{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 4799, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4799", "Disp_Access_No" : "1989.45", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1875", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1875", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1875", "Disp_Title" : "The Sculpture Gallery", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema", "Sort_Artist" : "Alma-Tadema, Lawrence", "Disp_Dimen" : "30 1/4 x 23 1/4 in. (76.8 x 59.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "30 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "23 1/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Alma-Tadema is known for his historical and anecdotal scenes set in classical antiquity or medieval Europe. The Sculpture Gallery is one of a number of scenes showing patrons at an ancient art gallery or sculptor’s studio. Here a slave—recognizable by the tablet hanging around his neck—displays a basin ornamented with Scylla, the mythological sea-serpent. The 19th-century collecting audience could likely identify the "Infant Hercules Struggling with a Snake," from the Capodimonti Museum in Naples at the left, and on the right, the statue of Helen, mother of Emperor Constantine, from the Capitoline museum in Rome. The Roman visitors are modelled on members of Alma-Tadema's family, including the artist’s wife and children, at the center. The artist travelled widely and visited historic sites, gaining a reputation for his accuracy in depicting ancient settings and artifacts. However, it was modern technology that helped him achieve this renown: the artist collected professional photographs of artworks and artifacts found on archaeological digs, using these images as the basis for his scenes. [Gallery label text, 2011]", "Dedication" : "Marion Stratton Gould Fund", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "British", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/89.45_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/89.45_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/89.45_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/89.45_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "29174", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Scanned by Andy Olenick April 2009 from an undated and uncredited transparency. Master exists only in TIF form, not DNG. On disk 090407", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4955, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4955", "Disp_Access_No" : "1973.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1902", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1902", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1902", "Disp_Title" : "Young Priestess", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "William-Adolphe Bouguereau", "Sort_Artist" : "Bouguereau, William-Adolphe", "Disp_Dimen" : "71 1/4 x 32 in. (181 x 81.3 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "71 1/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "32 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Bouguereau's idealized figures, with their realistically-rendered surfaces and painstaking level of finish, show a technical mastery that still astonishes. Here the fluid fabrics of the priestess's garments and the drapery behind her contrast sharply with her pale flesh and the stone mosaic of the floor. The lack of context invites viewers to provide the figure with a narrative. This painting, completed when the artist was almost 80, demonstrates a return to the themes of classical antiquity that had been mainstays of his youthful work. Bouguereau had a typical Academic education: he studied anatomy, classical literature and archaeology along with drawing and painting, and spent a year in Rome where he took inspiration from Renaissance artists. A member of the Academy throughout his career, his paintings were regularly included in the annual Salon exhibitions. [Gallery label text, 2011]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Paul T. White in memory of Josephine Kryl White", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/73.1_A1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/73.1_A1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/73.1_A1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/73.1_A1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "18213", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Museum Print Editions scan purchased by Gallery Store for production purposes", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 4964, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/4964", "Disp_Access_No" : "1957.18", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1890-1899", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1890", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1899", "Disp_Title" : "Interior of a Mosque", "Alt_Title" : "Mosque at Cairo", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Jean-Léon Gérôme", "Sort_Artist" : "Gérôme, Jean-Léon", "Disp_Dimen" : "23 3/8 x 35 3/8 in. (59.4 x 89.9 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "23 3/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "35 3/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "An enthusiastic amateur archaeologist, Gérôme painted dozens of Eastern scenes over his long career, including a number of mosque interiors. Although the mosque seen here has not been identified, the artist was known to have travelled in Asia Minor, the Middle East, and North Africa, and it is believed that this elaborate interior is a composite, made up of details from a number of specific sites. The worshippers assume accurate postures for their devotions, from the initial upright recitation of vows to the final prostration before God. Gérôme was a firm proponent of the Academic style: he taught at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and won national honors and the patronage of royalty. Although his pupils had included icons of modernism such as Fernand Leger and Everett Shinn, Gérôme was initially opposed to any challenges to the supremacy of the Academy. In the face of increasing opposition to his conservative viewpoint, he declared that the work of the Impressionists was “insipid and badly executed.” [Gallery label text, 2011]", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mr. and Mrs. F. Harper Sibley", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "French", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/57.18_A2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/57.18_A2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/57.18_A2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/57.18_A2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "38927", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Scanned from transparency", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 6633, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/6633", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.15", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1895-1900", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1895", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1900", "Disp_Title" : "Harem Scene", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Daniel Israel", "Sort_Artist" : "Israel, Daniel", "Disp_Dimen" : "35 1/2 x 23 1/2 in. (90.2 x 59.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "35 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "23 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "sight", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The scene depicted here is an example of Orientalism, the portrayal of Eastern figures and scenes-both real and imagined-by western artists. This was a popular aspect of Academic painting. Here a girl tries on jewelry while an older woman, perhaps her maid, looks on approvingly. The intimate alcove of a vast, columned interior allows the artist to show his skill at rendering the patterned fabrics, such as the hanging drapery and the maid's robe, and the jewels that spill from the inlaid chest behind the girl. The 19th century provided many opportunities for artists to travel to Asia and Africa as those lands were being explored, exploited and colonized by European countries. While some paintings were anthropologically correct, based on the artists' experiences, others chose to portray the people of these faraway lands in settings and poses that demonstrated the vast perceived difference between their circumstances and Europeans'. Women, especially, were held up as object lessons of decadence and sensuality in ways Europeans would not have been. [Gallery label text, 2011]", "Dedication" : "Anonymous gift", "Copyright_Type" : "Public Domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Austrian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Found in collection. Note in file from 8/19/91 to send the painting to (T287) to Williamstown for treatment. It also says "Let''s accession the painting with the number 91.15 -- worksheet attached to Lee''s copy of this memo for completion. mv"", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.15_A4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.15_A4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.15_A4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.15_A4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20678", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Including (original?) frame", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/91.15_A3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/91.15_A3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/91.15_A3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.15_A3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "26155", "Image_Type" : "digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "On disk dated 3-25-08", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }