{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 897, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/897", "Disp_Access_No" : "1986.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1918", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1913", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1923", "Disp_Title" : "Abraham Lincoln", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "George Grey Barnard", "Sort_Artist" : "Barnard, George Grey", "Disp_Dimen" : "21 x 11 7/8 x 14 7/16 in. (53.3 x 30.2 x 36.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "21 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Marble", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Marble", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/86.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/86.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/86.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/86.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12504", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 336, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/336", "Disp_Access_No" : "1986.134", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1970", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1970", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1970", "Disp_Title" : "The Dipolar Girls Take a Voyage on the St. Lawrence", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Roy De Forest", "Sort_Artist" : "De Forest, Roy", "Disp_Dimen" : "70 3/4 x 64 1/2 in. (179.7 x 163.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "70 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "64 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Acrylic", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Acrylic, polymer and charcoal on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Charles and Setta Odoroff in honor of Maurice and Minnie Odoroff", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/86.134_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/86.134_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/86.134_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/86.134_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12500", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Larger TIF also derived from TR1, 86.134_P2", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 356, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/356", "Disp_Access_No" : "1941.26", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1904", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1899", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1909", "Disp_Title" : "William H. Macdowell", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Thomas Eakins", "Sort_Artist" : "Eakins, Thomas", "Disp_Dimen" : "24 x 20 in. (61 x 50.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "24 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Thomas Eakins painted multiple portraits of his father-in-law, William H. Macdowell. Eakins’s sensitive portraits and genre scenes defined American realist art at the end of the 19th century. His art and commitment to realism were enormously influential to the artists of the Urban Realist movement. [Gallery label text, 2007] Thomas Eakins was one of America's greatest painters, whose realistic portrayals of people at work and at play have become icons of American culture. He immortalized many friends and family members by using them as subjects, among them his father-in-law, William Macdowell, an engraver and self-styled philosopher, whom Eakins painted and photographed numerous times. In the Gallery's portrait, Macdowell's aged face, rendered with scrupulous care and detail, emerges from a somber background. In this direct and straightforward manner, Eakins suggests Macdowell's strength of character and distinctive personality. [Gallery label text]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Originally purchased through R. T. Miller fund-- later shifted to Marion Stratton Gould fund. The reason could not be determined.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/41.26_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/41.26_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/41.26_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/41.26_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "38866", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Photographed in situ as installed; frame cropped out in Photoshop.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 447, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/447", "Disp_Access_No" : "1926.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1924", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1924", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1924", "Disp_Title" : "Tom Cafferty", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Robert Henri", "Sort_Artist" : "Henri, Robert", "Disp_Dimen" : "22 1/4 x 20 1/8 in. (56.5 x 51.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "22 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 1/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Robert Henri, the leader of the Urban Realist movement, sought truth in art above all else. Henri promoted this revolutionary idea in support of a uniquely American art. [Gallery label text, 2007] In addition to providing guidance and inspiration (as well as occasional financial assistance) to many artists, Robert Henri was himself a very fine painter. Wherever he taught, he gathered around him eager and enthusiastic students who benefited from his instruction. He moved to New York in 1900 and taught at William Merritt Chase's school for a few years. In 1909, he established his own school, and also taught painting at the radical Ferrer School established by former Rochesterian Emma Goldman. Although a member of the National Academy of Design, Henri actively promoted non-juried exhibitions and the work of younger, less traditional artists. Dictums such as "Know what the old masters did…They made their language. You make yours. All the past can help you" gave his followers the confidence to paint in their own way. During the 1920s, Henri lived in Ireland and painted a young boy named Tom Cafferty, who was the subject of this painting and a number of others. Characteristically, Henri painted him in a very loose and colorful style, with energetic brush strokes. [Gallery label text, 2003]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Granger A. Hollister", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "See May 2010 article in Apollo magazine about the McGlothlin collection in Florida, promised to the Virginia Musuem of Fine Arts; they own another version of this portrait which is titled "Listening Boy." KSchauber, Curatorial Research Ass''t See discussion of Henri''s portraits of Tom Cafferty and other Irish children in the Gerald Peters Gallery catalogue "Robert Henri: The Painted Spirit," 2005, pp. 29-31", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/26.1_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/26.1_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/26.1_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/26.1_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "33959", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "See other views on disk: MAG 100622", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5218, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5218", "Disp_Access_No" : "1924.38", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1922-1923", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1922", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1923", "Disp_Title" : "Girl with a Tricorne (Vénitienne)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Henri Matisse", "Sort_Artist" : "Matisse, Henri", "Disp_Dimen" : "24 3/8 x 20 in. (61.9 x 50.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "24 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of James Sibley Watson", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/24.38_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/24.38_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/24.38_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/24.38_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "16513", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5064, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5064", "Disp_Access_No" : "1968.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1731", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1731", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1731", "Disp_Title" : "Charles Gaspard Guillaume de Vintimille du Luc, Archbishop of Paris (1656-1746)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Hyacinthe Rigaud", "Sort_Artist" : "Rigaud, Hyacinthe", "Disp_Dimen" : "61 7/8 x 52 3/4 in. (157.2 x 134 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "61 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "52 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Next to the King, the archbishop of Paris was one of the most powerful men in France, and he surrounded himself with only the finest quality. Rigaud was the leading French portraitist of the early eighteenth century, often painting kings and royal families. His account book reveals that Archbishop Vintimille du Luc paid 3,000 livres (the French currency of the time) for this masterful likeness. The painting documents the archbishop's character and stature. The mild expression admirably suggests the conciliatory nature that made Vintimille du Luc famous for his diplomatic skills. Writing materials close at hand and a vest library in the background allude to his scholarly attainments and his work. His sumptuous attire, the exquisite workmanship of his desk and chair, and the theatrical backdrop of cloth are calculated to impress the viewer with the archbishop's power and wealth. [Gallery label text, 2008]", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Women's Council of the Memorial Art Gallery", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Per Barryte or Rosenthal, note on back of stretcher: “1655-1746 / Charles Gaspard Guillaume de Vintim. Du Luc, arch, de Paris, duc de St. Cloud, pair de Eveque de Marseille 1 juin 1684 a 1er fevrier 17 Archeveque de Aix (1ere febrier 1708 a 12 mai 1729) Archeveque de Paris (12 mars 1729 a 13 mars 17) Commandeur de l’ordre St. Esprit le 30 juin 1724 ce tableau aurait été peint par Hyacinthe Rigaud en 1731 [ ] un prix de 3000#”", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/68.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/68.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/68.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/68.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "17991", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "After conservation", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5049, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5049", "Disp_Access_No" : "1953.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1630-1635", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1630", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1635", "Disp_Title" : "Two Musicians", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Bernardo Strozzi", "Sort_Artist" : "Strozzi, Bernardo", "Disp_Dimen" : "45 5/8 x 47 7/8 in. (115.9 x 121.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "45 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "47 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This scene of a middle-aged lute player and young violinist illustrates many qualities of Baroque art. Both musicians look directly out from the painting, their eye contact and lively expressions establishing a sympathetic psychological relationship with their audience. A parapet that separates performer from spectator links imaginary and actual space; dramatic lighting, naturalistic details and richly saturated colors all merge to intensify the viewer’s visual experience. The meaning of Two Musicians leaves much to the imagination. The two figures here could suggest a contrast between naïve youth and experienced age; the violin and the lute both refer to ideas of balance and harmony. Concert scenes sometimes symbolize the sense of hearing or the idea of harmony and love. Whatever the interpretation, these paintings of concerts were, like the music they represent, extremely popular with their public during the Baroque period. As a young man, Strozzi entered a monastery where he painted religious subjects. After his father’s death, he was allowed to leave the monastery to support his mother; he refused, though, to return after she died and was forced to flee his native Genoa. In 1631, he settled in Venice, where he became a Roman Catholic prelate, or church official. He enjoyed continuous success as a painter for the rest of his life. [Gallery label text] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Per catalogue raisonne, one of eighteen versions of this scene.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/53.8_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/53.8_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/53.8_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/53.8_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "15969", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/53.8_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/53.8_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/53.8_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/53.8_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29168", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Scanned by Andy Olenick April 2009 from a 1999 transparency shot by James Via. Master exists only in TIF form, not DNG. On disk 090407", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 851, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/851", "Disp_Access_No" : "1993.14", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Crest Mask: Female Antelope (Chi Wara)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Bamana", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Bamana", "Disp_Dimen" : "30 1/2 x 7 5/8 x 8 in. (77.5 x 19.4 x 20.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "30 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, cane, shell, yarn and brass", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In many cultures, gods and spirits take the form of animals. Selected for their physical or behavioral traits, features of different animals are combined to create mythical creatures whose symbolic powers are greater than those of ordinary beasts. This antelope crest mask combines the curved horns of an antelope, the curious snout and scales of a pangolin (a kind of anteater) and the squat body of an aardvark—all animals that dig up the earth. This makes them fitting representations of Chi Wara, the supernatural being the Bamana believe taught humans to farm. The masks were worn in male/female pairs during dance performances in the fields that taught and encouraged good farming. Today, because of conversion to Islam and a variety of social changes due to westernization, the Chi Wara masquerade is now performed for entertainment and cultural pride. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Gift of Isabel C. Herdle", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Malian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28376", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28377", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/93.14_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/93.14_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/93.14_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/93.14_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28379", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On the right, with 69.107 on the left. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4910, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4910", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.107", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Crest Mask: Male Antelope (Chi Wara)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Bamana", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Bamana", "Disp_Dimen" : "40 9/16 x 2 15/16 x 13 9/16 in. (103 x 7.5 x 34.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "40 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, fiber, and metal", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In many cultures, gods and spirits take the form of animals. Selected for their physical or behavioral traits, features of different animals are combined to create mythical creatures whose symbolic powers are greater than those of ordinary beasts. This antelope crest mask combines the curved horns of an antelope, the curious snout and scales of a pangolin (a kind of anteater) and the squat body of an aardvark—all animals that dig up the earth. This makes the mask a fitting representations of Chi Wara, the supernatural being the Bamana believe taught humans to farm. Chi wara masks were worn in male/female pairs during dance performances in the fields that taught and encouraged good farming. Today, because of conversion to Islam and a variety of social changes due to westernization, the Chi Wara masquerade is now performed for entertainment and cultural pride. The small pieces of red cloth attached to the snout of this male Chi Wara may have originated in the woolen bandages imported by the French during the First World War. In Bamana culture, red is the color of danger and is often restricted to men of certain status. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Malian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28367", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28368", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.107_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.107_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.107_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.107_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "28370", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "At the left, with 93.14 on the right. On disk 090113", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5175, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5175", "Disp_Access_No" : "1936.4", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "11th century-12th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1000", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1199", "Disp_Title" : "Head of the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Cambodian", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Cambodian", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 x 8 1/4 x 5 1/2 in. (40.6 x 21 x 14 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "8 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Presented in memory of Dr. Ewald Eiserhardt by friends and students", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Cambodian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Khmer empire (802-1451)", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/36.4_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/36.4_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/36.4_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/36.4_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15949", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5179, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5179", "Disp_Access_No" : "1942.21", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "early 13th Century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1200", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1232", "Disp_Title" : "Bodhisattva Guanyin on Mount Potala", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Chinese", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Chinese", "Disp_Dimen" : "45 1/2 x 26 3/8 x 20 1/2 in. (115.6 x 67 x 52.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "45 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "26 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, polychromy, gold", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This aspect of Guanyin, enthroned on his legendary mountain abode, Potala, was especially favored in China during the 12th and 13th centuries. The figure is seated in a position of Royal Relaxation. Its rustic base, visible at the left, symbolizes a rocky ledge of the mountain paradise, from which Guanyin beholds with sublime compassion the sufferings of earthly beings. Public temple images such as this, gilt and richly polychromed, were often installed in an elaborate naturalistic setting. They combined the two concepts of the immutability of the Divine and the transitory nature of the world. [Gallery label text, undated]", "Dedication" : "R. T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Chinese", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 CE)", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42.21_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42.21_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42.21_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42.21_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "36505", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42.21_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42.21_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42.21_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42.21_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "36506", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42.21_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42.21_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42.21_A7.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42.21_A7.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "36507", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42.21_A8.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42.21_A8.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42.21_A8.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42.21_A8.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "36508", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7498, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7498", "Disp_Access_No" : "1949.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Court Lady", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Chinese", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Chinese", "Disp_Dimen" : "15 9/16 x 5 11/16 x 4 3/4 in. (39.6 x 14.5 x 12 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "15 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "5 11/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta, polychromy", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Chinese", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE)", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.1_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.1_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.1_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.1_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "34667", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.1_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.1_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.1_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.1_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "34668", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.1_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.1_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.1_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.1_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "34669", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/49.1_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/49.1_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/49.1_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/49.1_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "34670", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7490, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7490", "Disp_Access_No" : "1931.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "7th century - early 8th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "600", "_Disp_End_Date" : "732", "Disp_Title" : "Court Musicians from a Tomb", "Alt_Title" : "Musicians from a Royal Tomb at Shansi", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Chinese", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Chinese", "Disp_Dimen" : "8 3/16 x 4 13/16 x 4 13/16 in. (20.8 x 12.2 x 12.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "8 3/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "4 13/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta, polychromy", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of James Sibley Watson", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Chinese", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE)", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/31.2_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/31.2_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/31.2_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/31.2_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "34620", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7497, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7497", "Disp_Access_No" : "1948.90.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "7th century - early 8th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "600", "_Disp_End_Date" : "732", "Disp_Title" : "Dancing Court Lady (one of a pair)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Chinese", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Chinese", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 7/16 x 3 3/8 x 3 3/8 in. (24 x 8.5 x 8.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 7/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta, polychromy", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Chinese", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE)", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/48.90.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/48.90.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/48.90.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/48.90.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "34648", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/48.90.1_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/48.90.1_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/48.90.1_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/48.90.1_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "34649", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/48.90.1_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/48.90.1_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/48.90.1_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/48.90.1_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "34650", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/48.90.1_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/48.90.1_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/48.90.1_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/48.90.1_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "34651", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/48.90_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/48.90_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/48.90_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/48.90_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "34652", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "With 48.90.2", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5190, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5190", "Disp_Access_No" : "1974.83", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1100-1199", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1100", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1199", "Disp_Title" : "Bodhisattva Kannon", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Japanese", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Japanese", "Disp_Dimen" : "56 1/8 x 14 15/16 x 14 15/16 in. (142.5 x 38 x 38 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "56 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "14 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "with base", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, gesso, polychromy", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund and gift of a Friend of the Gallery", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Japanese", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Late Heian Period (898-1185 CE)", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Extensively restored; torso and head original. Probably originally part of a three-figure group with Buddha Amida.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/74.83_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/74.83_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/74.83_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/74.83_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25906", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4889, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4889", "Disp_Access_No" : "1964.111", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "mid 19th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1833", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1866", "Disp_Title" : "Raven Dance Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Kwakwaka'wakw", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Kwakwaka'wakw", "Disp_Dimen" : "56 in. (142.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "56 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood, pigment", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, pigment, cedar bark", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This mask represents Raven, one of the creatures most important to the Kwakwaka’wakw people. Known to be quick learners, aggressive defenders of territory, and very social with one another, ravens have been a respected clan emblem for centuries. Raven masks are worn during a portion of the hamatsa, an initiation masquerade for young men. Following a choreographed sequence, with beaks projecting upward and masks moving wildly from side to side, the hinged lower jaw of the mask is manipulated with a cord. When the cord is pulled, the mask responds with a loud clacking sound – the “hap, hap” of the birds’ voices – adding to the dramatic effect of the performance. Hamatsa is performed at Kwakwaka’wakw potlatches. Potlatches are traditional cross-clan celebrations including dancing, feasting and magnanimous distribution of gifts held to honor births, marriages, deaths and other changes in social relationships. Potlatches continue to this day, despite attempts to ban them by both the Canadian and United States governments in the late 19th century. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Woodwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Native Canadian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.111_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.111_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.111_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.111_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19265", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4868, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4868", "Disp_Access_No" : "1945.30", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "300-450 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "300", "_Disp_End_Date" : "450", "Disp_Title" : "Stirrup Spout Vessel: Frog", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Moche", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Moche", "Disp_Dimen" : "8 1/2 in. (21.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "8 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Peruvian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Precolumbian", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/45.30_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/45.30_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/45.30_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/45.30_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29777", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 2818, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/2818", "Disp_Access_No" : "1922.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Shaman Medicine Charm", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Tlingit", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Tlingit", "Disp_Dimen" : "6 1/4 x 2 1/4 in. (15.9 x 5.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "6 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Walrus ivory", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Walrus ivory", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The belief that humans can draw power from the non-human world is a framework that underlies many belief systems, and is especially strong in most Native North American culture groups. Shamans played an especially important role in this respect. Responsible for curing the sick, controlling the weather, guaranteeing successful fish runs, combating witches, and providing assistance during battle, shamans moved freely between the human and spirit world. Tlingit shamans often carried charms like this one. Each charm is unique and often includes a multiplicity of figures. This charm is in the form of a whale, with the rear assuming the form of a land otter, a highly powerful spirit helper to the shaman. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Henry A. Strong", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Native American", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/22.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/22.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/22.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/22.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "15069", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/22.5_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/22.5_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/22.5_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/22.5_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25805", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7386, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7386", "Disp_Access_No" : "1965.25", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Head Fragment", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Edo (Bini)", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Edo (Bini)", "Disp_Dimen" : "4 1/4 x 3 3/16 x 2 5/16 in. (10.8 x 8.1 x 5.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "4 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 3/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This small head fragment from the Benin culture in Nigeria is the oldest African object in the Memorial Art Gallery’s collection. It was a part of the great royal court art of Benin and likely represents one of the deceased kings (Oba) or attendants. The Benin believed the Oba was both a deity and a human ruler. The Benin kingdom was known for its very fine brass casting and this small clay head may have served as a casting form for a shrine figure. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Nigerian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.25_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.25_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.25_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.25_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25512", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7422, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7422", "Disp_Access_No" : "1965.9.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Twin Figure (Ere Ibeji)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Yoruba", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Yoruba", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 3/8 x 2 5/8 x 2 3/4 in. (23.8 x 6.7 x 7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, pigment, beads, cowrie shells, fiber, sacrificial materials", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The Yoruba have one of the highest rates of twinning in the world. Twins are endowed with powerful attributes, both auspicious and dangerous. Due to the high mortality rate of twins, when one or both dies, Yoruba mothers procure small wooden statues (ere ibeji) to house the spirits of the deceased. If there is a single ibeji, it is likely that one twin died and one survived. If there are two ibeji figures, then it is likely that both twins died. Wealthy women clothe their ere ibeji in beaded or shelled vests. Surface accumulation and signs of wear are common as ibeji figures are cared for in the same manner as a living child and are handled, clothed, washed, fed and honored with dances and songs. Lyrics from a Yoruba song explain how the care of ere ibeji can control the potentially negative influence of twins’ spirits, “Abuse me and I shall follow you home. Praise me and I shall leave you alone.” Subsequent generations inherit the care of ere ibeji from their ancestors. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Nigerian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.1_A5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.1_A5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.1_A5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.1_A5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25506", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.1_A6.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.1_A6.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.1_A6.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.1_A6.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25507", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25508", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5307, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5307", "Disp_Access_No" : "1954.39", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "300-900", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "300", "_Disp_End_Date" : "900", "Disp_Title" : ""Smiling" Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Remojadas", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Remojadas", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 in. (35.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Clay", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Clay", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Smiling figures have been found in abundance in the Remojadas region of Veracruz, Mexico. A flattened head, filed teeth and raised hands are their common features. Many more heads than bodies have been found, possibly as a result of ceremonial decapitations. These unique figures may represent laughing, happy people associated with a god of dance or music, or perhaps their smiles show the effects of intoxicants fed to victims before they were sacrificed to the gods. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "R.T. Miller Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ceramics", "Creation_Place2" : "Mexican", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Precolumbian", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/54.39_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/54.39_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/54.39_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/54.39_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "30505", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7411, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7411", "Disp_Access_No" : "1970.22", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Helmet Mask (Waniougo)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Senufo", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Senufo", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 3/8 x 25 3/4 x 13 in. (36.5 x 65.4 x 33 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "25 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The sharp edges and angular forms of this double-faced mask (waniougo) result in a fierce and expressive presence. A fearsome appearance is desirable as waniougo’s role is to frighten away evil spirits wishing to harm a Senufo village at times of particular vulnerability, for example at funerals. Their appearance in nighttime masquerades enhances the otherworldly presence of these “firespitter” masks; embers or burning grass are held in front of the mouths through which the wearer blows to creating a dramatic shower of sparks into the night sky. Waniougo combines the features of crocodiles (teeth), hippos (tusks), warthogs (upper tusks) and chameleons (two are visible on the top). In order to empower the mask before the ceremony, the cup held by the chameleons is filled with magical materials and the mask freshly painted with spots. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Ivoirian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/70.22_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/70.22_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/70.22_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/70.22_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "15068", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 8127, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/8127", "Disp_Access_No" : "1942.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "3rd century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "200", "_Disp_End_Date" : "299", "Disp_Title" : "Mosaic Floor Panel with Head of Tethys", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Roman", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Roman", "Disp_Dimen" : "50 1/4 x 82 1/16 x 2 7/16 in. (127.7 x 208.5 x 6.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "50 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "82 1/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Marble", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Marble, stone, glass", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This mosaic depicting the head of Tethys, a Greek goddess of the sea, was discovered in 1939 in the ruins of Daphne, a wealthy suburb of Antioch. Tethys may have been a special patron of Antioch, a wealthy and diverse seaside city located in Syria but founded by settlers from a variety of nations. Antioch’s central location on the coast of the Mediterranean, easily reached from Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, made it a crossroads of cultures, religions, and languages. Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s former generals, founded Antioch on the Orontes River around 300 BCE. Settled by Macedonians, Athenians, and Jews, it maintained its reputation as a sophisticated and multi-ethnic city for centuries. At its peak, Antioch was the third largest city in the world, behind only Rome and Alexandria. Rome annexed Antioch in 64 BCE and made it the Syrian provincial capital. Despite a sequence of political upheavals and repeated catastrophic earthquakes, Antioch and its suburbs remained luxuriant and lively, drawing from the best of the eastern and western worlds. The goddess Tethys, a figure from Greek legend, was also revered by the Roman citizens of Antioch. Born of Gaea, the earth deity, and Uranus, the god of the sky, Tethys was the wife of the sea god Oceanus, whose mythical river encircled the earth. She controlled the distribution of water throughout the streams of the world. She is often depicted with wings on her brow, possibly representing the winds that drove rainclouds. In 1939, an archaeological excavation in the area of Antioch uncovered the Tethys mosaic. It had been part of a floor in an opulent Roman-era villa in the luxurious resort town of Daphne. This mosaic was one of more than three hundred pavements discovered in the vicinity. They featured scenes of the gods, animals including fish and birds, and repeating decorative ornament. The Memorial Art Gallery purchased the Tethys mosaic from Princeton University, one of seven institutions participating in the project. The excavations ended soon thereafter, as World War II destabilized the region. The province of Hatay, which includes Antioch and Daphne, is now part of northern Turkey. Mosaics are designs made from tesserae, small pieces of colored stone or glass, embedded into a flat, prepared surface of damp concrete-like material. Although mosaics were first made before 1500 BCE, the Romans elevated the Greek art of mosaic, creating intricate patterns to cover floors of private homes as well as public buildings throughout the Empire. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "University of Rochester Appropriation for the C. Herbert Ocumpaugh Collection", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Mosaic", "Creation_Place2" : "", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42.2_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42.2_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42.2_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42.2_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12673", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/42.2_R1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/42.2_R1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/42.2_R1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/42.2_R1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "37667", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Image of the mosaic in situ, prior to removal, courtesy of the Antioch Archive, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4914, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4914", "Disp_Access_No" : "1964.102", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Spoon", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Yaoure or Baule", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Yaoure or Baule", "Disp_Dimen" : "7 1/16 x 1 3/4 x 3 3/8 in. (18 x 4.5 x 8.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "7 1/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Gertrude H. Moore", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Ivoirian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "This was determined to be the same object as that catalogued as 61.16. As the information is filed and the object currently exhibited under the later number, it was decided to make the earlier record inactive and maintain this 64.102 record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.102_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.102_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.102_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.102_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25504", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.102_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.102_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.102_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.102_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25505", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7424, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7424", "Disp_Access_No" : "1965.9.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Twin Figure (Ere Ibeji)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Yoruba", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Yoruba", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 1/4 x 2 5/8 x 2 5/8 in. (23.5 x 6.7 x 6.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, pigment, beads, cowrie shells, fiber, sacrificial materials", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The Yoruba have one of the highest rates of twinning in the world. Twins are endowed with powerful attributes, both auspicious and dangerous. Due to the high mortality rate of twins, when one or both dies, Yoruba mothers procure small wooden statues (ere ibeji) to house the spirits of the deceased. If there is a single ibeji, it is likely that one twin died and one survived. If there are two ibeji figures, then it is likely that both twins died. Wealthy women clothe their ere ibeji in beaded or shelled vests. Surface accumulation and signs of wear are common as ibeji figures are cared for in the same manner as a living child and are handled, clothed, washed, fed and honored with dances and songs. Lyrics from a Yoruba song explain how the care of ere ibeji can control the potentially negative influence of twins’ spirits, “Abuse me and I shall follow you home. Praise me and I shall leave you alone.” Subsequent generations inherit the care of ere ibeji from their ancestors. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Nigerian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.2_A7.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.2_A7.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.2_A7.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.2_A7.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25509", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.2_A8.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.2_A8.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.2_A8.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.2_A8.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25510", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.9.1-.2_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "25511", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4827, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4827", "Disp_Access_No" : "1987.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1792-1793", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1792", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1793", "Disp_Title" : "The Death of Richard II", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Francis Wheatley", "Sort_Artist" : "Wheatley, Francis", "Disp_Dimen" : "78 x 60 in. (198.1 x 152.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "78 in.", "Disp_Width" : "60 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Francis Wheatley was best known for his historical paintings, scenes of daily life, and portraits. He trained at the Royal Academy in London and became the director of the Society of Artists in 1774. Debts and an unfortunate affair with the wife of a colleague led to his abrupt departure from England to Ireland. He returned in 1783, when he began painting illustrations for works by contemporary authors. The success of these “painted illustrations” led to major commissions, including the one for this monumental painting from the print publisher Robert Bowyer. One of Bowyer’s most ambitious projects was an illustrated edition of David Hume’s "The History of England." It comprised not only a lavish publication, but the creation of a “History Gallery” for the public display of the original paintings. According to Bowyer’s prospectus, the paintings were intended “to rouse the passions, to fire the mind with emulation of heroic deeds, or to inspire it with detestation of criminal actions.” Wheatley responded to this challenge by depicting the more dramatic version of Richard’s death, in which he was beheaded rather than starved in prison. The theatrical gestures and expressions, lurid coloring, and bold brushwork serve to heighten the violent drama of the events. In the end, the project was a financial disaster; the paintings from the gallery, including Wheatley’s "The Death of Richard II," were sold in a lottery in 1807. [Label text from It Came From the Vault exhibition, 2013]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "English", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/87.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/87.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/87.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/87.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "17184", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4828, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4828", "Disp_Access_No" : "1987.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1792-1793", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1792", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1793", "Disp_Title" : "Study for "The Death of Richard II"", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Francis Wheatley", "Sort_Artist" : "Wheatley, Francis", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 1/2 x 11 1/2 in. (36.8 x 29.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "English", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/87.2_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/87.2_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/87.2_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/87.2_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "16970", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }