{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 10476, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/10476", "Disp_Access_No" : "2001.27", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "October 1922", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "10/1922", "_Disp_End_Date" : "10/1922", "Disp_Title" : "Autumn Brook", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Bellows", "Sort_Artist" : "Bellows, George", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 1/2 x 24 in. (41.9 x 61 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "16 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "24 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "With his unflinching paintings of brutal boxing matches and urban tenements, George Bellows made a name for himself in the early years of the century as a central Urban Realist artist. In this later painting, "Autumn Brook," the modernist influence of expressive color, space and line is visible in Bellows’ lyrical painting of the countryside near his summer home in Woodstock, NY. [Gallery label text, 2007] "Autumn Brook" contains the archetypal elements present in Bellows's finest Woodstock landscapes, including water, rolling hills, mountains, animal life, vegetation, and a dramatic sky. Bellows's choice of vivid colors celebrates the magnificence of nature and the artist's joy at finding himself immersed in it. The active brush strokes prove his ability to paint with a controlled sense of abandon. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Muriel Englander Klepper and Marion Stratton Gould Fund In honor of Marjorie B. Searl", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2001.27_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2001.27_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2001.27_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2001.27_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13430", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 205, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/205", "Disp_Access_No" : "1947.13", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1914", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1914", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1914", "Disp_Title" : "Evening Group", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Bellows", "Sort_Artist" : "Bellows, George", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 x 30 in. (63.5 x 76.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 in.", "Disp_Width" : "30 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "board", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on composition board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This painting portrays the artist with his wife, Emma, and daughter, Anne, on vacation on Monhegan Island off the coast of Maine. Two neighbor children occupy the right side of the canvas. [Gallery label text, 2007] In the summer of 1914, painter George Bellows convinced his wife, Emma, to travel to Monhegan Island off the coast of Maine along with their young daughter, Anne. There, he hoped to paint more of the stunning seascapes he had worked on so successfully in past years. Evening Group depicts Emma and Anne on the left, the artist in the middle, and two neighbor children on the right. Based in New York City during much of the year, Bellows found that the harsh beauty of places like Monhegan Island provided him with subjects that contrasted dramatically with his acclaimed urban scenes. He first visited the island in 1911 in the company of his teacher and mentor, Robert Henri, and wrote enthusiastically to Emma: “The Island is only a mile wide and two miles long, but it looks as large as the Rocky Mountains. It’s three times as high as Montauk [Long Island] and all black and grey rock. Beautiful pine forests and wonderful varieties of all kinds…” In another letter, he lamented “my head is full of millions of great pictures which I will never have time to paint.” [Gallery label text, 2005]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Children" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "3002", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "Study for "Evening Group"" } ], "Curator" : "Note that the online catalogue raisonne lists the inclusion of this work in a 1926 exhibition at the Los Angeles Museum of Art, but an exhibition of that date that might contain this work could not be found.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/47.13_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/47.13_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/47.13_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/47.13_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12371", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42bellows1.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42bellows1.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42bellows1.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42bellows1.tif", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23028", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "CMYK tif image from Monroe Litho for Seeing America catalogue. Cannot be converted to RGB for web use without considerable color adjustment.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 3002, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/3002", "Disp_Access_No" : "1993.23", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1914", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1909", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1919", "Disp_Title" : "Study for "Evening Group"", "Alt_Title" : "The Family, Evening", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Bellows", "Sort_Artist" : "Bellows, George", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 11/16 x 21 3/16 in. (44.9 x 53.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 11/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "21 3/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet (irregular)", "Medium" : "Graphite", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Conté crayon and graphite on tracing paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "George Bellows was a remarkable painter who studied, taught, and lived in New York City. There, he often associated with members of the group of artists known as The Eight, led by Robert Henri. In 1911, accompanied by Henri, George Bellows made the first of several trips to Monhegan Island off the coast of Maine. On his last visit, in 1914, he was accompanied by his wife and daughter Anne, who are the two figures on the left of this drawing. The figures on the right are young neighbors, but the central figure has not yet been identified. While this drawing has an anecdotal quality in its depiction of friends and family, the artist's interest in composition, or the arrangement of forms, can also be seen in the heavily-drawn diagonal lines and the diamond grid in the paper that he used. Bellows used this drawing as a preliminary study for a similar painting that is owned by the Gallery, which underwent technical analysis at the Williamstown Art Conservation Center to determine what changes the artist may have made to the painting before his death in 1925. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Bennett Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Parent" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "205", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "Evening Group" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.23_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.23_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.23_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.23_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12519", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42bellows2.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42bellows2.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42bellows2.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42bellows2.tif", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23029", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "CMYK tif image from Monroe Litho for Seeing America catalogue. Cannot be converted to RGB for web use without considerable color adjustment.", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.23_I1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.23_I1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.23_I1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.23_I1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "27091", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 211, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/211", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1928", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1928", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1928", "Disp_Title" : "Boomtown", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Thomas Hart Benton", "Sort_Artist" : "Benton, Thomas Hart", "Disp_Dimen" : "46 1/8 x 54 1/4 in. (117.2 x 137.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "46 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "54 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Egg yolk and oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Egg yolk and oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early in his career, Thomas Hart Benton was involved in the American abstract movement, Synchromism. In the 1920s, Benton embarked on a style that incorporated Synchromist rhythmic line and expressive color with representational imagery of rural America. With this major shift in style, Benton established the Regionalist movement. Many consider Boomtown to be the artist’s first Regionalist masterpiece. [Gallery label text, 2007] Boomtown is one of the masterpieces of the Gallery's collection because of its impressive and unique depiction of an American landscape. When Thomas Hart Benton sketched this panoramic scene from a second floor window, the smoky fire on the horizon signified progress, not pollution. Borger, Texas was a boomtown that sprang to life in 1926 after a refinery company hit a gusher that produced 5000 gallons of oil a day. Benton is one of the three major American Regionalists (the other two are Grant Wood and John Steuart Curry), so called because most of their subjects were about life in the rural heartland of America. While Benton was not a fan of contemporary modernist painting, and in fact disdained artists who painted in the abstract style, he couldn't help but be influenced by the curvy and streamlined aesthetic of his times and the way in which artists were reinterpreting three-dimensional space. Consider the way in which the people, buildings and landscape are layered from top to bottom on the canvas, rather than being laid out carefully from front to back in the manner of traditional artistic renderings. [Gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12375", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Transparency rescanned at much larger size for publication as _P2 image", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.1_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.1_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : 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"Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.1_R5.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.1_R5.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.1_R5.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.1_R5.tif", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "37733", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5210, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5210", "Disp_Access_No" : "1966.27", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1903", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1898", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1908", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait of a Woman", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Kees van Dongen", "Sort_Artist" : "Dongen, Kees van", "Disp_Dimen" : "39 3/8 x 27 3/4 in. (100 x 70.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "39 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "27 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Irving S. Norry", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Dutch", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ ] },{ "embark_ID" : 396, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/396", "Disp_Access_No" : "1973.12", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1915", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1910", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1920", "Disp_Title" : "Beach at Blue Point", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William Glackens", "Sort_Artist" : "Glackens, William", "Disp_Dimen" : "25 1/4 x 30 1/8 in. (64.1 x 76.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "25 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "30 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Like many American painters, including Winslow Homer, William Glackens was an artist-reporter early in his career. He met Robert Henri in Philadelphia, shared a studio with him, and went to Paris with him in 1895. Upon Glackens's return, he moved to New York City. He exhibited with The Eight in 1908, and chaired the Armory Show in 1913. By 1914, he was devoting all of his time to painting, and espoused subjects like this one, colorful depictions of Americans at play. Many of his paintings reflect the influence of French impressionists, particularly Pierre Auguste Renoir. [Gallery label text, 2003]", "Dedication" : "Elizabeth R. Grauwiller Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.12_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.12_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.12_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.12_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12454", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 1714, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/1714", "Disp_Access_No" : "1989.59", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1942", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1942", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1942", "Disp_Title" : "The Opposition", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William Gropper", "Sort_Artist" : "Gropper, William", "Disp_Dimen" : "12 1/8 x 17 in. (30.8 x 43.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "12 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "17 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Print Club of Rochester, by exchange", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Parent" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "418", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "The Opposition" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/89.59_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/89.59_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/89.59_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/89.59_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27608", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk dated 1-16-05", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 418, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/418", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1942", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1942", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1942", "Disp_Title" : "The Opposition", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William Gropper", "Sort_Artist" : "Gropper, William", "Disp_Dimen" : "28 x 38 in. (71.1 x 96.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "28 in.", "Disp_Width" : "38 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Lawmakers were threatening to cut significant federal funding for the arts when political cartoonist and painter William Gropper satirized the United States Senate in The Opposition. Gropper wrote, “I have portrayed the type of representative that is opposed to progress and culture. The U.S. Senate…[has] such an influence on American life, good and bad, that it has even affected the artist and the cultural development of our country.” [Gallery label text, 2007] William Gropper was best known for his caustic commentary on the American political and social scene. He depicted realistic and identifiable subjects; The Opposition was one of a number of paintings and illustrations that came out of his 1934 assignment for the magazine Vanity Fair, to sketch legislators in action in Washington. Gropper made no bones about his distaste for politics and used his art to further his point of view: "I have portrayed the type of representative that is opposed to progress and culture. The U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives have had such an influence on American life, good and bad, that it has even affected the artist and the cultural development of our country. No matter how far removed from politics artists may be, it seems to strike home. Only recently one blasting speech of a reactionary representative resulted in not only doing away with the Section of Fine Art, but also dismissing the Graphic Division of the OWI [Office of War Information] and nullifying art reportage for the War Department." Gropper's start as a newspaper illustrator informed the creative processes of the rest of his life. His work retained his journalist's interest in issues of the day, giving it a particularly topical essence presented in a dynamic, expressionistic format. [Gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Children" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "1714", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "The Opposition" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12387", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 522, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/522", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1948", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1948", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1948", "Disp_Title" : "Summer Street Scene in Harlem", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jacob Lawrence", "Sort_Artist" : "Lawrence, Jacob", "Disp_Dimen" : "20 1/16 x 24 1/8 in. (51 x 61.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "20 1/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "24 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Tempera", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Tempera on gesso panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Jacob Lawrence chronicled the migration of African Americans from the South to the North in the first half of the 20th century. In Summer Street Scene in Harlem, Lawrence’s style incorporates the flattened surfaces, distorted shapes, and bold colors of modernism to capture the energy and vitality of life in Harlem, New York. [Gallery label text, 2007]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12514", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print Master derived from Digital Master for Seeing America Pachyderm project August 2008. Needs curatorial approval for other uses.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 1983, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/1983", "Disp_Access_No" : "1975.120.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1974", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1974", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1974", "Disp_Title" : "The 1920's... The Migrants Arrive and Cast Their Ballots", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jacob Lawrence", "Sort_Artist" : "Lawrence, Jacob", "Disp_Dimen" : "34 3/8 x 26 in. (87.3 x 66 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "34 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "26 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Printer''s ink", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Color serigraph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In 1975, Jacob Lawrence and twelve other artists were asked to respond to the question, "What does independence mean to me?" The prints made by the artists comprise the Kent Bicentennial Portfolio: Spirit of Independence, commissioned in honor of the American Bicentennial. Jacob Lawrence's parents migrated from the south to New York City, so the theme of migration was one that had great meaning to his personal history. He said, "During the post World War I period millions of black people left southern communities in the United States and migrated to northern cities. This migration reached its peak during the 1920's. Among the many advantages the migrants found in the north was the freedom to vote. In my print, migrants are represented expressing that freedom." [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Lorillard, New York", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "This print was also published as a poster. ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/75.120.8_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/75.120.8_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/75.120.8_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/75.120.8_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19161", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 553, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/553", "Disp_Access_No" : "1945.70", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1938", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1938", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1938", "Disp_Title" : "Ice Cream Cones", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Reginald Marsh", "Sort_Artist" : "Marsh, Reginald", "Disp_Dimen" : "24 x 30 in. (61 x 76.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "24 in.", "Disp_Width" : "30 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Egg tempera", "Support" : "board", "Disp_Medium" : "Egg tempera on composition board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of a Friend of the Gallery", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/45.70_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/45.70_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/45.70_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/45.70_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12370", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print master derived 11/23/09 by Lu Harper for Seeing America lesson plans. Needs to be okayed by Curatorial for any other use.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 3891, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/3891", "Disp_Access_No" : "1998.74", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1907", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1907", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1907", "Disp_Title" : "Sunday Morning", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jerome Myers", "Sort_Artist" : "Myers, Jerome", "Disp_Dimen" : "37 1/2 x 44 1/2 in. (95.3 x 113 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "37 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "44 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "with frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Jerome Myers said of his art, “I went to the gutter for my subject, but they were poetic gutters.” [Gallery label text, 2007] Jerome Myers was called "the gentle poet of the slums" for his compassionate images of immigrant life in New York's Lower East Side. Myers recorded the unglamorous, yet commonplace aspects of city life, as did fellow painters John Sloan and Robert Henri, members of The Eight or the Ashcan School. However, his vision of the city's poor never evoked a sense of wretchedness: "Why catch humanity by the shirt-tail," he said, "when I could see more pleasant things?" Though tame to us today, paintings like Sunday Morning were considered progressive, even "revolutionary" when they were painted, because of their subject matter. However, when it came to exhibiting with The Eight, Robert Henri didn't think that Myers's work was forceful enough. As a founder of the innovative American Association of Painters and Sculptors in 1911, Myers helped to pave the way for the watershed 1913 Armory Show in New York City, the exhibition that introduced European modernism to an enthusiastic but occasionally bewildered public. [Gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/98.74_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/98.74_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/98.74_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/98.74_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12547", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print Master derived from Digital Master for Seeing America Pachyderm project August 2008. Needs curatorial approval for other uses.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4910, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4910", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.107", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Crest Mask: Male Antelope (Chi Wara)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Bamana artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Bamana artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "40 9/16 x 2 15/16 x 13 9/16 in. (103 x 7.5 x 34.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "40 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, fiber, and metal", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In many cultures, gods and spirits take the form of animals. Selected for their physical or behavioral traits, features of different animals are combined to create mythical creatures whose symbolic powers are greater than those of ordinary beasts. This antelope crest mask combines the curved horns of an antelope, the curious snout and scales of a pangolin (a kind of anteater) and the squat body of an aardvark—all animals that dig up the earth. This makes the mask a fitting representations of Chi Wara, the supernatural being the Bamana believe taught humans to farm. Chi wara masks were worn in male/female pairs during dance performances in the fields that taught and encouraged good farming. Today, because of conversion to Islam and a variety of social changes due to westernization, the Chi Wara masquerade is now performed for entertainment and cultural pride. The small pieces of red cloth attached to the snout of this male Chi Wara may have originated in the woolen bandages imported by the French during the First World War. In Bamana culture, red is the color of danger and is often restricted to men of certain status. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Malian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28367", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28368", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28370", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "At the left, with 93.14 on the right. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 851, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/851", "Disp_Access_No" : "1993.14", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Crest Mask: Female Antelope (Chi Wara)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Bamana artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Bamana artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "30 1/2 x 7 5/8 x 8 in. (77.5 x 19.4 x 20.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "30 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, cane, shell, yarn and brass", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In many cultures, gods and spirits take the form of animals. Selected for their physical or behavioral traits, features of different animals are combined to create mythical creatures whose symbolic powers are greater than those of ordinary beasts. This antelope crest mask combines the curved horns of an antelope, the curious snout and scales of a pangolin (a kind of anteater) and the squat body of an aardvark—all animals that dig up the earth. This makes them fitting representations of Chi Wara, the supernatural being the Bamana believe taught humans to farm. The masks were worn in male/female pairs during dance performances in the fields that taught and encouraged good farming. Today, because of conversion to Islam and a variety of social changes due to westernization, the Chi Wara masquerade is now performed for entertainment and cultural pride. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Gift of Isabel C. Herdle", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Malian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28376", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28377", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28378", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28379", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On the right, with 69.107 on the left. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }