{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 14298, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/14298", "Disp_Access_No" : "2006.72", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Mask (lipiko) of Makonde Man with Incised Tattoos", "Alt_Title" : "Makonde Helmut Mask", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mozambican artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Mozambican artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood and paint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Masks like this come from the Makonde culture in Mozambique. Called mapiko (singular lipiko), they are worn by dancers who perform public masquerades in front of large audiences for holidays and important occasions in their villages. The dancers, also called mapiko, wear the masks on the upper half of the head in order to cover the ears, eyes, and nose. They are able to see through the opened mouth. These elaborate performances are part of a living tradition in which the styles of both mask and dance change continually. The abstracted human features of earlier masks emphasize their ritual and sacred nature. In particular, they refer to the importance of ancestral spirits attending and participating in these public masquerades. Over time, sculptors began to decorate the masks with unique facial tattoos that identify the wearer as coming from a specific region or tribe. [Forman Gallery, Summer 2015]", "Dedication" : "Transfer from Education Department", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Woodwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Mozambique", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.72_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.72_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.72_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.72_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "24241", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 14299, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/14299", "Disp_Access_No" : "2006.71", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1950-1960", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1950", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1960", "Disp_Title" : "Mask (lipiko) of Makonde Man with Incised Tattoos", "Alt_Title" : "Makonde Helmut Mask", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mozambican artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Mozambican artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 3/4 x 7 1/2 x 11 in. (24.8 x 19.1 x 27.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, human hair, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Makonde people are producing more masks and types of masquerades now than ever before. This living, thriving tradition favors innovation, so styles of mask and dance change continually. Masked dancers perform before enthusiastic audiences for holidays or important occasions in the village. This mask, from the 1950s or 60s is in the classic style favored by Makonde people today. The style and design of facial tattoos are unique to the Makonde and would have identified this face as belonging to a specific region or tribe. Most Makonde tattooing ended in the 1960s, so only the older generation wears the distinctive marks today. The specificity of the shaved hairline and the scar on the scalp near the left temple indicate that perhaps this mask was a portrait. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Transfer from Education Department", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Woodwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Mozambique", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.71_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.71_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.71_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.71_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "24242", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }