{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 7838, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7838", "Disp_Access_No" : "1974.78", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Yam Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Abelam", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Abelam", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 3/4 x 12 1/4 x 2 1/4 in. (29.8 x 31.1 x 5.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "12 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Grasses", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Grass, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Abelam yam masks were never worn by humans. They are so small because they were made to adorn the long yams grown by the Abelam people of Papua New Guinea. These long yams, which were not eaten, grow up to 6-9 feet and were exchanged between men as a form of community building. An Abelam man’s prestige was measured in direct proportion to the size of his yams. Special long yams with anthropomorphic features were considered living supernatural beings and were lavishly decorated with paint, feathers, shells, leaves, and masks, and then publicly displayed. The interlacing between solid bands refers to the caterpillar found on yam vines. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "New Guinean", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/74.78_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/74.78_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/74.78_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/74.78_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26803", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7828, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7828", "Disp_Access_No" : "1973.138", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Body Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Unknown, Papua New Guinean", "Sort_Artist" : "Unknown, Papua New Guinean", "Disp_Dimen" : "96 in. (243.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "96 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Cane", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Cane fibers, shells, feathers, pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In earlier times, masks like this one were used in traditional initiation ceremonies in which young boys became men. Skulls of ancestors sometimes adorned the masks to reinforce their role as benevolent ancestral spirits. The dancer would have looked out of the eyes of the lower face and treated as handles the holes hidden below the small patches of grass. As it was created in the 20th century, we know this body mask was made by artists specifically for sale. Even as social changes affect a culture, the traditional arts of a people can become representations of ethnic identity and potent symbols of familiar values and vaunted ideals of an earlier time. This mask was made by people living on the Sepik River, the major trade and communications artery of Papua New Guinea. Today, it is on the Sepik that most westerners experience Papua New Guinea as cruise lines travel up and down the river, stopping at villages where local artists sell their work. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Basketry", "Creation_Place2" : "New Guinean", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.138_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.138_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.138_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.138_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "28659", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }