{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 14257, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/14257", "Disp_Access_No" : "2006.55a-b", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "19th Century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1800", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1899", "Disp_Title" : "Sabbath candlesticks", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Russian?", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Russian?", "Disp_Dimen" : "10 in. (25.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "10 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Silver", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Silver", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The Memorial Art Gallery recently acquired several outstanding examples of Jewish ceremonial art from the collection of Central Synagogue, the oldest Jewish house of worship in continuous use in New York City. All seven objects were made in southern Germany, a region important for the production of silver as well as the original homeland for many of the early members of Central Synagogue’s congregation. These beautifully crafted works of art represent a range of ritual objects used in Jewish religious practice. The importance of beautifying such objects is eloquently captured in the principle of hiddur mitzvah. This expression, which literally means to beautify a commandment, is biblically grounded in Moses’ words following the Israelites’ escape from Egypt: “This is my God, and I will glorify Him.” (Exodus 15:2). The collection includes ritual objects related to the celebration of the Sabbath, the spiritual focus of Judaism: a pair of candlesticks, a Kiddush cup and two spice containers. These were once used in the home, as was the Hanukkiah, an oil lamp lit during the eight-day celebration of Hanukkah. Also included is a Tas, a decorative and functional object that originally ornamented the Torah in a synagogue. The lighting of two candles marks the beginning of a Sabbath. The circular inserts at the top of these candlesticks are inscribed with names, one of a man, the other, a woman. These may have been engagement gifts, coming from the families of the bride and groom-to-be. [Adapted from gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Maurice R. and Maxine B. Forman Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Metalwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Russian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Two sets of marks on each candlestick. Three marks on base: A over C [or G?] P in script; oval with right profile head at left and 84 at right; what looks like two stamps over each other, one on top looks like [pi]C [=Cyrillic?] = Russian 1908/1917: kokoshnik [profile head with headband] facing right, with 84 zolotnicki [Russian measure, = 875/1000 parts silver] Around top of each: O.C. / 1889; 84 [with shape like house?]. One top much nicer—marks clearer; the other only partial marks, v. tarnished Are these marks Polish?-- O.C. is mark of Josef Sosnkowski, who was the assaymaster in Warsaw between 1860 and 1896. Warsaw was part of Russia between 1850 and 1915 BUT 84/head didn’t start to be used until 1908 when O.C. was no longer working Warsaw pieces should have city mark of imperial eagle with 84, not head—that’s St. Petersburg or Moscow Warsaw manufacturers also used their own initials and/or name as well as their trademark, sometimes resulting in a set of three marks: 1. maker’s initials (or name) 2. maker’s trademark 3. retailer’s name (or initials) ACP in script not found in listings of marks. When marks are mixed up, often fake, ESPECIALLY Judaica—often from later in 20th c.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.55a-b_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.55a-b_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.55a-b_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.55a-b_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "23241", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.55a-b_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.55a-b_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.55a-b_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.55a-b_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23242", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.55a_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.55a_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.55a_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.55a_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23243", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.55a_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.55a_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.55a_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.55a_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23244", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.55b_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.55b_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.55b_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.55b_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23245", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.55b_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.55b_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.55b_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.55b_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23247", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7639, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7639", "Disp_Access_No" : "1994.53", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1860-1900", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1860", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1900", "Disp_Title" : "Hanukkiah or Candelabra", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, German", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, German", "Disp_Dimen" : "26 1/4 x 23 1/2 x 9 3/4 in. (66.7 x 59.7 x 24.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "26 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "23 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Brass", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Brass", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Anonymous Gift", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Metalwork", "Creation_Place2" : "German", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Formerly T96-- source unknown, found in storage", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/94.53_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/94.53_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/94.53_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/94.53_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "16210", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 14261, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/14261", "Disp_Access_No" : "2006.51", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Torah shield (Tas)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, German", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, German", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 x 14 in. (35.6 x 35.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 in.", "Disp_Width" : "14 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Silver", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Gilt silver", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The Memorial Art Gallery recently acquired several outstanding examples of Jewish ceremonial art from the collection of Central Synagogue, the oldest Jewish house of worship in continuous use in New York City. All seven objects were made in southern Germany, a region important for the production of silver as well as the original homeland for many of the early members of Central Synagogue’s congregation. These beautifully crafted works of art represent a range of ritual objects used in Jewish religious practice. The importance of beautifying such objects is eloquently captured in the principle of hiddur mitzvah. This expression, which literally means to beautify a commandment, is biblically grounded in Moses’ words following the Israelites’ escape from Egypt: “This is my God, and I will glorify Him.” (Exodus 15:2). The collection includes ritual objects related to the celebration of the Sabbath, the spiritual focus of Judaism: a pair of candlesticks, a Kiddush cup and two spice containers. These were once used in the home, as was the Hanukkiah, an oil lamp lit during the eight-day celebration of Hanukkah. Also included is a Tas, a decorative and functional object that originally ornamented the Torah in a synagogue. The Tas was designed to hang over the staves, or side rungs that hold the scrolls, on the outside of the Torah. An interchangeable plaque indicates the place to which the scrolls have been turned; here, the plaque refers to Yom Kippur, one of the holiest days in the Jewish liturgical calendar. [Adapted from gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Maurice R. and Maxine B. Forman Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Metalwork", "Creation_Place2" : "German", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "See biographical information on the Troper family, the donors to the Central Synagogue, in curatorial file. Mark appears to be R under a pomegranate, which is Augsburg 1765-67, but that does not match date of work per Central Synagogue", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.51_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.51_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.51_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.51_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "23251", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.51_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.51_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.51_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.51_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23252", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2006.51_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2006.51_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2006.51_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2006.51_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23253", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 21691, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/21691", "Disp_Access_No" : "2009.4", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1871", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1871", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1871", "Disp_Title" : "Torah Pointer (Yad)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Roelof Citroen", "Sort_Artist" : "Citroen, Roelof", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 5/16 x 1 1/16 x 13/16 in. (28.8 x 2.7 x 2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 5/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 1/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "silver", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Silver", "Info_Page_Comm" : "A yad, which means “hand” in Hebrew, is a pointer used to facilitate the reading of the Torah and to protect its delicate parchment surface. Usually shaped like a long rod with a small hand and pointing index finger at one end, the yad assists the reader to track the Hebrew text, which is written without vowels and punctuation. [Gallery label text, 2010]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Dr. Martin and Carol Rosenberg and the Maurice R. and Maxine B. Forman Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Metalwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Netherlandish", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2009.4_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2009.4_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2009.4_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2009.4_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "33061", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }