{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 633, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/633", "Disp_Access_No" : "1984.22", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1834", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1829", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1839", "Disp_Title" : "Old Woman with a Bible", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Ammi Phillips", "Sort_Artist" : "Phillips, Ammi", "Disp_Dimen" : "33 1/2 x 28 in. (85.1 x 71.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "33 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "28 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "linen", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on linen", "Info_Page_Comm" : "We take for granted the ability to record our families' faces. Even the likenesses of those long-dead are etched in our memories by their photographs. But before cameras and film, the only way to save a "likeness" was to create a life or death mask, draw or paint a picture, or make a sculpture. In rural New York State, many portraits were done by painters like Ammi Phillips who had a minimal amount of training. Their customers, in turn, passed paintings down through the generations until all too often, the identity of the sitters was lost. If we don't know whose portrait this was, and if Ammi Phillips was not an academically trained artist, why do we continue to appreciate this work and keep it in a museum? The directness of human spirit that these paintings convey combined with the intricacy of design and patterning create a work filled with the "visual delight" that we search for in a work of art. [Gallery label text, 2008] This woman’s identity has not been preserved, but we might speculate with confidence that she was a devout person, as her arm is placed so firmly on the Bible. Notice, too, how carefully the artist painted the fabric of her day-cap, the embroidery on her shawl, and even the tasseled trim of the curtains. [Gallery label text, 2008]", "Dedication" : "Beatrice M. Padelford Trust", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/84.22_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/84.22_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/84.22_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/84.22_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12492", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }