{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 192, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/192", "Disp_Access_No" : "1934.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "before 1831", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1821", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1830", "Disp_Title" : "Colonel Nathaniel Rochester", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "American artist", "Sort_Artist" : "American artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "30 x 25 in. (76.2 x 63.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "30 in.", "Disp_Width" : "25 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Long celebrated as our city’s founder, Nathaniel Rochester (1752–1831) was recently discovered to have bought and sold enslaved people while he lived in Maryland. Not only did Rochester buy and sell enslaved people in the South as a business venture, he continued to own and profit from the labor of enslaved individuals after moving north. In fact, he did so until New York State law made it impossible for him to continue in 1827. This information makes evident how insidious and enmeshed slavery was in the business life of the early nineteenth century, even in the northern states. Many decades before Kodak gave us the snapshot, a portrait such as this one was a way for a privileged, white person of this period to capture their likeness for posterity. In comparison, the enslaved Black men, women, and children of Rochester’s household did not have their portraits painted. Their names, likenesses, and personal stories went largely unrecorded and most have not survived history—another example of the dehumanization of enslaved individuals during this period of American history. [Gallery label text, 2021]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Thomas J. Watson", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Conversation between Marjorie Searl and Holly Cumberland (Rochester family descendant) regarding acquisition and attribution of painting (December 7, 2009); Holly wanted to alert us to the book "Nathaniel" written by her grandfather, Rochester Rogers, whose son Nathaniel died of throat cancer in 1945. In the book, Rogers alludes to the painting of Nathaniel Rochester, and that it was acquired for MAG by Thomas Watson. Holly''s contention is that Thomas Watson bought the painting believing that it was by Audubon, and that as Rochester Rogers and Thomas Watson were friends, there would have been ample opportunity for Watson to have ascertained from his friend Rogers that it was in fact by Audubon. However, as I explained to Holly, it was Rochester Rogers'' sister Helen who strongly supported the Audubon attribution, so this comment does not change the fact that there is virtually no objective and external evidence pointing to this portrait''s being by Audubon, other than an anonymous inscription on the back of the painting.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/34.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/34.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/34.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/34.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12350", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }