{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 348, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/348", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.4", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1938", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1938", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1938", "Disp_Title" : "Cars in a Sleet Storm", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Arthur Dove", "Sort_Artist" : "Dove, Arthur", "Disp_Dimen" : "15 x 21 in. (38.1 x 53.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "15 in.", "Disp_Width" : "21 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Painted in Geneva, NY, Cars in a Sleet Storm is representative of Arthur Dove’s personalized abstract vocabulary with which he responded to the world around him. Dove, along with Georgia O’Keeffe and Marsden Hartley, were members of a group of modernist American artists championed by the photographer Alfred Stieglitz in his 291 Gallery in Manhattan. [Gallery label text, 2007] Arthur G. Dove was a native of Geneva, New York, about 46 miles from Rochester. Early on, rural New York State did not satisfy Dove's desire for a more engaged artistic life, and a few years after the turn of the 20th century, he moved to New York City and then to Paris. On his return to the United States in 1910, he began to paint abstract landscapes, and is considered one of America's first abstract painters. Dove's work was actively exhibited by photographer Alfred Stieglitz in his Gallery 291 and Intimate Gallery, major centers of avant-garde art in the United States. Stieglitz also showed the work of Georgia O'Keeffe whom he married in 1924. Cars in a Sleet Storm was painted at the end of Dove's years in Geneva, where he had returned to manage his father's estate. Dove's own words align him with the 20th century movement away from identifiable subject matter:"I would like to make something that is real in itself, that does not remind anyone of any other thing, and that does not have to be explained like the letter A, for instance." He also commented, "… I no longer observed in the old way, and not only began to think subjectively but also to remember certain sensations purely through their form and color, that is, by certain shapes, planes of light, or character lines determined by the meeting of such planes." [Gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.4_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.4_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.4_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.4_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "25276", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Scanned from 1999 James Via transparency", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.4_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.4_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.4_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.4_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "41492", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Color-corrected and cropped from M1 file as no print master existed. JPG derived from new print master.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 334, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/334", "Disp_Access_No" : "1953.24", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1931", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1931", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1931", "Disp_Title" : "Composition", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Stuart Davis", "Sort_Artist" : "Davis, Stuart", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 1/2 x 19 1/2 in. (44.5 x 49.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "19 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mr. and Mrs.Thomas G. Spencer", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/53.24_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/53.24_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/53.24_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/53.24_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12391", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 333, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/333", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.3", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1931-1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1931", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Landscape with Garage Lights", "Alt_Title" : "Garage Lights", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Stuart Davis", "Sort_Artist" : "Davis, Stuart", "Disp_Dimen" : "32 x 41 7/8 in. (81.3 x 106.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "32 in.", "Disp_Width" : "41 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Stuart Davis began as a student of the Urban Realist style, but upon seeing the many European modernist works on display at the New York Armory Show of 1913, the artist found his passion for abstraction. The influence of the broken-up and flattened surfaces of Cubism and the syncopated rhythms of American jazz contributed to Davis’ personal style. [Gallery label text, 2007] Gloucester, one of Massachusetts's oldest seaports, was a summer home for painter Stuart Davis from the time he was a young man of twenty-two. This view of the harbor clearly captivated him by the early 1930s, and preliminary studies of this painting reveal how carefully he considered the scene and translated it into paint, all the while deliberately conveying a sense of simplicity and speed in its execution. After a Parisian stay in the late 1920s, Davis returned to the United States with a new way of seeing things. The goal for him was to paint an expressive, abstracted version of the world around him, rather than a photographic simulacrum. As modernism challenged the nature of reality and how it is perceived, Davis reminds us here that it is possible to see two sides of a building at once, and that often it really looks like only half of a ship is in the water even though our brains convince us that the other half is hidden behind the fish warehouse. Flatness and simplification of forms were characteristics that distinguished work of influential European painters like Picasso and Matisse, whose work Davis would have encountered during his stay in France. [Gallery label text, 2006]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Children" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "3088", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "Study for "Landscape with Garage Lights"" },{ "Rel_Obj_ID" : "3089", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "From Sketchbook 3, Drawing for "Landscape with Garage Lights"" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.3_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.3_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.3_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.3_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12383", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.3_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.3_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.3_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.3_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "53893", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Rescanned transparency at larger size for reproduction. New JPG derived from that larger TIF.", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 194, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/194", "Disp_Access_No" : "1963.21", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1943", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1943", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1943", "Disp_Title" : "Haircut by the Sea", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Milton Avery", "Sort_Artist" : "Avery, Milton", "Disp_Dimen" : "44 x 32 in. (111.8 x 81.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "44 in.", "Disp_Width" : "32 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Gift of Roy R. Neuberger", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/63.21_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/63.21_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/63.21_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/63.21_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12413", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 185, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/185", "Disp_Access_No" : "1967.27", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1962", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1962", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1962", "Disp_Title" : "Homage to the Square: Soft Resonance", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Josef Albers", "Sort_Artist" : "Albers, Josef", "Disp_Dimen" : "48 x 48 in. (121.9 x 121.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "48 in.", "Disp_Width" : "48 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "board", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on composition board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Have you ever had the experience of picking out an article of clothing in a store and bringing it home, only to find out that it wasn’t the color you thought it was? This is often the result of the effect of different kinds of lighting on our perception of color. Josef Albers spent thirty years studying how our sense of color is influenced and sometimes tricked. As Albers said in his book, Interaction of Color, “color deceives continually.” His Homage to the Square series is an elegant exploration of the way people perceive colors differently depending on the colors nearby. If the same yellow square in the center of this painting were surrounded by a dark red color, do you think the yellow square would appear lighter or darker than it does in this painting? [Summer 2015]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/67.27_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/67.27_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/67.27_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/67.27_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12436", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 452, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/452", "Disp_Access_No" : "1960.37", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1959", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1959", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1959", "Disp_Title" : "Ruby Gold", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Hans Hofmann", "Sort_Artist" : "Hofmann, Hans", "Disp_Dimen" : "55 3/8 x 40 1/2 in. (140.7 x 102.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "55 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "40 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "According to painter Hans Hofmann, “there are bigger things to be seen in nature than the object.” Ruby Gold demonstrates this idea through the dramatic interplay of color, form, and expression. Hofmann was one of the most influential teachers of Abstract Expressionism, the painting style for which he is known. While other painters, such as Jackson Pollock, pioneered the style, Hofmann taught it to generations of students and helped to cement its role as a dominant form of painting in the U.S. from the 1950s onward. He created his signature works, like Ruby Gold, in the last eight years of his life, when, at age 78, he stopped teaching and devoted himself exclusively to painting. [Summer 2015]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/60.37_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/60.37_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/60.37_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/60.37_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "40794", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk number 131024", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 617, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/617", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.11a-b", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1931", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1931", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1931", "Disp_Title" : "Jawbone and Fungus (recto); Untitled (Abstraction) (verso)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Georgia O'Keeffe", "Sort_Artist" : "O'Keeffe, Georgia", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 x 20 in. (43.2 x 50.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 in.", "Disp_Width" : "20 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "without frame", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "With her unique vision and expression, Georgia O’Keeffe epitomizes the modern American artist. Her simple, pared down shapes and closely cropped still-lifes of bones and flowers turn objects into landscapes of their own. [Gallery label text, 2007] Painting on the verso, an untitled abstraction, dates to ca. 1923", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Sibling" : [ ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.11a_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.11a_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.11a_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.11a_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12378", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Print Master derived from Digital Master for Seeing America Pachyderm project August 2008. Needs curatorial approval for other uses.", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.11b_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.11b_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.11b_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.11b_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "55251", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 731, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/731", "Disp_Access_No" : "1975.421", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1967-1975", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1967", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1975", "Disp_Title" : "River Pond", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Wayne Thiebaud", "Sort_Artist" : "Thiebaud, Wayne", "Disp_Dimen" : "74 1/8 x 76 1/16 in. (188.3 x 193.2 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "74 1/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "76 1/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Acrylic", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Acrylic on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Joseph C. Wilson Memorial Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Under Copyright", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Related_Children" : [ { "Rel_Obj_ID" : "3297", "Rel_Obj_Title" : "Study for "River Pond"" } ], "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/75.421_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/75.421_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/75.421_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/75.421_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12469", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 762, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/762", "Disp_Access_No" : "1951.13", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1940", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1940", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1940", "Disp_Title" : "Discourse", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Max Weber", "Sort_Artist" : "Weber, Max", "Disp_Dimen" : "27 x 22 in. (68.6 x 55.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "27 in.", "Disp_Width" : "22 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "See Notes & Histories-Copyright Notes", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/51.13_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/51.13_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/51.13_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/51.13_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "12381", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }