{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 4889, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4889", "Disp_Access_No" : "1964.111", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "mid 19th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1833", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1866", "Disp_Title" : "Raven Dance Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Kwakwaka'wakw artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Kwakwaka'wakw artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "56 in. (142.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "56 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood, pigment", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, pigment, cedar bark", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This mask represents Raven, one of the creatures most important to the Kwakwaka’wakw people. Known to be quick learners, aggressive defenders of territory, and very social with one another, ravens have been a respected clan emblem for centuries. Raven masks are worn during a portion of the hamatsa, an initiation masquerade for young men. Following a choreographed sequence, with beaks projecting upward and masks moving wildly from side to side, the hinged lower jaw of the mask is manipulated with a cord. When the cord is pulled, the mask responds with a loud clacking sound – the “hap, hap” of the birds’ voices – adding to the dramatic effect of the performance. Hamatsa is performed at Kwakwaka’wakw potlatches. Potlatches are traditional cross-clan celebrations including dancing, feasting and magnanimous distribution of gifts held to honor births, marriages, deaths and other changes in social relationships. Potlatches continue to this day, despite attempts to ban them by both the Canadian and United States governments in the late 19th century. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Woodwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Canada", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.111_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.111_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.111_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.111_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19265", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 2818, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/2818", "Disp_Access_No" : "1922.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Shaman Medicine Charm", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Tlingit artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Tlingit artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "6 1/4 x 2 1/4 in. (15.9 x 5.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "6 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Walrus ivory", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Walrus ivory", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The belief that humans can draw power from the non-human world is a framework that underlies many belief systems, and is especially strong in most Native North American culture groups. Shamans played an especially important role in this respect. Responsible for curing the sick, controlling the weather, guaranteeing successful fish runs, combating witches, and providing assistance during battle, shamans moved freely between the human and spirit world. Tlingit shamans often carried charms like this one. Each charm is unique and often includes a multiplicity of figures. This charm is in the form of a whale, with the rear assuming the form of a land otter, a highly powerful spirit helper to the shaman. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Henry A. Strong", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/22.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/22.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/22.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/22.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "15069", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/22.5_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/22.5_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/22.5_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/22.5_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25805", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }