 x 99.8 cm)

Gabriel Cornelius Ritter von Max
German (Prague, Czechia, 1840 – 1915, Munich, Germany)

Object Type: Painting
Medium and Support: Oil on canvas
Credit Line: Marion Stratton Gould Fund
Accession Number: 2015.12
Location: Currently on view
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Gabriel Cornelius Ritter von Max was born in Prague and studied at the academies of Prague, Vienna, and Munich. St. Ludmilla, one of his earliest works, demonstrates the sensual otherworldliness for which he was known. These early pictures, controversial and admired by both critics and the public, often show young women experiencing or having just passed through an ecstatic state.

This painting illustrates the death of Ludmilla, one of the main saints of the city of Prague. According to tradition, Ludmilla was married to the Duke of Bohemia. She was a devout Christian whose pious example inspired her son, Wratislaus, to entrust her with raising his two sons. By doing so, Wratislaus deeply offended his wife, Drahomia, who, after her husband’s death, hired assassins to kill her mother-in-law in order to seize political control. The assassins came to Ludmilla’s room while she was in prayer and strangled her with her own veil.

Max’s representation depicts the moment between life and death. Dressed in a white gown, Ludmilla lays sprawled against the base of her bed. Her left hand still clutches the black veil with which she was strangled. Her prayer book remains open on its stand, on top of the desk to her left.

[Gallery label, 2015]

William P. Wilstach (c. 1816-1870), Philadelphia PA, by 1870; to his wife Anna H. Wilstach (c. 1822-1892) at his death; her bequest to the Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, 1892; part of the W. P. Wilstach Collection, Memorial Hall, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, 1893-1928 (inventory no. W 93170), until incorporated into the collection of The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia; deaccessioned by them in 1954 and sold through Samuel T. Freeman & Co., Philadelphia, October 29-30, 1954 in the Wilstach Collection sale (lot 128); purchased at that sale by Walter Stuempfig (1914-1970), Gwynedd Valley, PA; by descent through his family; sold by them in 2013 through Freeman’s European Art & Old Masters, June 18, 2013 (Lot 153); purchased at that sale by Lawrence Steigrad Fine Arts, New York, New York.

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