{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 4889, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4889", "Disp_Access_No" : "1964.111", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "mid 19th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1833", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1866", "Disp_Title" : "Raven Dance Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Kwakwaka'wakw artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Kwakwaka'wakw artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "56 in. (142.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "56 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood, pigment", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, pigment, cedar bark", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This mask represents Raven, one of the creatures most important to the Kwakwaka’wakw people. Known to be quick learners, aggressive defenders of territory, and very social with one another, ravens have been a respected clan emblem for centuries. Raven masks are worn during a portion of the hamatsa, an initiation masquerade for young men. Following a choreographed sequence, with beaks projecting upward and masks moving wildly from side to side, the hinged lower jaw of the mask is manipulated with a cord. When the cord is pulled, the mask responds with a loud clacking sound – the “hap, hap” of the birds’ voices – adding to the dramatic effect of the performance. Hamatsa is performed at Kwakwaka’wakw potlatches. Potlatches are traditional cross-clan celebrations including dancing, feasting and magnanimous distribution of gifts held to honor births, marriages, deaths and other changes in social relationships. Potlatches continue to this day, despite attempts to ban them by both the Canadian and United States governments in the late 19th century. [Gallery label text, 2009] ", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Woodwork", "Creation_Place2" : "Canada", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/64.111_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/64.111_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/64.111_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/64.111_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19265", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7486, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7486", "Disp_Access_No" : "1984.45", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Face Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Nuxálk artist", "Sort_Artist" : "Nuxálk artist", "Disp_Dimen" : "29 1/2 x 18 x 11 in. (74.9 x 45.7 x 27.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "29 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "18 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, paint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The Nuxalkmc (Nuxálk people) were once referred to as the "Bella Coola." Their homeland and territory are located in and around the Bella Coola valley on the central coast of what is now known as British Columbia, Canada. A rugged inland area located 75 miles from the Pacific Ocean, the region features high mountains rising steeply from the shores of inlets. Nuxálk traditional stories are filled with fabulous beings, many human in form and represented by masked performers in ceremonial dance dramas. Both natural and commercial pigments were used in the decoration of masks, and the characteristic blue, vermilion and black painting is dramatic and distinctive. Very little is known about this mask that is too large to have been worn. [Gallery label text, 2009]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Isabel C. Herdle", "Copyright_Type" : "Artist Unknown", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Canada", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Per Art Committee minutes of Oct 1984, purchased by Ms. Herdle at a Rochester art fair, from a man whose grandfather had acquired it while building the Canadian-Pacific railroad.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/84.45_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/84.45_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/84.45_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/84.45_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26809", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }