{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 4137, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4137", "Disp_Access_No" : "1943.11", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1872", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1867", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1877", "Disp_Title" : "The Stonebreaker", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Gustave Courbet", "Sort_Artist" : "Courbet, Gustave", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 1/2 x 21 1/2 in. (44.5 x 54.6 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "21 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Painting is an essentially concrete art and can only consist in the representation of real and existing things. - Gustave Courbet (1861) Courbet was the leading painter of a movement called Realism. Many French citizens began to advocate for democratic and socialist reforms after the Revolution of 1848 overturned the monarchy of King Louis-Philippe. Realist painters depicted modern subjects drawn from the everyday lives of the working class. The subject matter of The Stonebreaker is similar to that of Courbet’s The Stonebreakers, which Courbet exhibited at the Salon in 1850. The earlier painting, destroyed in World War II, depicted two men dressed in heavy, tattered clothing crushing rocks near a road. Because of its raw and, according to some viewers, politically motivated subject matter, The Stonebreakers was extremely controversial with the French public. The Gallery’s The Stonebreaker, painted over 20 years later, reflects a more intimate view of the laborer, solitary as he eats his midday meal. ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/43.11_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/43.11_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/43.11_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/43.11_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12365", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4954, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4954", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.61", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1869", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1869", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1869", "Disp_Title" : "Washerwomen of Fouesnant", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William-Adolphe Bouguereau", "Sort_Artist" : "Bouguereau, William-Adolphe", "Disp_Dimen" : "30 x 23 5/8 in. (76.2 x 60 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "30 in.", "Disp_Width" : "23 5/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In Fouesnant, a bay in Brittany, Bouguereau found the source material that would fuel his work for years to come. Academic artists viewed scenes of peasants performing their usual daily chores as a modern-day counterpart to the rustic figures of antiquity so beloved in historical paintings. Despite their circumstances, peasants in Academic paintings were usually depicted as clean, well-fed and neatly dressed. Here a girl carrying laundry resembles a caryatid, a classical figure used to support an architectural pediment. [Gallery label text, 2011]", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.61_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.61_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.61_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.61_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29169", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Scanned by Andy Olenick April 2009 from a 1993 transparency shot by James Via. Master exists only in TIF form, not DNG. On disk 090407", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4965, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4965", "Disp_Access_No" : "1937.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1888-1889", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1888", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1889", "Disp_Title" : "The Washerwomen", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Léon-Augustin Lhermitte", "Sort_Artist" : "Lhermitte, Léon-Augustin", "Disp_Dimen" : "30 3/8 x 37 3/4 in. (77.2 x 95.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "30 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "37 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Although he was of the same generation as Monet and Renoir, Lhermitte chose to follow the path of traditional realism, rather than the Impressionists' experimentation with color. He did practice the fluid brushwork that they had popularized, however. Like Sorolla... Lhermitte specialized in scenes of rural workers. However, his keen eye caught the contrasting colors and textures of sun-bathed landscape and figures in much greater detail. Sorolla concentrated more on the colors and effect of the light rather than on the details of form. [Gallery label text, 1999]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Edmund Lyon", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Jan-Piet Filedt-Kok of the Rijksmuseum noted that the artist was a friend of van Gogh and that the van Gogh museum bought a number of works by Lhermitte in the 1990s.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/37.2_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/37.2_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/37.2_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/37.2_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "53500", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/37.2_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/37.2_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/37.2_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/37.2_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "23527", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "scanned from slide at a print resolution. Should eventually be replaced.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5154, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5154", "Disp_Access_No" : "1938.8", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1871-1872", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1871", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1872", "Disp_Title" : "Between Coubron and Montfermeil, Undergrowth (Entre Coubron et Montfermeil)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot", "Sort_Artist" : "Corot, Jean-Baptiste-Camille", "Disp_Dimen" : "13 3/4 x 17 1/2 in. (34.9 x 44.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "13 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "17 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mrs. Granger A. Hollister", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "This painting appears on a memo in 1977 where it appears that this work was deaccessioned and exchanged with Newhouse Galleries in New York for another painting. The Corot painting deaccessioned and sold was in fact 55.63, "Souvenir de Douai." The mention of this work, 38.8, was apparently a confusion between the two Corot paintings. --KSchauber, Curatorial Research Assistant", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/38.8_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/38.8_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/38.8_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/38.8_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14436", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5167, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5167", "Disp_Access_No" : "1969.5", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1867-1899", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1867", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1899", "Disp_Title" : "Worker Bundling Sticks", "Alt_Title" : "Harvester", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Aimé-Jules Dalou", "Sort_Artist" : "Dalou, Aimé-Jules", "Disp_Dimen" : "4 x 4 in. (10.2 x 10.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Irving S. Norry", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "The terra cotta model for this piece is in the collection of the Petit Palais, Paris. It probably relates to an unrealized monumental piece honoring workers, planned by Dalou from about 1889. --KSchauber, Curatorial Research Ass''t", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/69.5_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/69.5_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/69.5_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/69.5_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14511", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5168, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5168", "Disp_Access_No" : "1955.92", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1867-1899", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1867", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1899", "Disp_Title" : "Worker Repairing a Scythe", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Aimé-Jules Dalou", "Sort_Artist" : "Dalou, Aimé-Jules", "Disp_Dimen" : "4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "4 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Bertha Buswell Bequest", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "This figure probably relates to an unrealized monumental piece honoring workers, planned by Dalou from about 1889. --KSchauber, Curatorial Research Ass''t", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/55.92_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/55.92_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/55.92_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.92_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "31575", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Temporary image- Not for web or print", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6574, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6574", "Disp_Access_No" : "1936.59", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1870", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1870", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1870", "Disp_Title" : "The Washerwomen of Auvers", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles François Daubigny", "Sort_Artist" : "Daubigny, Charles François", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 3/4 x 20 3/8 in. (29.8 x 51.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "George Eastman Collection of the University of Rochester", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/36.59_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/36.59_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/36.59_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/36.59_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "13085", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 8116, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/8116", "Disp_Access_No" : "1936.74", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1865-1870", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1865", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1870", "Disp_Title" : "The End of the Workday (La fin de la journée)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jean François Millet", "Sort_Artist" : "Millet, Jean François", "Disp_Dimen" : "29 1/4 x 37 x 3/4 in. (74.3 x 94 x 1.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "29 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "37 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "overall", "Medium" : "Pastel", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Pastel and crayon on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "On one of their many long, evening walks, Millet said to his brother Pierre: “It is astonishing toward the approach of night, how grand everything on the plain appears, especially when we see figures thrown out against the sky. Then they look like giants.” The End of the Workday showcases Millet’s fascination with the hour of twilight, which moved him by its power to transform human and other natural forms into strange shapes, evocative of dreams. The pastel, which shows a peasant silhouetted against the fading sky, putting on his jacket after a day of labor, is classic Millet. Best known as a painter of peasants, a politically and socially complex subject matter in France of the 1800s, his scenes of rural life focused on the human figure as much if not more than the landscape. [Label text from It Came From the Vault exhibition, 2013]", "Dedication" : "George Eastman Collection of the University of Rochester", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/36.74_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/36.74_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/36.74_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/36.74_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "39423", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 8363, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/8363", "Disp_Access_No" : "1957.67", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1860-1865", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1860", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1865", "Disp_Title" : "Washerwomen by Moonlight (Les laveuses au clair de lune)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jean François Millet", "Sort_Artist" : "Millet, Jean François", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 x 12 in. (43.2 x 30.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 in.", "Disp_Width" : "12 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Crayon", "Support" : "paper", "Disp_Medium" : "Crayon on paper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "George Eastman Collection of the University of Rochester", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.67_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.67_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.67_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.67_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "13063", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.67_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.67_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.67_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.67_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "43469", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }