{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 4888, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4888", "Disp_Access_No" : "1947.9", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1100-1470", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1100", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1470", "Disp_Title" : "Burial Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Chimú artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Chimú artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 5/16 x 17 3/8 x 9/16 in. (23.7 x 44.1 x 1.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 5/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "17 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Gold, silver and copper alloy", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Gold, silver and copper alloy", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This Burial Mask was created by a Chimu artist in the Chicama Valley on the North Coast of Peru between 1100 and 1470. Ruling from their capital city of Chan Chan, the Chimú state controlled a vast empire in the north and central coasts of Peru. They employed tens of thousands of artists, including skilled metalworkers that produced objects of precious metal for the nobility. Masks such as this would never have been worn by the living. They played an essential role in death and burial and were placed on the funerary bundle. These decorative masks helped indicate the rank of the deceased. The ornate, circular ear ornaments may have held actual feathers. The upper portion of the mask is decorated with puma heads and bent, stylized figures of warriors wearing elaborate feathered headdresses. Separate ornaments may have been attached to the mask near the eyes, around the nose and along the side of the face. The nose, which was raised in relief, has been lost. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "R. T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Metalwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Peru", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Precolumbian", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Note description in Betsy Brayer''s interviews with Herdle sisters (R:\Oral Histories\Brayer Interviews, tape 13): Gertrude Herdle: "We got it from this very interesting person. I don''t know how we met him. Baron von Schoeler, remember? Who had years of connection in Peru, and whenever his friend was in power in Peru, either as a president or as a deputy to the congress there, the government there, Baron von Schoeler would go down, and get out from the country some of the things that had been excavated from various pre-Columbian sites. He had a great collection in Peru of pottery and textiles, ... And several gold masks. ... He was a fascinating person but obviously, he was playing for all he''s worth with the political situation in Peru.... And we heard later on that he went down, unfortunately, his friends were out by the time he got down, so then he was immediately clapped into prison, and he was in prison for several years. But he got out some very fine things. One of the best things was the gold mask that we have. Which is a beauty. One of the ears was missing on it, remember? Able to find another one that could be turned around, upside down and more or less be fitted in with the other one. Isabel Herdle: But it''s repousse, so it''s, isn''t it, but it was in the wrong direction, but at least it fills in. ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/47.9_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/47.9_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/47.9_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/47.9_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15211", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }