{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 897, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/897", "Disp_Access_No" : "1986.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1918", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1913", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1923", "Disp_Title" : "Abraham Lincoln", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Grey Barnard", "Sort_Artist" : "Barnard, George Grey", "Disp_Dimen" : "21 x 11 7/8 x 14 7/16 in. (53.3 x 30.2 x 36.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "21 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Marble", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Marble", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/86.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/86.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/86.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/86.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12504", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 336, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/336", "Disp_Access_No" : "1986.134", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1970", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1970", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1970", "Disp_Title" : "The Dipolar Girls Take a Voyage on the St. Lawrence", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Roy De Forest", "Sort_Artist" : "De Forest, Roy", "Disp_Dimen" : "70 3/4 x 64 1/2 in. (179.7 x 163.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "70 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "64 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Acrylic", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Acrylic, polymer and charcoal on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Charles and Setta Odoroff in honor of Maurice and Minnie Odoroff", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/86.134_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/86.134_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/86.134_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/86.134_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12500", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Larger TIF also derived from TR1, 86.134_P2", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 356, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/356", "Disp_Access_No" : "1941.26", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1904", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1899", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1909", "Disp_Title" : "William H. Macdowell", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Thomas Eakins", "Sort_Artist" : "Eakins, Thomas", "Disp_Dimen" : "24 x 20 in. (61 x 50.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "24 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Thomas Eakins painted multiple portraits of his father-in-law, William H. Macdowell. Eakins’s sensitive portraits and genre scenes defined American realist art at the end of the 19th century. His art and commitment to realism were enormously influential to the artists of the Urban Realist movement. [Gallery label text, 2007] Thomas Eakins was one of America's greatest painters, whose realistic portrayals of people at work and at play have become icons of American culture. He immortalized many friends and family members by using them as subjects, among them his father-in-law, William Macdowell, an engraver and self-styled philosopher, whom Eakins painted and photographed numerous times. In the Gallery's portrait, Macdowell's aged face, rendered with scrupulous care and detail, emerges from a somber background. In this direct and straightforward manner, Eakins suggests Macdowell's strength of character and distinctive personality. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Originally purchased through R. T. Miller fund-- later shifted to Marion Stratton Gould fund. The reason could not be determined.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/41.26_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/41.26_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/41.26_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/41.26_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "38866", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Photographed in situ as installed; frame cropped out in Photoshop.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 447, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/447", "Disp_Access_No" : "1926.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1924", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1924", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1924", "Disp_Title" : "Tom Cafferty", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Robert Henri", "Sort_Artist" : "Henri, Robert", "Disp_Dimen" : "22 1/4 x 20 1/8 in. (56.5 x 51.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "22 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Robert Henri, the leader of the Urban Realist movement, sought truth in art above all else. Henri promoted this revolutionary idea in support of a uniquely American art. [Gallery label text, 2007] In addition to providing guidance and inspiration (as well as occasional financial assistance) to many artists, Robert Henri was himself a very fine painter. Wherever he taught, he gathered around him eager and enthusiastic students who benefited from his instruction. He moved to New York in 1900 and taught at William Merritt Chase's school for a few years. In 1909, he established his own school, and also taught painting at the radical Ferrer School established by former Rochesterian Emma Goldman. Although a member of the National Academy of Design, Henri actively promoted non-juried exhibitions and the work of younger, less traditional artists. Dictums such as "Know what the old masters did…They made their language. You make yours. All the past can help you" gave his followers the confidence to paint in their own way. During the 1920s, Henri lived in Ireland and painted a young boy named Tom Cafferty, who was the subject of this painting and a number of others. Characteristically, Henri painted him in a very loose and colorful style, with energetic brush strokes. [Gallery label text, 2003]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Granger A. Hollister", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "See May 2010 article in Apollo magazine about the McGlothlin collection in Florida, promised to the Virginia Musuem of Fine Arts; they own another version of this portrait which is titled "Listening Boy." KSchauber, Curatorial Research Ass''t See discussion of Henri''s portraits of Tom Cafferty and other Irish children in the Gerald Peters Gallery catalogue "Robert Henri: The Painted Spirit," 2005, pp. 29-31", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/26.1_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/26.1_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/26.1_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/26.1_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "33959", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "See other views on disk: MAG 100622", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5218, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5218", "Disp_Access_No" : "1924.38", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1922-1923", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1922", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1923", "Disp_Title" : "Girl with a Tricorne (Vénitienne)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Henri Matisse", "Sort_Artist" : "Matisse, Henri", "Disp_Dimen" : "24 3/8 x 20 in. (61.9 x 50.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "24 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of James Sibley Watson", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/24.38_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/24.38_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/24.38_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/24.38_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "16513", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 851, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/851", "Disp_Access_No" : "1993.14", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Crest Mask: Female Antelope (Chi Wara)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Bamana artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Bamana artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "30 1/2 x 7 5/8 x 8 in. (77.5 x 19.4 x 20.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "30 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, cane, shell, yarn and brass", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In many cultures, gods and spirits take the form of animals. Selected for their physical or behavioral traits, features of different animals are combined to create mythical creatures whose symbolic powers are greater than those of ordinary beasts. This antelope crest mask combines the curved horns of an antelope, the curious snout and scales of a pangolin (a kind of anteater) and the squat body of an aardvark—all animals that dig up the earth. This makes them fitting representations of Chi Wara, the supernatural being the Bamana believe taught humans to farm. The masks were worn in male/female pairs during dance performances in the fields that taught and encouraged good farming. Today, because of conversion to Islam and a variety of social changes due to westernization, the Chi Wara masquerade is now performed for entertainment and cultural pride. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Gift of Isabel C. Herdle", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Malian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28376", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28377", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28378", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28379", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On the right, with 69.107 on the left. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4910, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4910", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.107", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Crest Mask: Male Antelope (Chi Wara)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Bamana artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Bamana artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "40 9/16 x 2 15/16 x 13 9/16 in. (103 x 7.5 x 34.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "40 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, fiber, and metal", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In many cultures, gods and spirits take the form of animals. Selected for their physical or behavioral traits, features of different animals are combined to create mythical creatures whose symbolic powers are greater than those of ordinary beasts. This antelope crest mask combines the curved horns of an antelope, the curious snout and scales of a pangolin (a kind of anteater) and the squat body of an aardvark—all animals that dig up the earth. This makes the mask a fitting representations of Chi Wara, the supernatural being the Bamana believe taught humans to farm. Chi wara masks were worn in male/female pairs during dance performances in the fields that taught and encouraged good farming. Today, because of conversion to Islam and a variety of social changes due to westernization, the Chi Wara masquerade is now performed for entertainment and cultural pride. The small pieces of red cloth attached to the snout of this male Chi Wara may have originated in the woolen bandages imported by the French during the First World War. In Bamana culture, red is the color of danger and is often restricted to men of certain status. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Malian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28367", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28368", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28370", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "At the left, with 93.14 on the right. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7422, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7422", "Disp_Access_No" : "1965.9.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Twin Figure (Ere Ibeji)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Yoruba artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Yoruba artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 3/8 x 2 5/8 x 2 3/4 in. (23.8 x 6.7 x 7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, pigment, beads, cowrie shells, fiber, sacrificial materials", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The Yoruba have one of the highest rates of twinning in the world. Twins are endowed with powerful attributes, both auspicious and dangerous. Due to the high mortality rate of twins, when one or both dies, Yoruba mothers procure small wooden statues (ere ibeji) to house the spirits of the deceased. If there is a single ibeji, it is likely that one twin died and one survived. If there are two ibeji figures, then it is likely that both twins died. Wealthy women clothe their ere ibeji in beaded or shelled vests. Surface accumulation and signs of wear are common as ibeji figures are cared for in the same manner as a living child and are handled, clothed, washed, fed and honored with dances and songs. Lyrics from a Yoruba song explain how the care of ere ibeji can control the potentially negative influence of twins’ spirits, “Abuse me and I shall follow you home. Praise me and I shall leave you alone.” Subsequent generations inherit the care of ere ibeji from their ancestors. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Nigerian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.1_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.1_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.1_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.1_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25506", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.1_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.1_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.1_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.1_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25507", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25508", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7411, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7411", "Disp_Access_No" : "1970.22", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Helmet Mask (Waniougo)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Senufo artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Senufo artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 3/8 x 25 3/4 x 13 in. (36.5 x 65.4 x 33 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "25 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The sharp edges and angular forms of this double-faced mask (waniougo) result in a fierce and expressive presence. A fearsome appearance is desirable as waniougo’s role is to frighten away evil spirits wishing to harm a Senufo village at times of particular vulnerability, for example at funerals. Their appearance in nighttime masquerades enhances the otherworldly presence of these “firespitter” masks; embers or burning grass are held in front of the mouths through which the wearer blows to creating a dramatic shower of sparks into the night sky. Waniougo combines the features of crocodiles (teeth), hippos (tusks), warthogs (upper tusks) and chameleons (two are visible on the top). In order to empower the mask before the ceremony, the cup held by the chameleons is filled with magical materials and the mask freshly painted with spots. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Ivoirian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/70.22_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/70.22_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/70.22_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/70.22_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15068", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4914, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4914", "Disp_Access_No" : "1964.102", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Spoon", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Yaoure or Baule artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Yaoure or Baule artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "7 1/16 x 1 3/4 x 3 3/8 in. (18 x 4.5 x 8.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "7 1/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Gertrude H. Moore", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Ivoirian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "This was determined to be the same object as that catalogued as 61.16. As the information is filed and the object currently exhibited under the later number, it was decided to make the earlier record inactive and maintain this 64.102 record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.102_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.102_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.102_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.102_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25504", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.102_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.102_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.102_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.102_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25505", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7424, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7424", "Disp_Access_No" : "1965.9.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Twin Figure (Ere Ibeji)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Yoruba artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Yoruba artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 1/4 x 2 5/8 x 2 5/8 in. (23.5 x 6.7 x 6.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, pigment, beads, cowrie shells, fiber, sacrificial materials", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The Yoruba have one of the highest rates of twinning in the world. Twins are endowed with powerful attributes, both auspicious and dangerous. Due to the high mortality rate of twins, when one or both dies, Yoruba mothers procure small wooden statues (ere ibeji) to house the spirits of the deceased. If there is a single ibeji, it is likely that one twin died and one survived. If there are two ibeji figures, then it is likely that both twins died. Wealthy women clothe their ere ibeji in beaded or shelled vests. Surface accumulation and signs of wear are common as ibeji figures are cared for in the same manner as a living child and are handled, clothed, washed, fed and honored with dances and songs. Lyrics from a Yoruba song explain how the care of ere ibeji can control the potentially negative influence of twins’ spirits, “Abuse me and I shall follow you home. Praise me and I shall leave you alone.” Subsequent generations inherit the care of ere ibeji from their ancestors. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Nigerian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.2_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.2_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.2_A7.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.2_A7.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25509", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.2_A8.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.2_A8.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.2_A8.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.2_A8.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25510", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25511", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }